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Collection
James Buchanan Collection
Title
Letter from James Buchanan outlining his reasons for not wanting to run for Governor
Object ID
MG0096 F073
Date Range
1848/07/20
  1 document     12 images  
Collection
James Buchanan Collection
Title
Letter from James Buchanan outlining his reasons for not wanting to run for Governor
Description
Draft of a letter from James Buchanan addressing the inquiry of whether he would be interested in becoming a candidate for nomination of Governor before the approaching Democratic State Convention with the understanding that the Democrats of York County will nominate him at their upcoming County Meeting. Buchanan outlines his reasons for not wanting to run for Governor. 20 July 1848.
Date Range
1848/07/20
Creator
Buchanan, James, 1791-1868
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 03
Storage Container
Box 0002
People
Buchanan, James
Subjects
Governors
Political candidates
Democratic Party (Pa.). State Convention
Letters
Search Terms
Correspondence
Letters
Governors
Political candidates
Democratic State Convention, Pennsylvania
James Buchanan
Buchanan Collections
James Buchanan Presidential Library
Extent
1 item, 12 pages to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Parent Object ID
MG0096
Object ID
MG0096 F073
Location of Originals
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Associated Material
James Buchanan Papers, Dickinson College Archives & Special Collections,
http://archives.dickinson.edu/collection-descriptions/james-buchanan-papers
James Buchanan and Harriet Lane Johnston Papers, Library of Congress,
https://www.loc.gov/collections/james-buchanan-and-harriet-lane-johnston-papers/
James Buchanan Papers, Historical Society of Pennsylvania,
http://www2.hsp.org/collections/manuscripts/b/Buchanan0091.html
James Buchanan Papers, Penn State University Libraries,
https://libraries.psu.edu/findingaids/1458.htm
Related Item Notes
James Buchanan Collection (MG0096) https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo3760
James Buchanan Family Papers
Historical Society of Pennsylvania microfilm
Photograph Collection
Curatorial Collection
Wheatland Collection
Wheatland Mansion
Notes
May 2020 PastPerfect Conversion
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pa.
Other Number
MG-0096, Folder 073
Description Level
Item
Custodial History
Digitization of the James Buchanan Collection was funded by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, PHMC Appl ID # 201808013051, 2019-2020.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
James Buchanan Family Papers, Part 6 Hiram B. Swarr
Title
Scrapbook of ephemera, newspaper articles, and original letters kept by Hiram B. Swarr
Object ID
JBFP 6.3.Scrapbook1
Date Range
1852-1883
  1 document  
Collection
James Buchanan Family Papers, Part 6 Hiram B. Swarr
Title
Scrapbook of ephemera, newspaper articles, and original letters kept by Hiram B. Swarr
Description
Scrapbook of ephemera, newspaper articles, and original letters kept by Hiram B. Swarr that includes items related to the 1856 Presidential election, the Democratic Committee of Lancaster County, and the estate of James Buchanan.
The inscription indicates that the scrapbook was given to Edward Elliott Bausman by his mother, Mary Swarr Bausman. Mary was the daughter of Hiram B. Swarr. It is unclear if Mary or Elliott compiled the scrapbook.
Date Range
1852-1883
Year Range From
1852
Year Range To
1883
Date of Accumulation
1852-1883
Creator
Swarr, Hiram Behm, 1821-1896
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Container
JBFP Part 6, Box 3
People
Swarr, Hiram Behm
Bausman, Edward Elliott
Bausman, Mary Brooks Swarr
Buchanan, James
Other Creators
Bausman, Edward Elliott
Bausman, Mary Swarr
Subjects
Scrapbooks
Ephemera
Letters
Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
Search Terms
Scrapbooks
Ephemera
James Buchanan
Letters
Correspondence
Buchanan Collections
James Buchanan Presidential Library
Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
Newspaper clippings
Estate settlement
Extent
1 item, 196 pages to scan
Object Name
Scrapbook
Language
English
Parent Object ID
JBFP Part 6 Series 3
Object ID
JBFP 6.3.Scrapbook1
Associated Material
James Buchanan Papers, Dickinson College Archives & Special Collections,
http://archives.dickinson.edu/collection-descriptions/james-buchanan-papers
James Buchanan and Harriet Lane Johnston Papers, Library of Congress,
https://www.loc.gov/collections/james-buchanan-and-harriet-lane-johnston-papers/
James Buchanan Papers, Historical Society of Pennsylvania,
http://www2.hsp.org/collections/manuscripts/b/Buchanan0091.html
James Buchanan Papers, Penn State University Libraries,
https://libraries.psu.edu/findingaids/1458.htm
Related Item Notes
James Buchanan Family Papers
MG-96 James Buchanan Collection
Historical Society of Pennsylvania microfilm
Photograph collections
Curatorial collections
Wheatland Mansion
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Accession Number
WB.96.178.1
Other Number
JBFP Part 6, Series 3, Swarr Scrapbook 1
Description Level
Item
Custodial History
The James Buchanan Family Papers were collected by the James Buchanan Foundation for the Preservation of Wheatland. This collection was relocated from the Wheatland mansion to the LancasterHistory archives in the Spring of 2009. Digitization of the James Buchanan Family Papers was funded by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, PHMC Appl ID # 201808013051, 2019-2020.
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Title
Miscellaneous writings of Thomas Welsh, including the record of his departure for Washington in 1843
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA_F01_It01a
Date Range
1840/06/23 to 1843/08/29
  1 document     1 image  
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Title
Miscellaneous writings of Thomas Welsh, including the record of his departure for Washington in 1843
Description
Miscellaneous notes and sketches written by Thomas Welsh, including: 1) A sketch about the amount of money the public had to pay for Queen Victoria's wedding, evidently copied from the Philadelphia Ledger. 2) A notice of the death of General Thomas Sumpter [Sumter] of South Carolina, evidently copied from the Philadelphia Ledger, June 23, 1840. 3) A note about the population of Lowell, Mass. being top heavy in favor of females, evidently from the Times, Philadelphia. 4) A note about the suicide death (by starvation) of John Jordan, from the Columbia Spy. 5) A mock newspaper article about Thomas Welsh leaving Columbia August 29, 1843 for Baltimore and Washington.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
System of Arrangement
The collection is arranged in series:
Series A Thomas Welsh before the Mexican War
Series B Mexican War, 1846-1848
Series C Between the Mexican War and the Civil War, 1848-1861
Series D Ciivil War
Series E Post-Civil War
Series F Miscellaneous Family Papers
Date Range
1840/06/23 to 1843/08/29
Creation Date
1840-1843
Year Range From
1840
Year Range To
1843
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 19
Storage Container
Box 0001
People
Victoria, Queen of Great Britain
Jordan, John
Sumter, Thomas
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
Columbia spy (Columbia, Pa.)
Death notices
Philadelphia ledger
Times (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Transcription
Search Terms
Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
Columbia Spy
Death notices
Newspaper clippings
Philadelphia ledger
Times (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Transcriptions
Extent
1 item, 1 page to scan
Object Name
Article
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Date
2020-06-25
Condition Notes
Reasonably good condition, with slight discoloration and some edge deterioration. It is bound as part of a packet that includes TW-A-XX-01 through TW-A-XX-01(u). This is on the backside of TW-A-XX-01.
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA_F01_It01a
Notes
Added to PP 12/19/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Other Numbers
TW-A-XX-01(a)
Classification
MG0828
Description Level
Item
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Title
Unfinished essay by Thomas Welsh, with a description of a visit to the East Room of the White House
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA_F01_It01c
Date Range
1844/03/01
  1 document     1 image  
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Title
Unfinished essay by Thomas Welsh, with a description of a visit to the East Room of the White House
Description
The beginning of an unfinished essay by Thomas Welsh about visiting the East Room of the White House (and evidently viewing Presidential portraits), juxtaposing the greatness of the Presidents with their deaths.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Date Range
1844/03/01
Creation Date
No date
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 19
Storage Container
Box 0001
People
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Presidents--United States
Presidents--United States--Portraits
Portraits
Essays
White House (Washington, D.C.)
Search Terms
Presidents
Essays
White House
Portraits
Extent
1 item, 1 page to scan
Object Name
Essay
Language
English
Condition
Fair
Condition Notes
Edges frayed, with a tear running from the binding into the page. Fair condition. This is the backside of TW-A-XX-01(b).
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA_F01_It01c
Notes
Added to PP 12/19/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Other Numbers
TW-A-XX-01(c)
Classification
MG0828
Description Level
Item
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Title
Poems and notes by Thomas Welsh
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA_F01_It01d
Date Range
1845/07/30
  1 document     1 image  
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Title
Poems and notes by Thomas Welsh
Description
Poems and notes by Thomas Welsh. This page consists of 1) Two stanzas from the anonymous short poem “Music” included at the beginning of the document use the metaphor of music to describe the grandeur of sounds found throughout nature (waterfalls, wind, rain, streams, etc.). The 2 additional lines suggest that Welsh may have been trying to add to the poem. 2) 9 lines of bold script identifying Thomas Welsh at Mrs. Philips Missouri Hotel in Little Rock, July 30, 1845; and also referencing Captain Alexander at Fort Smith; Daniel Boone Logan, son of Col. Logan, Creole Agent; Charles Adamson of Little Rock; Mr. Hicks printer; the Steamboat Frankland with Kendall as Master, Wade as Clerk, and Dallow as Bar Keeper. These appear to be notes made by Welsh to remember names and details.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Date Range
1845/07/30
Creation Date
1845/07/30
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 19
Storage Container
Box 0001
People
Welsh, Thomas
Adamson, Charles
Alexander, Edmund Brooke
Logan, James
Logan, Daniel Boone
Hicks, William Frields
Kendall, George M.
Subjects
Frankland (Steamship)
Little Rock (Ark.)
Fort Smith (Ark.)
Steamboats
Poetry
Search Terms
Frankland (Steamship)
Little Rock, Arkansas
Fort Smith, Arkansas
Steamboats
Poetry
Extent
1 item, 1 page to scan
Object Name
Poem
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Notes
Good condition. No material tears or fraying.This is the reverse side of TW-A-XX-01(e).
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA_F01_It01d
Notes
Added to PP 12/19/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Other Numbers
TW-A-XX-01(d)
Classification
MG0828
Description Level
Item
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Title
Poem, “Oh No! I’ll Never Bet”
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA_F01_It01i
Date Range
1840
  1 document     1 image  
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Title
Poem, “Oh No! I’ll Never Bet”
Description
“Oh No! I’ll Never Bet,” a humorous poem about the dangers of gambling transcribed from the Niles Intelligencer Democrat newspaper (Niles, Berrien County, Michigan). Transcribed by Thomas Welsh. 4 stanzas, 16 lines. The date of the poem is not identified. Note: Also printed in The Pontiac Weekly Jacksonian, Pontiac, Michigan, 18 December 1840. Not attributed.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Date Range
1840
Creation Date
1840
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 19
Storage Container
Box 0001
People
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Gambling
Poetry
Niles intelligencer democrat (Niles, Michigan)
Search Terms
Poetry
Gambling
Niles Intelligencer Democrat (Niles, Michigan)
Extent
1 item, 1 page to scan
Object Name
Poem
Language
English
Condition
Fair
Condition Notes
Fair condition. No material tears or significant fraying. There are several smudges over a portion of the poem.
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA_F01_It01i
Notes
Added to PP 12/19/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Other Numbers
TW-A-XX-01(i)
Classification
MG0828
Description Level
Item
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Title
Penmanship practice by Thomas Welsh
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA_F01_It01k
Date Range
1845
  1 document     1 image  
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Title
Penmanship practice by Thomas Welsh
Description
Penmanship practice. A series of words written by Thomas Welsh, including names of people, months of the year, cities, states, and the year 1845.The list of months is in chronological order. For the most part, the list of cities and states is in alphabetical order.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Date Range
1845
Creation Date
1845
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 19
Storage Container
Box 0001
People
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Penmanship
Search Terms
Penmanship
Extent
1 item, 1 page to scan
Object Name
Worksheet
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Notes
Good condition. No material tears or significant fraying.
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA_F01_It01k
Notes
Added to PP 12/19/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Other Numbers
TW-A-XX-01(k)
Classification
MG0828
Description Level
Item
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Title
Poem, "The Clarion"
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA_F01_It01s
Date Range
1841-1842
  1 document     1 image  
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Title
Poem, "The Clarion"
Description
Poem, "The Clarion." The first part was transcribed by Thomas Welsh, second part was evidently written by Thomas Welsh. The first eight lines are the first two stanzas from a temperance piece called "The Clarion” that appeared in a number of temperance journals in the early nineteenth century, including the Journal of the American Temperance Union, January 1841 and The Washingtonian (Augusta, Georgia), September 17, 1842. Second part seems to be an original 14 line poem by Welsh; first lines reads "Sweet one, please tell me why art thou so sad." The dates of the poems are not specified.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Date Range
1841-1842
Creation Date
1841-1842
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 19
Storage Container
Box 0001
People
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Poetry
Temperance
Search Terms
Poetry
Temperance
Extent
1 item, 1 page to scan
Object Name
Poem
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Notes
Good condition. No material tears or significant fraying.
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA_F01_It01s
Notes
Added to PP 12/19/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Other Numbers
TW-A-XX-01(s)
Classification
MG0828
Description Level
Item
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Title
Memorandum of the travels of Thomas Welsh
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA_F02
Date Range
1844-1845
  1 document     4 images  
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Title
Memorandum of the travels of Thomas Welsh
Description
Memorandum of Thomas Welsh which details his travel from Washington to Pittsburgh to Cincinnati in 1844 and to Fort Smith in 1845. Mentions William Herbert, Major Johnson, J. Lewis, Mr. Parkerson, Mr. Slicer, and Napoleon Wolf.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Date Range
1844-1845
Creation Date
1844-1845
Year Range From
1844
Year Range To
1845
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 19
Storage Container
Box 0001
People
Herbert, William
Johnson, Major
Lewis, J.
Parkerson, Mr.
Slicer, Mr.
Welsh, Thomas
Wolf, Napoleon
Subjects
Baltimore (Md.)
Cincinnati (Ohio)
Fort Smith (Ark.)
Itineraries
Pittsburgh (Pa.)
Washington (D.C.)
Search Terms
Baltimore, Maryland
Cincinnati, Ohio
Fort Smith, Arkansas
Itineraries
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Washington, DC
Extent
1 item, 4 pages to scan
Object Name
Itinerary
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Notes
Generally good. Some edge discoloration, stains, and creasing, but largely intact.
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesA_F02
Notes
Added to PP 12/19/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Other Numbers
TW-A-XX-02
Classification
MG0828
Description Level
Item
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Title
Letter from Thomas Welsh to his brother
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F01
Date Range
1846/08/07
  1 document     2 images  
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Title
Letter from Thomas Welsh to his brother
Description
Incomplete letter, written by Thomas Welsh to his brother, William, and dated Camp Rio Grande, August 7, 1846. Details his enlistment and deployment to Mexico upon the outbreak of war.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men.
Welsh lost his father at the age of 2, and went to work to support his family at age 8. He had very little formal schooling, and was largely self-educated. In 1843, at age 19, he left Lancaster County for Washington City, then went west as an itinerant carpenter/laborer to Cincinnati, Little Rock, and Fort Smith.
When the Mexican War broke out in 1846, he enlisted in a Kentucky regiment, and was severely wounded at the battle of Buena Vista (1847) from which he never fully recovered. Returning home to Columbia, he re-enlisted as a second lieutenant, assigned to the 11th U.S. infantry regiment in Mexico City. Within days of his arrival in Mexico City, he was declared unfit for service on account of his battle wound, and sent home again.
Back in Columbia as a civilian, he dabbled in politics, and received a patronage job in the Pennsylvania Main Line of Public Works (the rail and canal system connecting Philadelphia and Pittsburgh). After several years, he opened up a grocery and dry goods store in Columbia's canal basin. He also became an insurance agent. In 1857, he was elected Justice of the Peace, and his reputation grew as a community leader. By 1860, he was president of the Borough Council, a founding member of the Columbia Board of Trade, Vice President of the Columbia Cricket Club, and a canal boat operator, in addition to a dry goods merchant, insurance agent, and Justice of the Peace. He had a wife, 5 surviving children, and legal guardianship of his sister's 4 children.
When Confederate forces shelled Fort Sumter, marking the beginning of the Civil War, Thomas Welsh raised and organized the first company of volunteers from Lancaster County, and took them into the field as their Captain. Within days, he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the regiment, which served out its 90-day enlistment in the Shenandoah Valley.
Returning to Harrisburg, he was appointed Commandant of Camp Curtin, the problem-plagued processing center for new recruits. In short order, Welsh cleaned up the camp's poor sanitary conditions, improved the health of the camp, and implemented soldierly discipline and training.
In October 1861, he resigned from his camp duties, and as Colonel of the 45th Pennsylvania, led his regiment into the field. After brief service outside of Washington, they were sent to South Carolina in December, where they were posted to Otter Island. After the battle of James Island, they were recalled to Newport News, in July 1862, then sent to guard Aquia Creek.
In September, now in brigade command in Burnsides' 9th Corps, Welsh chased Lee's Confederate army west into central Maryland. His brigade broke the enemy line in Fox's Gap, on Sept. 14, then 3 days later achieved the furthest Union advance at Antietam, reaching the edge of Sharpsburg, and nearly cutting off Lee's only avenue of escape. Welsh's gallantry earned him a field promotion to brigadier general, which Congress confirmed on March 13, 1863.
The 9th Corps (Welsh now in command of the 1st Division) was sent west in the spring of 1863, then dispatched south to support Grant's investment of Vicksburg. After Vicksburg fell, they turned east and defeated Confederate General Johnston at the Battle of Jackson. Welsh contracted malaria in the southern swamps, and died in Cincinnati upon their return north. One of his men later recalled, "Had he lived, Welsh would undoubtedly have attained a much higher command. 1
1. Beauge, Eugene, in Albert, Allen D., Ed., History of the Forty-Fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteer Infantry 1861-1865, Williamsport, PA: Grit Publ. Co, 1912, p. 79.
Date Range
1846/08/07
Creation Date
1846/08/07
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 19
Storage Container
Box 0001
People
Taylor, Zachary
Welsh, Thomas
Welsh, William
Subjects
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Cincinnati (Ohio)
Louisville (Ky.)
New Orleans (La.)
Brazos Island (Tex.)
Mexico
Letters
Personal correspondence
La Burrita (Tampaulipas, Mexico)
Search Terms
Mexican War
United States Army
Recruiting and enlistment
Cincinnati, Ohio
Louisville, Kentucky
New Orleans, Louisiana
Brazos Santiago Island, Texas
Mexico
Letters
Correspondence, Personal
La Burrita, Mexico
Extent
1 item, 2 pages to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Fair
Condition Notes
Torn along one fold; otherwise good.
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F01
Notes
Added to PP 12/19/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Other Numbers
TW-B-46-01
Classification
MG0828
Description Level
Item
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Images
Documents
Less detail

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