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Collection
Thaddeus Stevens Collection
Title
Articles of agreement between Harrisburg Bank and Thaddeus Stevens
Object ID
MG0115_P01_F025_In02
Date Range
1844/01/03
  1 document  
Collection
Thaddeus Stevens Collection
Title
Articles of agreement between Harrisburg Bank and Thaddeus Stevens
Description
Articles of agreement between Harrisburg Bank and Thaddeus Stevens. Settles debts and issues of property sales between Stevens and the bank.
Date Range
1844/01/03
Creation Date
3 January 1844
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 03
People
Stevens, Thaddeus
Subjects
Contracts
Search Terms
Articles of agreement
Harrisburg Bank
Stevens and Smith Center
Extent
1 item, 2 pages to scan
Object Name
Agreement
Language
English
Object ID
MG0115_P01_F025_In02
Location of Originals
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Related Item Notes
Thaddeus Stevens Collection (MG0115_P01) https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/fc4d62c6-ef85-4f0f-bfb8-361140325885
Notes
Preferred Citation: Title or description of item, date (day, month, year), Thaddeus Stevens Collection (MG0115), Part 1, Folder # or Object ID, LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania. URL if applicable. Date accessed (day, month, year).
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact Research@LancasterHistory.org prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact Research@LancasterHistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Accession Number
1973.MG0115F25
Other Numbers
MG-115
Other Number
MG-115, Part 1, Folder 25, Insert 2
Classification
MG0115
Description Level
Item
Custodial History
Added to database 22 September 2022.
Digitization of this document was funded by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, PHMC Appl ID # 202010016624, 2020-2023.
Documents

MG0115_P01_F025_In02.pdf

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Collection
Lancaster County Almshouse and Hospital Collection
Title
Lancaster County Almshouse and Hospital Collection
Object ID
MG0277
Date Range
1798-1993
  1 document  
Collection
Lancaster County Almshouse and Hospital Collection
Title
Lancaster County Almshouse and Hospital Collection
Description
The Lancaster County Almshouse and Hospital Collection is comprised of accounts, registers, minutes, and other records kept by this county department. There are birth and death records, lists of inmates, supply and payroll books, and auditors' reports, and a scrapbook of Conestoga View.
Date Range
1798-1993
Year Range From
1798
Year Range To
1993
Date of Accumulation
1798-1993
Creator
Lancaster County (Pa.). Board of County Commissioners
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 08
People
Ash, Phineas
Bachman, J. M.
Bachman, John
Bair, Ivan
Baney, William
Bard, R. W.
Bare, Adam
Bausman, John
Bubach, Gerhart
Carpenter, Sam
Centini, Jane E.
Clark, Thomas
Coleman, Thomas
Colwell, James
Dale, Samuel
Dorwart, Jonas
Dunlap, Stephan
Eaby, George W.
Esler, P. O.
Gibbons, William
Good, William
Graybill, N. W.
Graybill, H.
Gryder, Christian
Haines, Timothy
Halbach, W. A.
Harnish, Jacob
Harnish, Samuel
Heck, Lewis
Herr, Christian
Hershey, W. E. H.
Hildebrant, W.
Hollinger, George
Humes, Samuel
Jackson, James J.
Kean, Thomas M.
Kready, David C.
Lane, P. C.
Lenegan, Archibald M.
Light, John
Livingston, J. B.
Long, Jacob
Metzger, John W.
Meyers, Samuel M.
Murray, William
Musser, George
Nauman, J. W.
Nicholson, John
Overholzer, H. D.
Patterson, D. W.
Reed, John K.
Schwartz, Conrad
Slaymaker, Henry
Snyder, Simon
Stone, Abraham
Strine, Jacob S.
Summy, A.
Sweigart, E.
Weaver, B. F.
Webb, Will
Wein, John
Wentz, Thomas
Witmer, Abraham
Witters, Jacob W.
Young, Mathias
Zantzinger, Paul
Other Creators
LancasterHistory (Organization)
Subjects
Almshouses
Almshouses--Pennsylvania--Lancaster County--History
Auditors' reports
Conestoga View (Lancaster, Pa.)
Poor--Services for--Pennsylvania--Lancaster County--History
Scrapbooks
Search Terms
Almshouses
Auditors' reports
Conestoga View
Finding aids
Manuscript groups
Scrapbooks
Extent
3 boxes, 33 books and folders, 3.5 cubic ft.
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Object ID
MG0277
Location of Originals
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Notes
Preferred Citation: Title or description of item, date (day, month, year), Lancaster County Almshouse and Hospital Collection (MG0277), Folder or Book #, LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Restrictions are noted at the item level.
Copyright
Collection may not be photocopied. Please direct questions to Research Center Staff at research@lancasterhistory.org. Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Classification
MG0277
Description Level
Fonds
Custodial History
Most of the items in this collection are part of the Lancaster County Government Records, RG 08-12. They were transferred into MG-277 in 1999 during the planning of the Almshouse and Hospital exhibition. Other items are on loan from the Edward Hand Medical Heritage Foundation or were collected by LancasterHistory.
Added to database 21 July 2017.
Documents
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Collection
Yeates, Lancaster County Historical Society Collection
Title
Yeates, Lancaster County Historical Society Collection
Object ID
MG0205
Date Range
1699-1934
  1 document  
Collection
Yeates, Lancaster County Historical Society Collection
Title
Yeates, Lancaster County Historical Society Collection
Description
Yeates, Lancaster County Historical Society Collection provides insight into the Yeates family, local social history, and details of legal business from 1743-1870. These documents have been collected by the Lancaster County Historical Society over many years. Collection includes letters, receipts, articles, eviction notice, advertisement, estate inventories, wills, deeds, treaty, court transcript, drawings, photographs, copy of house plan, post road distances, daybook, letter book, catalog of books in Jasper Yeates' library, and an alphabetical catalog of law books.
Date Range
1699-1934
Year Range From
1699
Year Range To
1934
Date of Accumulation
1699-1934
Creator
LancasterHistory (Organization)
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 05
People
Atkinson, Matthew
Bausman, William
Bond, Phineas
Bowman, Valentine
Bradford, W.
Brien, Edward
Burd, Edward
Carson, John
Coates, Samuel
Conyngham, David
Conyngham, Elizabeth Yeates
Conyngham, Redmond
Dallas, George M.
Davis, Jonathan
Davison, Benjamin
Dickey, Robert
Duncannon, Thomas
Edward, Thomas
Erter, Henry
Ewing, John
Ferguson, John
Fohren, Michael
Gibson, John
Gillchrist, John
Godcharles, Frederic A.
Graff, Conrad
Gregg, Andrew
Grubb, Peter
Hamilton, Charles
Hamilton, James
Hamilton, John
Hamilton, William
Hand, Edward
Hand, Jasper
Hayes, A. L.
Henry, John
Hess, David
Jago, John
Javin, William
Keeportz, Daniel
Kittera, William
Kremer, Philip
Krug, Jacob
Kurtz, William
Lindsay, William
Loudersmith, Wendel
Lyon, Joseph Barnet
Magaw, David
Marshall, J.
McClellan, John
McKean, Thomas
Millar, John
Miller, Michael
Minich, Henry
Muhlenberg, William Augustus
Nesbitt, John
Nissley, Martin
Ord, John
Philips, David
Postlethwaite, John
Poultney, Thomas
Price, Eli K.
Probst, John
Ramsey, Robert
Rawle, William
Riegart, Adam
Rine, Widow
Ross, George
Ross, J.
Scott, James
Sergeant, Thomas
Shippen, Edward
Shippen, Evans Wallis
Shippen, Robert
Simpson, John
Smith, Charles
Smith, Mary Yeates
Stein, Charles
Steinman, Fredrick
Stevenson, Henry
Stewart, Charles
Sturmii, Johannis Christophorus
Thomas, John
Tilghman, Benjamin C.
Tilghman, E.
Tilghman, Edward
Tilghman, William
Tilghman, William B.
Towson, William
Underwood, John
Wallace, George
Wallace, William
Waln, Nicholas
Warden, J.
White, William
Wickersham, Elijah
Willson, Samuel
Yeates, Catharine
Yeates, Jasper
Yeates, Jasper, Jr.
Yeates, John, Jr.
Yeates, John, Sr.
Yeates, Margaret
Yeates, Sarah Burd "Sally"
Zantzinger, Paul
Subjects
Business records
Deeds
Family records
Law libraries
Letters
Library catalogs
Wills
Search Terms
Business records
Correspondence
Deeds
Family records
Finding aids
Letters
Manuscript groups
Wills
Extent
6 boxes, 49 folders, 13 books, 6 cubic ft.
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Object ID
MG0205
Location of Originals
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Copies
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Related Item Notes
Yeates, Aungst Collection (MG0206)
Yeates, Carson Collection (MG0207)
George M. Steinman Collection (MG0184)
Jasper Yeates Colonial Law Library
Objects in the Curatorial Collection
Notes
Preferred Citation: Title or description of item, date (day, month, year), Yeates, Lancaster County Historical Society Collection (MG0205), Folder #, LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Restrictions noted at the item level. The letter copybooks in Folders 31 and 36 are restricted--please use the transcriptions available in the library.
Copyright
Collection may not be photocopied. Please direct questions to Research Center Staff at research@lancasterhistory.org. Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Other Numbers
MG-205
Classification
MG0205
Description Level
Fonds
Custodial History
Folders 1-34 and Books 1-2 were processed and finding aid prepared prior to 1997. Added to PP on 26 March 2022.
Documents
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Collection
Edward Hand Reunion and Genealogy Collection
Title
Edward Hand Reunion and Genealogy Collection
Object ID
MG0116
Date Range
1805-1984
  1 document  
Collection
Edward Hand Reunion and Genealogy Collection
Title
Edward Hand Reunion and Genealogy Collection
Description
Collection consists largely of information on the descendants of Edward Hand and on the Hand Family Reunion. Contains correspondence, genealogical materials, family charts, photographs, and commemorative booklet 1912, on Lancaster County in the Revolutionary War. Also, three documents concerning the settling of the Hand estate.
Date Range
1805-1984
Year Range From
1805
Year Range To
1984
Date of Accumulation
1805-1984
Creator
Hand family
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 03
People
Hand, Edward
Lear, Robert H.
Brien, Edward
Brien, Dorothy Hand
Hand, Jasper
Subjects
Genealogy
Family records
Letters
Search Terms
Genealogy
Family records
Family reunions
Rock Ford
Correspondence
Letters
Manuscript groups
Finding aids
Extent
1 box, 27 folders, .5 cubic ft.
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Object ID
MG0116
Access Conditions / Restrictions
No restrictions.
Copyright
Collection may not be photocopied. Please direct questions to Research Center Staff at research@lancasterhistory.org.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory.
Credit
Edward Hand Reunion and Genealogy Collection (MG-116), Folder #, LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pa.
Other Numbers
MG-116
Classification
MG0116
Description Level
Fonds
Custodial History
Added to database 1 May 2019.
Documents
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Collection
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, Series 1
Title
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, Series 1 Market Houses
Object ID
MG0545_Series01
Date Range
1827-1926, 1999
  1 document  
Collection
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, Series 1
Title
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, Series 1 Market Houses
Description
The documents in MG0545, Series 1 represent the business of the City of Lancaster related to the market houses, primarily in the nineteenth century. Payments to Market Masters and for gas lighting, advertising and maintenance show some of the costs associated with running the market houses in the nineteenth century. Market license certificates provide the names of stand holders and their products for 1925-1926.
System of Arrangement
This collection is organized into series:
Series 1 Market Houses
Series 2 Fire Department
Series 3 Bridges
Series 4 Railroads
Series 5 Lamps and Lighting
Series 6 Relief Fund
Series 7 Administrative Records
Date Range
1827-1926, 1999
Creation Date
1827-1926, 1999
Year Range From
1827
Year Range To
1999
Creator
Lancaster (Pa.)
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 11
People
Snyder, John
Wilhelm, John
Bostick, John
Donley, Henry
Wilhelm, Henry
Book, John
Subjects
Business records
Lancaster (Pa.)
Markets--Pennsylvania--Lancaster
Search Terms
Business records
Finding aids
Invoices
Lancaster Gas Light and Fuel Company
Licenses
Manuscript groups
Market houses
Markets
Mellert Foundry and Machine Company
Extent
1 box, 40 folders, .5 cubic ft.
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Object ID
MG0545_Series01
Location of Originals
LancasterHistory
Related Item Notes
Lancaster City Archives
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, MG0545
Access Conditions / Restrictions
No restrictions. Original documents may be used. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org prior to visit.
Copyright
Collection may not be photocopied. Please direct questions to Research Center Staff at research@lancasterhistory.org.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Other Numbers
MG-545, Series 1
Other Number
MG-545, Series 1
Classification
MG0545
Description Level
Series
Custodial History
Note: These documents are mostly administrative records, not permanent records, and were likely purged by the city offices when they were no longer needed. We are fortunate that they survived as they contain details about Lancaster's past.
Organized and preserved by MM, Summer 2011. Added to database 10 May 2021.
Documents
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Collection
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, Series 3
Title
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, Series 3 Bridges
Object ID
MG0545_Series03
Date Range
1835-1887
  1 document  
Collection
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, Series 3
Title
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, Series 3 Bridges
Description
The documents in MG0545 Series 3 represent the business of the City of Lancaster related to building bridges. Petitions, proposals and reports pertain to building bridges over the railroad at the alley between Duke Street and Lime Street in 1835 and 1837. Invoices for labor, stone and posts show bridge maintenance from 1858-1887.
System of Arrangement
This collection is organized into series:
Series 1 Market Houses
Series 2 Fire Department
Series 3 Bridges
Series 4 Railroads
Series 5 Lamps and Lighting
Series 6 Relief Fund
Series 7 Administrative Records
Date Range
1835-1887
Creation Date
1835-1887
Year Range From
1835
Year Range To
1887
Creator
Lancaster (Pa.)
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 11
People
Armstrong, James
Cooper, J.
Black, John
Subjects
Invoices
Petitions
Bridges
Business records
Lancaster (Pa.)
Search Terms
Invoices
Petitions
Bridges
Business records
Lancaster
New Holland Turnpike Company
Finding aids
Manuscript groups
Extent
1 box, 11 folders, .2 cubic ft.
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Object ID
MG0545_Series03
Location of Originals
LancasterHistory
Related Item Notes
Lancaster City Archives
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, MG0545
Access Conditions / Restrictions
No restrictions. Original documents may be used. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org prior to visit.
Copyright
Collection may not be photocopied. Please direct questions to Research Center Staff at research@lancasterhistory.org.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Other Numbers
MG-545, Series 3
Other Number
MG-545, Series 3
Classification
MG0545
Description Level
Series
Custodial History
Note: These documents are mostly administrative records, not permanent records, and were likely purged by the city offices when they were no longer needed. We are fortunate that they survived as they contain details about Lancaster's past.
Organized and preserved by JP, Summer 2011. Added to database 10 May 2021.
Documents
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Collection
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, Series 4
Title
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, Series 4 Railroads
Object ID
MG0545_Series04
Date Range
1833-1896
  1 document  
Collection
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, Series 4
Title
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, Series 4 Railroads
Description
The documents in MG0545, Series 4 represent the business of the City of Lancaster related to the Columbia and Philadelphia Railroad and the Pennsylvania Railroad, including correspondence, invoices and a petition.
System of Arrangement
This collection is organized into series:
Series 1 Market Houses
Series 2 Fire Department
Series 3 Bridges
Series 4 Railroads
Series 5 Lamps and Lighting
Series 6 Relief Fund
Series 7 Administrative Records
Date Range
1833-1896
Creation Date
1833-1896
Year Range From
1833
Year Range To
1896
Creator
Lancaster (Pa.)
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 11
People
Ihling, Charles C.
Flick, Henry
Zimmerman, John
Subjects
Business records
Columbia-Philadelphia Railroad
Invoices
Lancaster (Pa.)
Pennsylvania Railroad
Petitions
Railroads
Search Terms
Business records
Columbia and Philadelphia Railroad
Correspondence
Finding aids
Invoices
Lancaster
Letters
Manuscript groups
Pennsylvania Railroad
Petitions
Railroads
Extent
1 box, 4 folders, .1 cubic ft.
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Object ID
MG0545_Series04
Location of Originals
LancasterHistory
Related Item Notes
Lancaster City Archives
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, MG0545
Access Conditions / Restrictions
No restrictions. Original documents may be used. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org prior to visit.
Copyright
Collection may not be photocopied. Please direct questions to Research Center Staff at research@lancasterhistory.org.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Other Numbers
MG-545, Series 4
Other Number
MG-545, Series 4
Classification
MG0545
Description Level
Series
Custodial History
Note: These documents are mostly administrative records, not permanent records, and were likely purged by the city offices when they were no longer needed. We are fortunate that they survived as they contain details about Lancaster's past.
Collection was organized and rehoused by JP, Summer 2011.
Documents
Less detail
Collection
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, Series 7
Title
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, Series 7 Administrative Records
Object ID
MG0545_Series07
Date Range
1827-1897
  1 document  
Collection
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, Series 7
Title
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, Series 7 Administrative Records
Description
The documents in MG0545, Series 7 are invoices pertaining to payments made by the City of Lancaster during the 19th century. The documents represent a wide cross-section of Lancaster's history and include references to City Hall, the mapping of the city, officers salaries, charity donations, printing invoices, and bills and orders for coal. By far the largest groups of documents are those which record payments made for goods and services and for general labor completed for the city. These documents highlight the growth and improvements taking place in the city during the 19th century. Businesses or individuals are named on many of the invoices.
System of Arrangement
This collection is organized into series:
Series 1 Market Houses
Series 2 Fire Department
Series 3 Bridges
Series 4 Railroads
Series 5 Lamps and Lighting
Series 6 Relief Fund
Series 7 Administrative Records
Date Range
1827-1897
Creation Date
1827-1897
Year Range From
1827
Year Range To
1897
Creator
Lancaster (Pa.)
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 11
Subjects
Invoices
Business records
Lancaster (Pa.)
Search Terms
Invoices
Business records
Lancaster
Finding aids
Manuscript groups
Extent
1 box, 8 folders, .25 cubic ft.
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Object ID
MG0545_Series07
Location of Originals
LancasterHistory
Related Item Notes
Lancaster City Archives
George and Rhonda Andreadis Collection of Lancaster City Records, MG0545
Access Conditions / Restrictions
No restrictions. Original documents may be used. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org prior to visit.
Copyright
Collection may not be photocopied. Please direct questions to Research Center Staff at research@lancasterhistory.org.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Other Numbers
MG-545, Series 7
Other Number
MG-545, Series 7
Classification
MG0545
Description Level
Series
Custodial History
Note: These documents are mostly administrative records, not permanent records, and were likely purged by the city offices when they were no longer needed. We are fortunate that they survived as they contain details about Lancaster's past.
Organized and preserved by KH, February-March 2012. Added to database 11 May 2021.
Documents
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Collection
Slater Brown Family Letters
Title
Slater Brown Family Letters
Object ID
MG0754
Date Range
1828-1855
  1 document  
Collection
Slater Brown Family Letters
Title
Slater Brown Family Letters
Description
This collection contains letters to and from members of the Slater Brown family. Most are to or from his daughter, Mary H. Brown. Mary and her husband, Edwin Morgan, were merchants in San Francisco from 1853-1855. The subjects of the letters range from Mary's early schooling to their time in California during the gold rush.
Admin/Biographical History
Mary H. Brown married Edwin L. Morgan, son
of James and Zillah Morgan. They lived in San Francisco, CA from 1853-1855 and then moved to Philadelphia and purchased a residence at 1608 Wallace Street. Edwin later manufactured steam engines and boilers with Morgan, Orr & Co., Callowhill Street, Philadelphia.
Date Range
1828-1855
Creation Date
1828-1855
Year Range From
1828
Year Range To
1855
Creator
Brown family
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 15
People
Brown, Mary Kirk
Brown, Sarah
Brown, Slater
Brown, Slater, Jr.
Morgan, Edwin L.
Morgan, Mary H. Brown
Roberts, Mary
Stubbs, Rachel Ann Brown
Wood, Marian
Subjects
Letters
Merchants
San Francisco (Calif.)
Search Terms
Letters
Correspondence
San Francisco, California
Extent
1 box, 3 folders, 28 items, 81 pages to scan, .20 cubic feet
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Object ID
MG0754
Location of Originals
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Notes
These letters were purchased at auction by the donor.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
No restrictions.
Copyright
Collection may not be photocopied. Please direct questions to Research Center Staff at research@lancasterhistory.org. Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Other Numbers
MG-754
Other Number
MG-754
Classification
MG0754
Description Level
Fonds
Custodial History
Processed and finding aid prepared by SW, Spring 2016. Added to database 16 May 2021.
Documents
Less detail
Collection
Haldeman Family Papers and Business Records
Title
Haldeman Family Papers and Business Records
Object ID
MG0736
Date Range
1814-1957
  1 document  
Collection
Haldeman Family Papers and Business Records
Title
Haldeman Family Papers and Business Records
Description
The Haldeman Family Papers and Business Records collection contains correspondence between various members of the Haldeman family-the majority of which were sent or received by Samuel Haldeman or his daughter Eliza. The first sets of letters are between Samuel's parents and other family and acquaintances, then progress to Samuel and his family. The content includes Paris Haldeman's life during the California gold rush; Eliza's studies in Philadelphia and France; the Civil War; Carsten Haldeman's severe throat illness; and Samuel's travels throughout Europe. The letters span from 1814 to 1883. Mentioned in many of the letters to and from Eliza is her friend Mary Cassatt, an American Impressionist artist. As for the letters sent by Samuel, their content tends to be extremely detailed, sending home as good a description of his travels as he could with locations ranging from Philadelphia to Pompeii. Also included in the collection are several newspaper clippings concerning the Haldeman mansion and Chickies Rock as well as a ledger from the E. Haldeman and Co. furnaces at Chickies.
Admin/Biographical History
Samuel Steman Haldeman (1812-1880) born at the mansion in Bainbridge on August 12, 1812, was the oldest of seven children of Henry Haldeman (1787-1849) and his wife Frances Steman (1794-1826). His father, who appreciated culture, endeavored to foster a love of learning in his children. His mother, an accomplished musician, died when Samuel was fourteen years of age.
Samuel was educated in the public schools, at the classical academy in Harrisburg and at Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA. He found college routine irksome and left after two years at the age of eighteen saying, "I cannot learn from others, I must see for myself." Thereafter he educated himself by attending lectures, recording observations of bird habits, learning to stuff birds and mammals from a traveling Methodist minister, resulting in a large collection of specimens in natural history and also a scientific and linguistic library.
As a child Haldeman had a penchant for collecting specimens from nature and Native American stone implements found on and near the mansion site, keeping them in his own museum. His collection included skeletons of rabbits, opossums, muskrats, and field mice, which he prepared by boiling the carcasses. It also included fresh-water shells from both banks of the Susquehanna River and its islands. A letter from Samuel to a friend, dated 1844, says, "I collected shells on the banks of the Susquehanna long before I knew the meaning of genus and species." We'll see later what an influence these early shell-collecting days on the Susquehanna River had on Haldeman's scientific scholarship.
After his marriage in 1835 to Mary A. Hough of Bainbridge, he moved to a new residence at the base of Chickies Rock, Marietta. Not only did he design the stately home built by his father, he laid out the grounds with native specimens of trees and shrubs gathered from the surrounding woods, and some foreign varieties, all of which were planted with his own hands.
Not having a particular fondness for business, he continued his studies of nature, but did assist his father in a saw mill and later became a silent partner in the iron business with his brothers. He wrote articles on anthracite furnaces for Silliman's Journal, and contributed sound and practical suggestions for improvements to both the mill business and construction of the blast furnace.
At the age of twenty-three, Samuel contributed to the Lancaster Journal an article refuting Locke's "Moon Hoax". From then on, his life was devoted to science. For forty-five years he spent most of the time in his library, many times working sixteen hours a day. In 1836, Professor Haldeman became an assistant on the State geological survey of New Jersey, and was later transferred to a similar position in Pennsylvania. During extensive geological work, he discovered a new genus and species of fossil plant. Geology did not engross his whole attention, as he was now busy collecting and studying shells, and made substantial contributions in this field through an expertly illustrated massive work of copperplate engravings, drawn and colored from the original shells and living animals. This was finished in 1845.
One professional association of Samuel Haldeman during this period of 1840 to 1850 is particularly significant for his scientific development as well as for the development of American science. In 1844 he became a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a fledgling organization just beginning to function. At the request of this organization, he prepared a paper entitled "Enumeration of the Recent Freshwater Mollusk Which are Common to North America and Europe, with Observations on Species and their Distribution." Fifteen years later, an obscure British scientist had the following to say about this paper, "In 1843-44 professor Haldeman (Boston Journal of Natural History, United States, Vol. IV, pg. 468) has ably given the arguments for and against the hypothesis of the development and modification of species: he seems to lean towards the side of change." This scientist was Charles Darwin and he was writing in the preface to his Origin of Species, one of the most influential and controversial science books ever published. Samuel was said to have been the only American Naturalist with whom Charles Darwin corresponded, and whose opinion Darwin regarded as authoritative."
Samuel continued to write important and prize-winning essays and articles in philology, phonography, ethnology, natural history, and archaeology. His writings in all fields of science are literally innumberable, with well over one hundred articles on such scientific subjects as conchology and crustacea (the study of mollusks and shells), entomology (the study of insects), arachnidae (the study of spiders), annelids (the study of earthworms, leeches and related animals ), geology, chemistry and archeology.
He became professor of zoology at Franklin Institute of Philadelphia in 1841; chemist and geologist of the Pennsylvania Agricultural Society in 1852; professor of natural history at the University of Pennsylvania from 1850-1853; and the same position at Delaware College at Newark, Delaware from 1855-1858; and professor of comparative philology at the University of Pennsylvania from 1876 until the time of his death. This university conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of Laws. Professor Haldeman was among the first to undertake the spelling reform of English words. He corresponded with Noah Webster, who credited him with many words and definitions in his dictionary, also contributing to Worchester's Dictionary, the National Dictionary, and Johnson's Cyclopedia. He studied the languages of our Indian tribes, and of various nations and tribes of other parts of the world. He considered his most outstanding accomplishments to have been his investigations in philology (the study of the evolution of speech sounds).
Dr. Haldeman was elected to twenty-eight honorary scientific societies, both in this country and abroad. With others, he formed the Entomological Society of Pennsylvania and was president of the American Philological Association. Letters of inquiry from all parts of the world came across his desk; publishers asking opinions of books; writers begging information; teachers with a pronunciation to be settled; naturalists forwarding packages of shells, insects, or minerals for identification; farmers and others sending clays to be analyzed; requests for lectures; requests for data from scientific newspaper articles; request for reviews from editors, and so on.
Samuel Steman Haldeman died on September 10, 1880 at the age of sixty-eight, at his study table, of heart paralysis. He left a wife, two sons, and two daughters. He is buried beside his wife in the Haldeman family plot in the Marietta Cemetery. At a meeting of scientists following his death, this remark was made of him, "He was no ordinary man whom you might compliment with a passing respectful obituary notice - in science and letters he was a great man." - HMPS Records www.haldeman-mansion.org/samuelstemanhaldeman.htm
The biographical information was provided by the Haldeman Mansion Preservation Society. www.haldeman-mansion.org
Date Range
1814-1957
Creation Date
1814-1957
Year Range From
1814
Year Range To
1957
Creator
Haldeman family
Storage Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Storage Room
Archives South
Storage Wall
Side 15
People
Haldeman, Samuel Steman
Figyelmessy, Elisa Jacobean Haldeman
Haldeman, Henry
Haldeman, Paris
Haldeman, Mary Ann Hough
Haldeman, Carsten N.
Haldeman, Victor Macholski
Haldeman, Horace
Haldeman, Preston Elder
Black, Mira H.
Black, Harry "Pep" Crawford
Figyelmessy, Loyos Philip Haldeman
Cassatt, Mary Stevenson
Solis-Cohen, Jacob da Silva
Subjects
Business records
Letters
Search Terms
Letters
Correspondence
Business records
Manuscript groups
Finding aids
Extent
1 box, 73 folders, 291 items, 1,115 pages to scan, .5 cubic foot
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Object ID
MG0736
Location of Originals
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Associated Material
Haldeman Mansion Preservation Society https://www.haldeman-mansion.org/
Related Item Notes
Curatorial Collection
S. S. Haldeman Papers, MG0344
Notes
The following notes, including a partial Haldeman Family tree, document only those who authored and/or received the letters:
Henry Haldeman (18 Dec 1787 - 21 Mar 1849)
m. (1) Francis Steman (1 Mar 1794 - 15 Feb 1826) on 1811
Children: Samuel Steman Haldeman; Horace Haldeman
m. (2) Margaret Armstrong (15 Aug 1804 - 17 May 1867) on 1830
Children: Paris Haldeman
Samuel Steman Haldeman (12 Aug 1812 - 10 Sep 1880)
m. Mary Ann Hough (12 Dec 1812 - 6 Jul 1883) on 1835
Children: Carsten N. Haldeman (13 Oct 1837 - 14 Apr 1892); Eliza (Itty) Jacobean Haldeman (5 Nov 1843 - 10-Dec 1910); Frances H. Haldeman (9 May 1840 - 20 Oct 1904); Victor M. Haldeman (29 Jul 1854 - 12 Aug 1924)
Horace Haldeman (14 Aug 1820 - 10 Sep 1883)
m. Annie Breneman Haines (1823 - 16 Jan 1892)
Paris Haldeman (30 Jan 1831 - 13 Aug 1893)
Preston Elder Haldeman was Eliza Haldeman's cousin
Mira/Myra H. Black (1847-1895) and her brother Harry (Pep) Crawford Black (14 Mar 1846 - 22 Mar 1921) were second cousins to Eliza Haldeman.
Loyos Philip Haldeman Figyelmessy (2 Sep 1877 - 8 Apr 1889) was Eliza Haldeman's son. Eliza was married to Col. Philip Figyelmessy (1822-1907).
Mary S. Cassatt (May 22, 1844 - June 14, 1926) was an American painter and printmaker. She lived much of her adult life in France, where she first befriended Edgar Degas and later exhibited among the Impressionists. Cassatt often created images of the social and private lives of women, with particular emphasis on the intimate bonds between mothers and children. She was a close friend of Eliza Haldeman.
J. Solis-Cohen had a private medical practice in Philadelphia, where he concentrated on diseases of the throat and chest. www.collegeofphysicians.org
Access Conditions / Restrictions
No restrictions.
Copyright
Collection may not be photocopied. Please direct questions to Research Center Staff at research@lancasterhistory.org. Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Accession Number
2014.MG0736
Other Numbers
MG-736
Classification
MG0736
Description Level
Fonds
Custodial History
The letters and record book in this collection were kept by Eliza Haldeman and later sold by her son, S. Haldeman Figyelmessy, to his cousin and the donor's father, Guy K. Haldeman.
Processed and finding aid prepared by RR and SM in Summer and Fall 2015; and SW in Spring 2016. Added to database 23 May 2021.
Documents
Less detail

348 records – page 1 of 35.