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Collection
Christiana Resistance Collection
Object ID
Christiana S01 F02
Date Range
1851
  1 document     1 image  
Description Level
Folder
Collection
Christiana Resistance Collection
Description
The Christiana Resistance, commonly referred to as the "Christiana Riot" occurred in September of 1851 in Christiana, Pennsylvania, a borough in Lancaster County. The events known as the Christiana Resistance include an attack from slaveholders in Maryland on the inhabitants and home of William Parker (1821-1891), a free black living in Christiana, Pennsylvania. The slaveholders crossed the state border, and attempted claim and return the slave fugitives as their property, under the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.
The violent confrontation resulted in the death of Edward Gorsuch, a slaveholder, and the escape of William Parker to freedom in Canada. Edward's son, Dickinson Gorsuch, was
wounded and taken to the farm of Levi Pownall, where the Pownall family nursed him back to health. Historically, this event challenged the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 and is considered a
precursor to the Civil War.
The collection contains 2 distinct series: documents and photographs, from 1803-1971. Documents include: land drafts and deeds, correspondence to and from the Pownall family regarding the incident, notes regarding kidnappings in the area from 1850-1851, photocopied pages of Dickinson Gorsuch's diary, and published accounts of the event, memorializations, announcements and a radio drama related to or inspired by the Christiana Resistance event of 1851.
Contained in the photograph series are photographs of: the event place and places related to the Christiana Resistance, the Pownall farm, event monuments, daguerreotypes of key figures and survivors of the resistance.
Moores Memorial Library (Christiana, Pa.) owns some of the most significant manuscript material relating to the Christiana Resistance. The staff of Moores Memorial Library, part of the Library System of Lancaster County, and the Lancaster County Historical Society worked together to arrange and preserve the collection and create a finding aid to make the materials
accessible to the public.
Funds for this project were provided by the Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) in 2001.
Admin/Biographical History
The Christiana Resistance, commonly referred to as the "Christiana Riot" occurred in September of 1851 in Christiana, Pennsylvania, a borough in Lancaster County. The events known as the Christiana Resistance include an attack from slaveholders in Maryland on the inhabitants and home of William Parker (1821-1891), a free black living in Christiana, Pennsylvania. The slaveholders crossed the state border, and attempted claim and return the slave fugitives as their property, under the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.
The violent confrontation resulted in the death of Edward Gorsuch, a slaveholder, and the escape of William Parker to freedom in Canada. Edward's son, Dickinson Gorsuch, was wounded and taken to the farm of Levi Pownall, where the Pownall family nursed him back to health. Historically, this event challenged the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 and is considered a precursor to the Civil War.
Custodial History
Moores Memorial Library (Christiana, Pa.) owns some of the most significant manuscript material relating to the Christiana Resistance. The staff of Moores Memorial Library, part of the Library System of Lancaster County, and the Lancaster County Historical Society worked together to arrange and preserve the collection and create a finding aid to make the materials accessible to the public.
The collection contains correspondence to and from the Pownall family regarding the incident, notes regarding kidnappings in the area from 1850-1851, photocopied pages of Dickinson Gorsuch's diary, and published accounts. An 1896 photograph shows Peter Woods and Samuel Hopkins, survivors of the riot. There are also photographs of the Christiana Riot House, the Pownall farm, and key figures in the riot and at the Treason Trials of 1851.
The staff of Moores Memorial Library, part of the Library System of Lancaster County, and the Lancaster County Historical Society worked together to arrange and preserve the collection and create a finding aid to make the materials accessible to the public. Funds for this project were provided by the Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) in 2001.
System of Arrangement
Series 1 Manuscript and Printed Material, 1803-1955
Series 2 Photographs, 1895-1971 and No date
Date Range
1851
Date of Accumulation
1803-1971
Creator
Moores Memorial Library
People
Parker, William, 1822?-
Jackson, W. Arthur, 1827 or 1828-1857
Ford, Nelson
Hammond, Joshua
Subjects
Riots -- Pennsylvania -- Christiana
Letters
Christiana (Pa.)
Search Terms
Christiana Resistance
Letters
Correspondence
Extent
1 box, 37 folders, .5 cubic ft.
Physical Characteristics
The digital images of the manuscript and printed material are 300 dpi JPGs; the photographs are 600 dpi JPGs.
Object Name
Letter
Draft
Container
Moores Memorial Library Series 1 Folder 2 Letter Letter. To "Dear Sir" from W. Arthur Jackson in Philadelphia, regarding whereabouts of Nelson Ford, Joshua Hammond, and others; who occupied Parker's house; who was in Parker's house that night; and how long Parker, Pinkney, and Johnson had lived in Pennsylvania. [Possibly written to the Pownall family.] 10 November 1851. 10 November 1851
Language
English
Object ID
Christiana S01 F02
Location
Moores Memorial Library
Location of Originals
Moores Memorial Library
9 West Slokom Avenue
Christiana, PA 17509
chrlib@christianalibrary.org
610-593-6683 or 610-593-6687
Copies
The high resolution digital image files are stored at LancasterHistory.org.
LancasterHistory.org
230 N. President Ave
Lancaster, PA 17603
archives@lancasterhistory.org
(717) 392-4633
Access Conditions / Restrictions
The attached images have been provided for research. The original items are restricted for preservation purposes.
Copyright
The attached images may be used for research purposes only.
Please contact Moores Memorial Library for permission to publish:
Moores Memorial Library
9 West Slokom Avenue
Christiana, PA 17509
chrlib@christianalibrary.org
610-593-6683 or 610-593-6687
The high resolution digital image files are stored at LancasterHistory.org.
Credit
Christiana Resistance Collection, Series 1, Folder 2, Moores Memorial Library
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F07
Date Range
1848/01/04
  1 document     2 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten letter from James Buchanan to Thomas Welsh informing him that his nomination as Second Lieutenant for gallantry and good conduct as a private volunteer in Mexico has been forwarded by the President to the Senate. Note: President is James K. Polk, Buchanan is Secretary of State.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1848/01/04
Creation Date
1848/01/04
Creator
Buchanan, James, 1791-1868
People
Buchanan, James
Polk, James Knox
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Letters
Military promotions
Search Terms
Letters
Correspondence
James Buchanan
Buchanan Collections
Mexican War
Military promotions
Extent
1 item, 4 pages to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Poor
Condition Notes
Had been in a heavy wooden frame with wood backing. The letter itself shows some staining and is fragile.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F07
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB
Other Numbers
TW-B-48-02
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesB
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/19/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F09
Date Range
1848/01/19
  1 document     4 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten draft of a letter from Thomas Welsh to James Buchanan or to William L. Marcy requesting instructions on how to proceed following his appointment as 2nd Lieutenant; the same draft document also contains remarks (prepared for some meeting) advocating a vigorous prosecution of the war; the document ends with a poem evidently written by Welsh summarizing his feelings about going back into war, a wounded veteran ready for further sacrifice to secure an honorable and lasting peace.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1848/01/19
Creation Date
1848/01/19
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Marcy, William Learned
Buchanan, James
Lewis, Robert F. R.
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Poetry
Letters
Military promotions
Wounds and injuries
Search Terms
Mexican War
Poetry
Letters
Correspondence
Military promotions
Wounds and injuries
Extent
1 item, 4 pages to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Notes
Some staining and edge discoloration, but the document is intact. Condition good.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F09
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB
Other Numbers
TW-B-48-04
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesB
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/21/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F10
Date Range
1848/03/26
  1 document     4 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten letter from Thomas Welsh to an esteemed friend describes the challenges of army life as well as "the beauties and comforts of soldiering;" topics include food, weather, waiting for the peace treaty to take effect, and thoughts of home.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1848/03/26
Creation Date
1848/03/26
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Loomis, Gustavus A.
Wike, Sam
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Mexico City (Mexico)
Veracruz (Veracruz-Llave, Mexico)
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Letters
Personal correspondence
Search Terms
Mexico City, Mexico
Veracruz, Mexico
Camp Washington
Letters
Correspondence, Personal
Mexican War
Extent
1 item, 4 pages to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Poor
Condition Date
2020-07-17
Condition Notes
Lower left corner is torn off and missing; edges are frayed; stain marks present. Fair condition.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F10
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB
Other Numbers
TW-B-48-05
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesB
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/21/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F12
Date Range
1848/07/01
  1 document     2 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten letter from Thomas Welsh to James Buchanan, Secretary of State, requesting assistance or advice in seeking a commission in the peace establishment of the army. Note: along with MG0828 SeriesB F13 shows his concern over facing a return to civilian life with a serious leg wound.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1848/07/01
Creation Date
1848/07/01
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Welsh, Thomas
Buchanan, James
Givens, Mr.
Subjects
Fort Hamilton (New York, N.Y.)
Wounds and injuries
Letters
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Search Terms
Fort Hamilton, New York
James Buchanan
Buchanan Collections
Wounds and injuries
Letters
Mexican War
Extent
1 item, 2 pages to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Notes
Very good.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F12
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB
Other Numbers
TW-B-48-07
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesB
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/21/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F13
Date Range
1848/07/28
  1 document     4 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten letter from Thomas Welsh to Major Van Ness seeking a settlement of accounts upon discharge and a request for three months of extra pay for a leave of absence. Note: Welsh refers to himself as a disabled soldier which along with MG0828 SeriesB F12, shows his concern over facing a return to civilian life with a serious leg wound.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1848/07/28
Creation Date
1848/07/01
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Welsh, Thomas
Van Ness, Eugene
Subjects
Fort Hamilton (New York, N.Y.)
Wounds and injuries
Letters
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Mexico City (Mexico)
United States. Army--Leaves and furloughs
Search Terms
Mexico City, Mexico
Fort Hamilton, New York
Letters
Correspondence
Wounds and injuries
Mexican War
Leave of absence
Extent
1 item, 2 pages to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Notes
Good condition, with small tears around the edge, and discoloration on the folds.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F13
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB
Other Numbers
TW-B-48-08
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesB
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/21/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F14
Date Range
1848/09/00
  1 document     4 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten letter from Thomas Welsh to an unidentified addressee. Letter contains a detailed description of Welsh's experiences in the war and his wound at Buena Vista along with an objective analysis of the relative strengths and weaknesses of the US and Mexican armies in general and in the battles of Buena Vista and Molino Del Rey. It is unclear whether this letter was written in September 1847 or 1848, but contents indicates that it was most likely written in 1848.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1848/09/00
Creation Date
1848/07/01
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Welsh, Thomas
Taylor, Zachary
Santa Anna
Subjects
Agua Nueva (Saltillo, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Mexico)
Buena Vista, Battle of, Mexico, 1847
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Buenavista (Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico)
Wounds and injuries
Molino del Rey, Battle of, Mexico, 1847
Letters
Search Terms
Buenavista, Mexico
Saltillo, Mexico
Wounds and injuries
Mexican War
Buena Vista, Battle of
Battle casualties
Molino del Rey, Mexico
Aqua Nueva, Mexico
Molino del Rey, Battle of
Letters
Correspondence
Extent
1 item, 4 pages to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Notes
Very good condition, with some discoloration along fold lines and along the edge.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F14
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB
Other Numbers
TW-B-48-09
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesB
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/21/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesC_F10
Date Range
1852/08/22
  1 document     2 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten letter from Thomas Welsh to his wife, Annie, which contains local and personal news, including a report on the progress of work on the family home. Welsh clearly misses both his wife and daughter, Alice, who are apparently on an extended visit to Annie's sister Lydia Young Karmany in Lebanon, Pennsylvania. Note: Peter Vache is the husband of Annie's sister, Elizabeth. Walter may refer to Walter Young, the only child of Annie's brother, Samuel D. Young, by his first wife.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1852/08/22
Creation Date
1852/08/22
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Welsh, Thomas
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young
Temple, William
Vache, Peter
Welsh, Alice
Young, Walter
Karmany, Lydia Young
Subjects
Letters
Personal correspondence
Search Terms
Letters
Correspondence, Personal
Extent
1 item, 2 pages to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Notes
Good condition. Slight tears on the lower edge and along one of the folds; small stain on the lower edge.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesC_F10
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesC
Other Numbers
TW-C-52-03
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesC
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/21/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesC_F11
Date Range
1852/09/09
  1 document     4 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten letter from Thomas Welsh to his wife, Annie, which contains local and personal news, including a report on the progress of work on the family home and Welsh's unsuccessful candidacy for representative at the county convention. Welsh clearly misses both his wife and daughter, Alice, who are apparently on an extended visit to Annie's ister Lydia Young Karmany in Lebanon, Pennsylvania. Welsh states that he plans to pick them up in Lebanon on Sunday.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1852/09/09
Creation Date
1852/09/09
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Welsh, Thomas
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young
Welsh, Alice
Karmany, Lydia Young
Becks, Sara
Brooks, Mr.
Wilds, Lewis
Wolf, Mrs
Subjects
Letters
Personal correspondence
Political conventions
Search Terms
Letters
Correspondence, Personal
Political conventions
Extent
1 item, 4 pages to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Notes
Good. Stain along the top edge of page 1; some discoloration on folds, but no tears.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesC_F11
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesC
Other Numbers
TW-C-52-04
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesC
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/21/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61_F01
Date Range
1861/05/21
  1 document     2 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten letter from Annie Welsh to husband, Thomas. Columbia. Letter contains news from home for her husband, who is temporarily at Camp Scott in York, York County. Text includes information about weather, visits from various people in Columbia, and her concerns for his well-being.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men.
Welsh lost his father at the age of 2, and went to work to support his family at age 8. He had very little formal schooling, and was largely self-educated. In 1843, at age 19, he left Lancaster County for Washington City, then went west as an itinerant carpenter/laborer to Cincinnati, Little Rock, and Fort Smith.
When the Mexican War broke out in 1846, he enlisted in a Kentucky regiment, and was severely wounded at the battle of Buena Vista (1847) from which he never fully recovered. Returning home to Columbia, he re-enlisted as a second lieutenant, assigned to the 11th U.S. infantry regiment in Mexico City. Within days of his arrival in Mexico City, he was declared unfit for service on account of his battle wound, and sent home again.
Back in Columbia as a civilian, he dabbled in politics, and received a patronage job in the Pennsylvania Main Line of Public Works (the rail and canal system connecting Philadelphia and Pittsburgh). After several years, he opened up a grocery and dry goods store in Columbia's canal basin. He also became an insurance agent. In 1857, he was elected Justice of the Peace, and his reputation grew as a community leader. By 1860, he was president of the Borough Council, a founding member of the Columbia Board of Trade, Vice President of the Columbia Cricket Club, and a canal boat operator, in addition to a dry goods merchant, insurance agent, and Justice of the Peace. He had a wife, 5 surviving children, and legal guardianship of his sister's 4 children.
When Confederate forces shelled Fort Sumter, marking the beginning of the Civil War, Thomas Welsh raised and organized the first company of volunteers from Lancaster County, and took them into the field as their Captain. Within days, he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the regiment, which served out its 90-day enlistment in the Shenandoah Valley.
Returning to Harrisburg, he was appointed Commandant of Camp Curtin, the problem-plagued processing center for new recruits. In short order, Welsh cleaned up the camp's poor sanitary conditions, improved the health of the camp, and implemented soldierly discipline and training.
In October 1861, he resigned from his camp duties, and as Colonel of the 45th Pennsylvania, led his regiment into the field. After brief service outside of Washington, they were sent to South Carolina in December, where they were posted to Otter Island. After the battle of James Island, they were recalled to Newport News, in July 1862, then sent to guard Aquia Creek.
In September, now in brigade command in Burnsides' 9th Corps, Welsh chased Lee's Confederate army west into central Maryland. His brigade broke the enemy line in Fox's Gap, on Sept. 14, then 3 days later achieved the furthest Union advance at Antietam, reaching the edge of Sharpsburg, and nearly cutting off Lee's only avenue of escape. Welsh's gallantry earned him a field promotion to brigadier general, which Congress confirmed on March 13, 1863.
The 9th Corps (Welsh now in command of the 1st Division) was sent west in the spring of 1863, then dispatched south to support Grant's investment of Vicksburg. After Vicksburg fell, they turned east and defeated Confederate General Johnston at the Battle of Jackson. Welsh contracted malaria in the southern swamps, and died in Cincinnati upon their return north. One of his men later recalled, "Had he lived, Welsh would undoubtedly have attained a much higher command. 1
1. Beauge, Eugene, in Albert, Allen D., Ed., History of the Forty-Fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteer Infantry 1861-1865, Williamsport, PA: Grit Publ. Co, 1912, p. 79.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1861/05/21
Creation Date
1861/05/21
Creator
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young, 1831-1894
People
Appold, Mr.
Darcy, Dr.
Fisher, Mr.
Galt, Mr.
Givens, Major
Hay, Captain
McMann, Jim
McTague, Peter
Sheller, Mary
Ryan, Lizzie
Smith, Lieutenant
Young, Mary
Welsh, Thomas
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young
Subjects
Letters
Personal correspondence
Camp Scott (York, Pa.)
Weather
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Search Terms
Letters
Correspondence, Personal
Camp Scott, York, Pennsylvania
Weather
Civil War
Extent
1 item, 2 pages to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Fair
Condition Notes
Slight tearing along a fold and along the edge; discoloration on the back. Fair to good.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61_F01
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61
Other Numbers
TW-D-61-01
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesD-61
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/23/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail

1228 records – page 1 of 123.