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Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesE_F05
Date Range
No date
  1 document     4 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten account of the life and military career of Thomas Welsh by Blanton Welsh. Discusses the role of his mother Annie in keeping the family together and the careers of himself and three of his siblings: Mary, Lilian, and Thomas Anna.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Date Range
No date
Creation Date
No date
Creator
Welsh, Blanton Charles, 1860-1939
People
Welsh, Addie
Welsh, Alice
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young
Welsh, Blanton Charles
Welsh, Mary Young "Mazie"
Welsh, Lilian
Welsh, Thomas Anna
Welsh, Thomas
Welsh, Charles
Welsh, Nancy Daugherty
Taylor, Zachary
Scott, Winfield
Willcox, Orlando Bolivar
Blanton, Dr.
Subjects
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Vicksburg (Miss.)--History--Siege, 1863
Antietam, Battle of, Md., 1862
South Mountain, Battle of, Md., 1862
Columbia (Pa.)
Fort Smith (Ark.)
Mexico City (Mexico)
Cincinnati (Ohio)
Monterrey (Mexico)
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Pittsburgh (Pa.)
Harrisburg (Pa.)
United States. Army
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Search Terms
Biography
Columbia
Philadelphia
Pittsburgh
Cincinnati, Ohio
Fort Smith, Arkansas
Buena Vista, Battle of
Monterrey, Mexico
Mexico City, Mexico
Harrisburg
South Mountain, Battle of
Antietam, Battle of
Vicksburg, Seige of
Family history
Mexican War
Civil War
Safe Harbor, Conestoga Twp.
Extent
1 item, 8 pages to scan
Object Name
Biography
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Date
2020-08-20
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesE_F05
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesE
Other Numbers
TW-E-XX-01
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesE
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/29/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesC_F01
Date Range
1848
  1 document     4 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten draft of remarks evidently written by Thomas Welsh in opposition to Zachary Taylor’s 1848 presidential Campaign (Whig Party) and in favor of Senator Lewis Cass (Democratic Party). Remarks addressed to Mr. President and possibly delivered at a large Democratic Party meeting in Columbia on September 30, 1848 of which Welsh was reported to be secretary by the Columbia Spy, 7 October 1848. Watermark "Owen & Hurlbut, So Lee, Mass." South Lee, Massachusetts.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1848
Creation Date
1848
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Welsh, Thomas
Clay, Henry
Polk, James Knox
Taylor, Zachary
Subjects
Political campaigns
Presidents--Election
Speeches, addresses, etc.
Search Terms
Political campaigns
Presidential elections
Speeches
Extent
1 item, 4 pages to scan
Object Name
Draft
Language
English
Condition
Fair
Condition Notes
Slight tears and discoloration on the edges; faded ink; condition fair.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesC_F01
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesC
Other Numbers
TW-C-48-01
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesC
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/21/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F14
Date Range
1848/09/00
  1 document     4 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten letter from Thomas Welsh to an unidentified addressee. Letter contains a detailed description of Welsh's experiences in the war and his wound at Buena Vista along with an objective analysis of the relative strengths and weaknesses of the US and Mexican armies in general and in the battles of Buena Vista and Molino Del Rey. It is unclear whether this letter was written in September 1847 or 1848, but contents indicates that it was most likely written in 1848.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1848/09/00
Creation Date
1848/07/01
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Welsh, Thomas
Taylor, Zachary
Santa Anna
Subjects
Agua Nueva (Saltillo, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Mexico)
Buena Vista, Battle of, Mexico, 1847
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Buenavista (Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico)
Wounds and injuries
Molino del Rey, Battle of, Mexico, 1847
Letters
Search Terms
Buenavista, Mexico
Saltillo, Mexico
Wounds and injuries
Mexican War
Buena Vista, Battle of
Battle casualties
Molino del Rey, Mexico
Aqua Nueva, Mexico
Molino del Rey, Battle of
Letters
Correspondence
Extent
1 item, 4 pages to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Notes
Very good condition, with some discoloration along fold lines and along the edge.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F14
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB
Other Numbers
TW-B-48-09
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesB
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/21/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F01
Date Range
1846/08/07
  1 document     2 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Incomplete letter, written by Thomas Welsh to his brother, William, and dated Camp Rio Grande, August 7, 1846. Details his enlistment and deployment to Mexico upon the outbreak of war.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men.
Welsh lost his father at the age of 2, and went to work to support his family at age 8. He had very little formal schooling, and was largely self-educated. In 1843, at age 19, he left Lancaster County for Washington City, then went west as an itinerant carpenter/laborer to Cincinnati, Little Rock, and Fort Smith.
When the Mexican War broke out in 1846, he enlisted in a Kentucky regiment, and was severely wounded at the battle of Buena Vista (1847) from which he never fully recovered. Returning home to Columbia, he re-enlisted as a second lieutenant, assigned to the 11th U.S. infantry regiment in Mexico City. Within days of his arrival in Mexico City, he was declared unfit for service on account of his battle wound, and sent home again.
Back in Columbia as a civilian, he dabbled in politics, and received a patronage job in the Pennsylvania Main Line of Public Works (the rail and canal system connecting Philadelphia and Pittsburgh). After several years, he opened up a grocery and dry goods store in Columbia's canal basin. He also became an insurance agent. In 1857, he was elected Justice of the Peace, and his reputation grew as a community leader. By 1860, he was president of the Borough Council, a founding member of the Columbia Board of Trade, Vice President of the Columbia Cricket Club, and a canal boat operator, in addition to a dry goods merchant, insurance agent, and Justice of the Peace. He had a wife, 5 surviving children, and legal guardianship of his sister's 4 children.
When Confederate forces shelled Fort Sumter, marking the beginning of the Civil War, Thomas Welsh raised and organized the first company of volunteers from Lancaster County, and took them into the field as their Captain. Within days, he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the regiment, which served out its 90-day enlistment in the Shenandoah Valley.
Returning to Harrisburg, he was appointed Commandant of Camp Curtin, the problem-plagued processing center for new recruits. In short order, Welsh cleaned up the camp's poor sanitary conditions, improved the health of the camp, and implemented soldierly discipline and training.
In October 1861, he resigned from his camp duties, and as Colonel of the 45th Pennsylvania, led his regiment into the field. After brief service outside of Washington, they were sent to South Carolina in December, where they were posted to Otter Island. After the battle of James Island, they were recalled to Newport News, in July 1862, then sent to guard Aquia Creek.
In September, now in brigade command in Burnsides' 9th Corps, Welsh chased Lee's Confederate army west into central Maryland. His brigade broke the enemy line in Fox's Gap, on Sept. 14, then 3 days later achieved the furthest Union advance at Antietam, reaching the edge of Sharpsburg, and nearly cutting off Lee's only avenue of escape. Welsh's gallantry earned him a field promotion to brigadier general, which Congress confirmed on March 13, 1863.
The 9th Corps (Welsh now in command of the 1st Division) was sent west in the spring of 1863, then dispatched south to support Grant's investment of Vicksburg. After Vicksburg fell, they turned east and defeated Confederate General Johnston at the Battle of Jackson. Welsh contracted malaria in the southern swamps, and died in Cincinnati upon their return north. One of his men later recalled, "Had he lived, Welsh would undoubtedly have attained a much higher command. 1
1. Beauge, Eugene, in Albert, Allen D., Ed., History of the Forty-Fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteer Infantry 1861-1865, Williamsport, PA: Grit Publ. Co, 1912, p. 79.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1846/08/07
Creation Date
1846/08/07
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Taylor, Zachary
Welsh, Thomas
Welsh, William
Subjects
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Cincinnati (Ohio)
Louisville (Ky.)
New Orleans (La.)
Brazos Island (Tex.)
Mexico
Letters
Personal correspondence
La Burrita (Tampaulipas, Mexico)
Search Terms
Mexican War
United States Army
Recruiting and enlistment
Cincinnati, Ohio
Louisville, Kentucky
New Orleans, Louisiana
Brazos Santiago Island, Texas
Mexico
Letters
Correspondence, Personal
La Burrita, Mexico
Extent
1 item, 2 pages to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Fair
Condition Notes
Torn along one fold; otherwise good.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F01
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB
Other Numbers
TW-B-46-01
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesB
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/19/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
James Buchanan Family Papers, Part 1 James Buchanan
Object ID
JBFP 1.1.1.033
Date Range
1848/06/11
  2 documents     4 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
James Buchanan Family Papers, Part 1 James Buchanan
Description
Letter from James Buchanan to Christian Buchanan, Esq. asking that an outstanding judgment against Col. Stambaugh be revived. Buchanan wants his name left out of any resolution if it would raise opposition. He wants to protect General Cass. Comments disapprovingly of General Taylor’s prospects for carrying the state. Washington.
Custodial History
The James Buchanan Family Papers were collected by the James Buchanan Foundation for the Preservation of Wheatland. This collection was relocated from the Wheatland mansion to the LancasterHistory archives in the Spring of 2009. Digitization of the James Buchanan Family Papers was funded by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, PHMC Appl ID # 201808013051, 2019-2020.
Date Range
1848/06/11
Creator
Buchanan, James, 1791-1868
People
Bachman, Christian
Buchanan, James
Cass, Lewis
Stambaugh, Samuel C.
Taylor, Zachary
Subjects
Letters
Presidential elections
Judgments
Search Terms
Letters
Correspondence
Legal matters
Judgments
Presidential elections
James Buchanan
Buchanan Collections
James Buchanan Presidential Library
Extent
1 item, 4 pages to scan, 8 x 10 in.
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Accession Number
JBMS1995.207
Object ID
JBFP 1.1.1.033
Parent Object ID
JBFP Part 1 Series 1
Other Number
JBFP Part 1, Series 1, Subseries 1, Folder 33
Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Room
Archives South
Container
JBFP Part 1, Box 1
Associated Material
James Buchanan Papers, Dickinson College Archives & Special Collections,
http://archives.dickinson.edu/collection-descriptions/james-buchanan-papers
James Buchanan and Harriet Lane Johnston Papers, Library of Congress,
https://www.loc.gov/collections/james-buchanan-and-harriet-lane-johnston-papers/
James Buchanan Papers, Historical Society of Pennsylvania,
http://www2.hsp.org/collections/manuscripts/b/Buchanan0091.html
James Buchanan Papers, Penn State University Libraries,
https://libraries.psu.edu/findingaids/1458.htm
Related Item Notes
James Buchanan Family Papers
MG-96 James Buchanan Collection
Historical Society of Pennsylvania microfilm
Photograph collections
Curatorial collections
Wheatland Mansion
Notes
May 2020 PastPerfect Conversion
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pa.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
James Buchanan Family Papers, Part 1 James Buchanan
Object ID
JBFP 1.1.1.048
Date Range
1851/06/26
  2 documents     4 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
James Buchanan Family Papers, Part 1 James Buchanan
Description
Letter from James Buchanan to Edward H. Pendleton acknowledging receipt of his note and accompanying music. In the folder is a sheet containing portraits of Zachary Taylor, Millard Fillmore, Franklin Pierce and James Buchanan which were published in London. Wheatland, near Lancaster.
Custodial History
The James Buchanan Family Papers were collected by the James Buchanan Foundation for the Preservation of Wheatland. This collection was relocated from the Wheatland mansion to the LancasterHistory archives in the Spring of 2009. Digitization of the James Buchanan Family Papers was funded by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, PHMC Appl ID # 201808013051, 2019-2020.
Date Range
1851/06/26
Creator
Buchanan, James, 1791-1868
People
Buchanan, James
Fillmore, Millard
Pendleton, Edward H.
Pierce, Franklin
Taylor, Zachary
Subjects
Letters
Portraits
Sheet music
Politicians
Presidents--United States
Search Terms
Letters
Correspondence
Portraits
Sheet music
Politicians
Presidents
James Buchanan
Buchanan Collections
James Buchanan Presidential Library
Extent
2 items, 4 pages to scan, 3 x 8 in.
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Accession Number
JBMS1995.379
Object ID
JBFP 1.1.1.048
Parent Object ID
JBFP Part 1 Series 1
Other Number
JBFP Part 1, Series 1, Subseries 1, Folder 48
Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Room
Archives South
Container
JBFP Part 1, Box 1
Associated Material
James Buchanan Papers, Dickinson College Archives & Special Collections,
http://archives.dickinson.edu/collection-descriptions/james-buchanan-papers
James Buchanan and Harriet Lane Johnston Papers, Library of Congress,
https://www.loc.gov/collections/james-buchanan-and-harriet-lane-johnston-papers/
James Buchanan Papers, Historical Society of Pennsylvania,
http://www2.hsp.org/collections/manuscripts/b/Buchanan0091.html
James Buchanan Papers, Penn State University Libraries,
https://libraries.psu.edu/findingaids/1458.htm
Related Item Notes
James Buchanan Family Papers
MG-96 James Buchanan Collection
Historical Society of Pennsylvania microfilm
Photograph collections
Curatorial collections
Wheatland Mansion
Notes
May 2020 PastPerfect Conversion
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pa.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
James Buchanan Family Papers, Part 7 Jonathan Messersmith Foltz
Object ID
JBFP 7.1.1.004
Date Range
1846/05/14
  2 documents     6 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
James Buchanan Family Papers, Part 7 Jonathan Messersmith Foltz
Description
Letter to James Buchanan from J. M. Foltz which goes into more detail about the current situation in Texas and Mexico, including Foltz’s departure from the area. Fort Polk—Point Isabel Texas. Sketch of the location of various military positions in Mexico and Texas during the Mexican-American War, by J. M. Foltz. Shows General Taylor’s position, the Road to Point Isabel, Matamoros on the Mexican side of the Rio Grande, and Fort Polk on Point Isabel. Foltz also makes notations of the batteries, specific battlegrounds and squadrons.
Custodial History
The James Buchanan Family Papers were collected by the James Buchanan Foundation for the Preservation of Wheatland. This collection was relocated from the Wheatland mansion to the LancasterHistory archives in the Spring of 2009. Digitization of the James Buchanan Family Papers was funded by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, PHMC Appl ID # 201808013051, 2019-2020.
Date Range
1846/05/14
Creator
Foltz, Jonathan Messersmith, 1810-1877
People
Foltz, Jonathan Messersmith
Buchanan, James
Taylor, Zachary
Subjects
Maps
Drawings
Matamoros (Coahuila, Mexico)
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Rio Grande (Colo.-Mexico and Tex.)
Point Isabel (Tex.)
Letters
Search Terms
Correspondence
Letters
Maps
Drawings
Fort Polk
Point Isabel, Texas
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Rio Brava
Rio Grande
Matamoros, Coahuila, Mexico
James Buchanan
Buchanan Collections
James Buchanan Presidential Library
Extent
2 items, 6 pages to scan, 8 x 10 in. and 8 x 10 in.
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Accession Number
JBMS1995.720
Object ID
JBFP 7.1.1.004
Parent Object ID
JBFP Part 7 Series 1
Other Number
JBFP Part 7, Series 1, Subseries 1, Folder 4
Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Room
Archives South
Container
JBFP Part 7, Box 1
Associated Material
James Buchanan Papers, Dickinson College Archives & Special Collections,
http://archives.dickinson.edu/collection-descriptions/james-buchanan-papers
James Buchanan and Harriet Lane Johnston Papers, Library of Congress,
https://www.loc.gov/collections/james-buchanan-and-harriet-lane-johnston-papers/
James Buchanan Papers, Historical Society of Pennsylvania,
http://www2.hsp.org/collections/manuscripts/b/Buchanan0091.html
James Buchanan Papers, Penn State University Libraries,
https://libraries.psu.edu/findingaids/1458.htm
Related Item Notes
James Buchanan Family Papers
MG-96 James Buchanan Collection
Historical Society of Pennsylvania microfilm
Photograph collections
Curatorial collections
Wheatland Mansion
Notes
May 2020 PastPerfect Conversion
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pa.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
James Buchanan Family Papers, Part 7 Jonathan Messersmith Foltz
Object ID
JBFP 7.1.1.011
Date Range
1847/11/15
  2 documents     4 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
James Buchanan Family Papers, Part 7 Jonathan Messersmith Foltz
Description
Letter to James Buchanan from J. M. Foltz providing more information about potential candidates and their stances or opinions, specifically the establishment of a Taylor-focused paper. Lancaster, Pa.
Custodial History
The James Buchanan Family Papers were collected by the James Buchanan Foundation for the Preservation of Wheatland. This collection was relocated from the Wheatland mansion to the LancasterHistory archives in the Spring of 2009. Digitization of the James Buchanan Family Papers was funded by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, PHMC Appl ID # 201808013051, 2019-2020.
Date Range
1847/11/15
Creator
Foltz, Jonathan Messersmith, 1810-1877
People
Foltz, Jonathan Messersmith
Buchanan, James
Taylor, Zachary
Subjects
Political campaigns
Political candidates
Letters
Search Terms
Correspondence
Letters
Political candidates
Political campaigns
James Buchanan
Buchanan Collections
James Buchanan Presidential Library
Extent
1 item, 4 pages to scan, 21 x 13.5 cm.
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Accession Number
JBMS1995.727
Object ID
JBFP 7.1.1.011
Parent Object ID
JBFP Part 7 Series 1
Other Number
JBFP Part 7, Series 1, Subseries 1, Folder 11
Location
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, PA
Room
Archives South
Container
JBFP Part 7, Box 1
Associated Material
James Buchanan Papers, Dickinson College Archives & Special Collections,
http://archives.dickinson.edu/collection-descriptions/james-buchanan-papers
James Buchanan and Harriet Lane Johnston Papers, Library of Congress,
https://www.loc.gov/collections/james-buchanan-and-harriet-lane-johnston-papers/
James Buchanan Papers, Historical Society of Pennsylvania,
http://www2.hsp.org/collections/manuscripts/b/Buchanan0091.html
James Buchanan Papers, Penn State University Libraries,
https://libraries.psu.edu/findingaids/1458.htm
Related Item Notes
James Buchanan Family Papers
MG-96 James Buchanan Collection
Historical Society of Pennsylvania microfilm
Photograph collections
Curatorial collections
Wheatland Mansion
Notes
May 2020 PastPerfect Conversion
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pa.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
Wheatland Collection
Object ID
W.03.30.1
Collection
Wheatland Collection
Description
Lithograph of 8 Democratic Presidents. Head shots. Martin Van Buren William Henry Harrison Franklin Pierce Zachary Taylor Millard Fillmore John Tyler James Polk James Buchanan Written in pencil in top right corner: '$2'
Provenance
Unknown - found in collection.
Year Range From
1
Year Range To
1
Made By
American Bank Note Co.
People
Buchanan, James
Fillmore, Millard
Tyler, John
Polk, James
Van Buren, Martin
Taylor, Zachary
Harrison, William Henry
Pierce, Franklin
Subcategory
Need to Classify
Object Name
Lithograph
Material
Paper
Makers Mark
American Bank Note Co.
Height (cm)
2.35
Width (cm)
1.43
Condition
Good
Condition Date
2003-07-08
Accession Number
W.03.30.1
Object ID
W.03.30.1
Notes
Stored in flat file.
Place of Origin
New York
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F02
Date Range
No date
  1 document     2 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Description of the moments before the start of the Battle of Buena Vista, by Thomas Welsh; obviously intended as a prelude; exudes his romantic belief in the glory and honor of war.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men.
Welsh lost his father at the age of 2, and went to work to support his family at age 8. He had very little formal schooling, and was largely self-educated. In 1843, at age 19, he left Lancaster County for Washington City, then went west as an itinerant carpenter/laborer to Cincinnati, Little Rock, and Fort Smith.
When the Mexican War broke out in 1846, he enlisted in a Kentucky regiment, and was severely wounded at the battle of Buena Vista (1847) from which he never fully recovered. Returning home to Columbia, he re-enlisted as a second lieutenant, assigned to the 11th U.S. infantry regiment in Mexico City. Within days of his arrival in Mexico City, he was declared unfit for service on account of his battle wound, and sent home again.
Back in Columbia as a civilian, he dabbled in politics, and received a patronage job in the Pennsylvania Main Line of Public Works (the rail and canal system connecting Philadelphia and Pittsburgh). After several years, he opened up a grocery and dry goods store in Columbia's canal basin. He also became an insurance agent. In 1857, he was elected Justice of the Peace, and his reputation grew as a community leader. By 1860, he was president of the Borough Council, a founding member of the Columbia Board of Trade, Vice President of the Columbia Cricket Club, and a canal boat operator, in addition to a dry goods merchant, insurance agent, and Justice of the Peace. He had a wife, 5 surviving children, and legal guardianship of his sister's 4 children.
When Confederate forces shelled Fort Sumter, marking the beginning of the Civil War, Thomas Welsh raised and organized the first company of volunteers from Lancaster County, and took them into the field as their Captain. Within days, he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the regiment, which served out its 90-day enlistment in the Shenandoah Valley.
Returning to Harrisburg, he was appointed Commandant of Camp Curtin, the problem-plagued processing center for new recruits. In short order, Welsh cleaned up the camp's poor sanitary conditions, improved the health of the camp, and implemented soldierly discipline and training.
In October 1861, he resigned from his camp duties, and as Colonel of the 45th Pennsylvania, led his regiment into the field. After brief service outside of Washington, they were sent to South Carolina in December, where they were posted to Otter Island. After the battle of James Island, they were recalled to Newport News, in July 1862, then sent to guard Aquia Creek.
In September, now in brigade command in Burnsides' 9th Corps, Welsh chased Lee's Confederate army west into central Maryland. His brigade broke the enemy line in Fox's Gap, on Sept. 14, then 3 days later achieved the furthest Union advance at Antietam, reaching the edge of Sharpsburg, and nearly cutting off Lee's only avenue of escape. Welsh's gallantry earned him a field promotion to brigadier general, which Congress confirmed on March 13, 1863.
The 9th Corps (Welsh now in command of the 1st Division) was sent west in the spring of 1863, then dispatched south to support Grant's investment of Vicksburg. After Vicksburg fell, they turned east and defeated Confederate General Johnston at the Battle of Jackson. Welsh contracted malaria in the southern swamps, and died in Cincinnati upon their return north. One of his men later recalled, "Had he lived, Welsh would undoubtedly have attained a much higher command. 1
1. Beauge, Eugene, in Albert, Allen D., Ed., History of the Forty-Fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteer Infantry 1861-1865, Williamsport, PA: Grit Publ. Co, 1912, p. 79.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
No date
Creation Date
No date
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Taylor, Zachary
Washington, George
Wool, John Ellis
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Buena Vista, Battle of, Mexico, 1847
Essays
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Buenavista (Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico)
Search Terms
Buenavista, Mexico
Saltillo, Mexico
Essays
Mexican War
Buena Vista, Battle of
Extent
1 item, 2 pages to scan
Object Name
Narrative
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Notes
Some stains, but generally good.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F02
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB
Other Numbers
TW-B-47-02
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesB
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/19/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
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