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Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-63_F19
Date Range
No date
  1 document     1 image  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten autobiography of Brigadier General Thomas Welsh. Mentions his birth in May 1824 and his military career beginning with his enlistment during the Mexican War through October 1861. Although undated, this was clearly written after November 29, 1862 when he was brevetted to Brigadier (more likely it was written shortly before or after he was commissioned in March 1863). Written in the third person. One page. Note: This is the third biography included in this collection, see also MG0828_SeriesA_F01 It01 and MG0828_SeriesD-62_F06.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Date Range
No date
Creation Date
No date
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Polk, James Knox
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Autobiography
Columbia (Pa.)
Washington (D.C.)
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Buena Vista, Battle of, Mexico, 1847
Camp Curtin (Pa.)
Harrisburg (Pa.)
Search Terms
Autobiography
Columbia
Buena Vista, Battle of
Harrisburg
Camp Curtin, Pennsylvania
Washington, D.C.
Mexican War
Civil War
Extent
1 item, 2 pages to scan
Object Name
Biography
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Date
2020-08-17
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-63_F19
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-63
Other Numbers
TW-D-63-19
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesD-63
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/27/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesE_F05
Date Range
No date
  1 document     4 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten account of the life and military career of Thomas Welsh by Blanton Welsh. Discusses the role of his mother Annie in keeping the family together and the careers of himself and three of his siblings: Mary, Lilian, and Thomas Anna.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Date Range
No date
Creation Date
No date
Creator
Welsh, Blanton Charles, 1860-1939
People
Welsh, Addie
Welsh, Alice
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young
Welsh, Blanton Charles
Welsh, Mary Young "Mazie"
Welsh, Lilian
Welsh, Thomas Anna
Welsh, Thomas
Welsh, Charles
Welsh, Nancy Daugherty
Taylor, Zachary
Scott, Winfield
Willcox, Orlando Bolivar
Blanton, Dr.
Subjects
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Vicksburg (Miss.)--History--Siege, 1863
Antietam, Battle of, Md., 1862
South Mountain, Battle of, Md., 1862
Columbia (Pa.)
Fort Smith (Ark.)
Mexico City (Mexico)
Cincinnati (Ohio)
Monterrey (Mexico)
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Pittsburgh (Pa.)
Harrisburg (Pa.)
United States. Army
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Search Terms
Biography
Columbia
Philadelphia
Pittsburgh
Cincinnati, Ohio
Fort Smith, Arkansas
Buena Vista, Battle of
Monterrey, Mexico
Mexico City, Mexico
Harrisburg
South Mountain, Battle of
Antietam, Battle of
Vicksburg, Seige of
Family history
Mexican War
Civil War
Safe Harbor, Conestoga Twp.
Extent
1 item, 8 pages to scan
Object Name
Biography
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Date
2020-08-20
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesE_F05
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesE
Other Numbers
TW-E-XX-01
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesE
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/29/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F11
Date Range
1848/05/03
  1 document     2 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten copy evidently written by Thomas Welsh of a certificate signed by the regimental surgeon in support his application for a leave of absence related to the leg wound he received at Buena Vista. Name of surgeon is not in the document.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1848/05/03
Creation Date
1848/05/03
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Buena Vista, Battle of, Mexico, 1847
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Wounds and injuries
United States. Army--Leaves and furloughs
Search Terms
Mexican War
Buena Vista, Battle of
Wounds and injuries
Leave of absence
Extent
1 item, 2 pages to scan
Object Name
Certificate
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Notes
Stain in lower right corner. Condition good.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F11
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB
Other Numbers
TW-B-48-06
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesB
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/21/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F03
Date Range
1847
  1 document     2 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten draft or copy of a pension application for the disability of his leg wound. Written by Thomas Welsh in longhand describing in detail the leg wound he received at Buena Vista. Undated and unsigned, but evidently written in the spring of 1847. Narrative includes dates of June 9, 1846 and February 23, 1847.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1847
Creation Date
1847
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Cutter, George Washington
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Buena Vista, Battle of, Mexico, 1847
Pensions--United States
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Buenavista (Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico)
Battle casualties
Wounds and injuries
Search Terms
Buenavista, Mexico
Saltillo, Mexico
Pensions
Mexican War
Buena Vista, Battle of
Battle casualties
Wounds and injuries
Extent
1 item, 2 pages to scan
Object Name
Certificate
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Notes
Some stains, but generally good.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F03
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB
Other Numbers
TW-B-47-10
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesB
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/19/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-63_F30
Date Range
1863/08/15
  1 document     1 image  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Newspaper article, "Death of General Welsh," notes that he died at the residence of Charles O. Lockard as a result of disease contracted during the Vicksburg campaign and the pursuit of General Johnston. Article recounts his military career, that he always served with distinction, and notes that he will be buried in Columbia, Lancaster County.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Date Range
1863/08/15
Creation Date
1863/08/15
Creator
Cincinnati daily times (Cincinnati, Ohio)
People
Lockard, Charles O.
Burnside, Ambrose Everett
Parke, John Grubb
Willcox, Orlando Bolivar
Johnston, Joseph Eggleston
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Cincinnati daily times (Cincinnati, Ohio)
South Mountain, Battle of, Md., 1862
Antietam, Battle of, Md., 1862
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Buena Vista, Battle of, Mexico, 1847
Obituaries
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Death
Vicksburg (Miss.)--History--Siege, 1863
Search Terms
Obituaries
Cincinnati Daily Times
Antietam, Battle of
South Mountain, Battle of
Civil War
Mexican War
Buena Vista, Battle of
Death
Vicksburg, Seige of
Extent
1 item, 1 page to scan
Object Name
Clipping, Newspaper
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Date
2020-08-18
Condition Notes
Good condition, some loss around edges.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-63_F30
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-63
Other Numbers
TW-D-63-30
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesD-63
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/27/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesF_F05
Date Range
1847/04/07
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Pages 1 and 2 from The Dollar Newspaper (Philadelphia, PA), April 7, 1847. Contains news of the battles and soldiers of the Mexican War, poetry and original stories, and other news. "The Traitor and the Feigned Deserter: A Tale of the American Revolution," by Jeremy Skylight. "Battle of Buena Vista," "From Vera Cruz," death announcement of Lieut. Col. Henry Clay, "Mortality among Immigrants," an account of the capture of a slave ship, US Army news, a list of casualties, and a reprinted letter from President James K. Polk. Dollar Newspaper. 1847.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Organized by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1847/04/07
Creation Date
1847/04/07
Creator
Dollar newspaper (Philadelphia, Pa.)
People
Clay, Henry
Polk, James Knox
Subjects
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Veracruz (Veracruz-Llave, Mexico)
Dollar newspaper (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
Search Terms
Buena Vista, Battle of
Veracruz, Mexico
Mexican War
Dollar Newspaper (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
Newspaper clippings
Extent
1 item, 2 pages to scan
Object Name
Clipping, Newspaper
Language
English
Condition
Poor
Condition Date
2020-11-07
Condition Notes
Poor condition. Frayed edges, tears, and poorly repaired.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesF_F05
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesF
Other Numbers
TW-F-XX-21a
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesF
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 2
Notes
Added to PP 12/29/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F14
Date Range
1848/09/00
  1 document     4 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten letter from Thomas Welsh to an unidentified addressee. Letter contains a detailed description of Welsh's experiences in the war and his wound at Buena Vista along with an objective analysis of the relative strengths and weaknesses of the US and Mexican armies in general and in the battles of Buena Vista and Molino Del Rey. It is unclear whether this letter was written in September 1847 or 1848, but contents indicates that it was most likely written in 1848.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1848/09/00
Creation Date
1848/07/01
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Welsh, Thomas
Taylor, Zachary
Santa Anna
Subjects
Agua Nueva (Saltillo, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Mexico)
Buena Vista, Battle of, Mexico, 1847
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Buenavista (Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico)
Wounds and injuries
Molino del Rey, Battle of, Mexico, 1847
Letters
Search Terms
Buenavista, Mexico
Saltillo, Mexico
Wounds and injuries
Mexican War
Buena Vista, Battle of
Battle casualties
Molino del Rey, Mexico
Aqua Nueva, Mexico
Molino del Rey, Battle of
Letters
Correspondence
Extent
1 item, 4 pages to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Notes
Very good condition, with some discoloration along fold lines and along the edge.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F14
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB
Other Numbers
TW-B-48-09
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesB
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/21/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F02
Date Range
No date
  1 document     2 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Description of the moments before the start of the Battle of Buena Vista, by Thomas Welsh; obviously intended as a prelude; exudes his romantic belief in the glory and honor of war.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men.
Welsh lost his father at the age of 2, and went to work to support his family at age 8. He had very little formal schooling, and was largely self-educated. In 1843, at age 19, he left Lancaster County for Washington City, then went west as an itinerant carpenter/laborer to Cincinnati, Little Rock, and Fort Smith.
When the Mexican War broke out in 1846, he enlisted in a Kentucky regiment, and was severely wounded at the battle of Buena Vista (1847) from which he never fully recovered. Returning home to Columbia, he re-enlisted as a second lieutenant, assigned to the 11th U.S. infantry regiment in Mexico City. Within days of his arrival in Mexico City, he was declared unfit for service on account of his battle wound, and sent home again.
Back in Columbia as a civilian, he dabbled in politics, and received a patronage job in the Pennsylvania Main Line of Public Works (the rail and canal system connecting Philadelphia and Pittsburgh). After several years, he opened up a grocery and dry goods store in Columbia's canal basin. He also became an insurance agent. In 1857, he was elected Justice of the Peace, and his reputation grew as a community leader. By 1860, he was president of the Borough Council, a founding member of the Columbia Board of Trade, Vice President of the Columbia Cricket Club, and a canal boat operator, in addition to a dry goods merchant, insurance agent, and Justice of the Peace. He had a wife, 5 surviving children, and legal guardianship of his sister's 4 children.
When Confederate forces shelled Fort Sumter, marking the beginning of the Civil War, Thomas Welsh raised and organized the first company of volunteers from Lancaster County, and took them into the field as their Captain. Within days, he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the regiment, which served out its 90-day enlistment in the Shenandoah Valley.
Returning to Harrisburg, he was appointed Commandant of Camp Curtin, the problem-plagued processing center for new recruits. In short order, Welsh cleaned up the camp's poor sanitary conditions, improved the health of the camp, and implemented soldierly discipline and training.
In October 1861, he resigned from his camp duties, and as Colonel of the 45th Pennsylvania, led his regiment into the field. After brief service outside of Washington, they were sent to South Carolina in December, where they were posted to Otter Island. After the battle of James Island, they were recalled to Newport News, in July 1862, then sent to guard Aquia Creek.
In September, now in brigade command in Burnsides' 9th Corps, Welsh chased Lee's Confederate army west into central Maryland. His brigade broke the enemy line in Fox's Gap, on Sept. 14, then 3 days later achieved the furthest Union advance at Antietam, reaching the edge of Sharpsburg, and nearly cutting off Lee's only avenue of escape. Welsh's gallantry earned him a field promotion to brigadier general, which Congress confirmed on March 13, 1863.
The 9th Corps (Welsh now in command of the 1st Division) was sent west in the spring of 1863, then dispatched south to support Grant's investment of Vicksburg. After Vicksburg fell, they turned east and defeated Confederate General Johnston at the Battle of Jackson. Welsh contracted malaria in the southern swamps, and died in Cincinnati upon their return north. One of his men later recalled, "Had he lived, Welsh would undoubtedly have attained a much higher command. 1
1. Beauge, Eugene, in Albert, Allen D., Ed., History of the Forty-Fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteer Infantry 1861-1865, Williamsport, PA: Grit Publ. Co, 1912, p. 79.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
No date
Creation Date
No date
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Taylor, Zachary
Washington, George
Wool, John Ellis
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Buena Vista, Battle of, Mexico, 1847
Essays
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Buenavista (Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico)
Search Terms
Buenavista, Mexico
Saltillo, Mexico
Essays
Mexican War
Buena Vista, Battle of
Extent
1 item, 2 pages to scan
Object Name
Narrative
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Notes
Some stains, but generally good.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB_F02
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesB
Other Numbers
TW-B-47-02
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesB
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/19/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
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