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Collection
Heritage Center Collection
Object ID
G.77.09
Date Range
c. 1800-1820
  1 image  
Collection
Heritage Center Collection
Description
Upholstered wingback commode chair has four turned Sheraton legs. Has replacement of original soiled handsewn homespun linen (remnants in this file), now an orange fabric with potted and vining flower design. Solid pinewood seat under cushion has center hole with fitted removable wooden disc.
This chair was from the Pownall home at Gap, where it was used by Dickinson Gorsuch, Maryland slave owner, during his recovery from wounds sustained during the Christiana Riot of Sept. 11, 1851. His father and two others were killed during the skirmish at the home of freed slave William Parker, and Dickinson was transported to the Pownall home for recovery. William Parker later published his story in the "Atlantic Monthly" in 1866, making it highly publicized.
This incident "is an important example of the struggle over the 1850 Fugitive Slave Act and the escalating tension between the North and the South. This act gave slave owners broad powers to recapture runaway slaves". (ExplorePAhistory.com)
Polaroid photos of chair before re-upholstery, in file.
Provenance
Provenance: Chair owned by the Pownall family & given in 1973 to the Lancaster County Historical Society by Mrs. Levi Pownall of Lancashire Hall (569-7279).
It was initially loaned to the Heritage Center (# L.77.9 and # 161.64.80) but soon donated to HCLC. Board minutes of Dec. 8, 1975 include Richard F. Smith's Museum Committee report noting a donation of a "Sheraton armed wing chair commode, used by the Pownall home in nursing Dickinson Gorsuch following Christiana Riot in 1851." Later unsigned note (Bruce Shoemaker?) states John Aungst of LCHS was consulted & chair was removed 11/9/84 from list on LCHS loan form, settling an apparent question of ownership.
Date Range
c. 1800-1820
Year Range From
1800
Year Range To
1820
Last Owner
Levi Pownall family of Gap
People
Gorsuch, Dickinson
Gorsuch, Edward
Parker, William
Pownall, Levi
Subject
African Americans. History
Free blacks
Slaveholders. Pennsylvania. Lancaster County
Slavery. Pennsylvania. Lancaster County
Search Terms
Christiana Resistance
African-American
Enslavers
Slaveholders
Slavery
Enslaved persons
Slaves
Free persons of color
Object Name
Chair, Commode
Oither Names
Chair, Wing
Material
Wood / Fabric
Height (cm)
119.38
Height (ft)
3.9166666667
Height (in)
47
Width (cm)
78.74
Width (ft)
2.5833333333
Width (in)
31
Condition
Good
Condition Date
2017-07-25
Condition Notes
Reupholstered. Minor wear in fabric; loose stitching, especially on proper right side.
Repaired and reupholstered gratis, April 1980, by The Upholstery Center of Lititz, (Mr. & Mrs. Paul Paes).
Accession Number
G.77.09
Object ID
G.77.09
Location
LHO
Room
DAC
Wall
East
Shelf
Upper
Place of Origin
Likely Lancaster or Chester Co.
Credit
Heritage Center Collection, Gift of LCHS
Images
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Collection
Quarter Sessions
Object ID
JUN 1788 F001 QS
Description Level
Item
Collection
Quarter Sessions
System of Arrangement
Organized by Court of Quarter Sessions term.
Arranged by case number within each term.
Year
1788
People
Starred, William
McFannel, David
Frie, Emanuel
Starred, James
Williams, Thomas
Williams, Benjamin
Subcategory
Documentary Artifact
Search Terms
Quarter Sessions
Recognizance
Persons of color
Enslaved persons
Charge: assault and battery
Charge: horse stealing
Object Name
Documents
Language
English
Condition
Fair
Object ID
JUN 1788 F001 QS
Classification
RG 02-00 0908
Location
Archives
Additional Notes
Recognizance, charged with assault and battery.
Additional name: James Starred.
Second defendant: David McFannel, slave of Emanuel Frie.
Recognizance, charged with stealing a horse belonging to Thomas Williams and Benjamin Williams.
1 item, 1 piece
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Request at Reference Desk; photocopy made by staff member.
Less detail
Collection
Quarter Sessions
Object ID
SEP 1789 F002 QS
Description Level
Item
Collection
Quarter Sessions
System of Arrangement
Organized by Court of Quarter Sessions term.
Arranged by case number within each term.
Year
1789
People
McFlannel, David
McFannel, David
Free, Emanuel
Subcategory
Documentary Artifact
Search Terms
Quarter Sessions
Recognizance
Enslaved persons
Object Name
Documents
Language
English
Condition
Fair
Object ID
SEP 1789 F002 QS
Classification
RG 02-00 0908
Location
Archives
Additional Notes
Or David McFannel.
List of costs.
Recognizance, slave of Emanuel Free.
2 items, 2 pieces
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Request at Reference Desk; photocopy made by staff member.
Less detail
Collection
Quarter Sessions
Object ID
NOV 1789 F016 QS
Description Level
Item
Collection
Quarter Sessions
System of Arrangement
Organized by Court of Quarter Sessions term.
Arranged by case number within each term.
Year
1789
People
Ceasar
Scott, John
Boyd, William
Campbell, James
Subcategory
Documentary Artifact
Search Terms
Quarter Sessions
African-American
Recognizance
Charge: assault and battery
Enslaved persons
Major
Object Name
Documents
Language
English
Condition
Fair
Object ID
NOV 1789 F016 QS
Classification
RG 02-00 0908
Location
Archives
Additional Notes
African-American.
Recognizance, charged with assault and battery.
Servant to Major John Scott.
Additional names: William Boyd, James Campbell.
1 item, 1 piece
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Request at Reference Desk; photocopy made by staff member.
Less detail
Collection
Quarter Sessions
Object ID
FEB 1790 F008 QS
Description Level
Item
Collection
Quarter Sessions
System of Arrangement
Organized by Court of Quarter Sessions term.
Arranged by case number within each term.
Year
1790
People
Ceasar
Scott, John
Boyd, William
Churchman, Thomas
Subcategory
Documentary Artifact
Search Terms
Quarter Sessions
Recognizance
Charge: assault and battery
African-American
Enslaved persons
Little Britain Twp.
Object Name
Documents
Language
English
Condition
Fair
Object ID
FEB 1790 F008 QS
Classification
RG 02-00 0908
Location
Archives
Additional Notes
African-American.
Recognizance, charged with assault and battery.
Slave of John Scott of Little Britain Twp.
Additional names: William Boyd, Thomas Churchman.
1 item, 1 piece
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Request at Reference Desk; photocopy made by staff member.
Less detail
Collection
Quarter Sessions
Object ID
FEB 1790 F010 QS
Description Level
Item
Collection
Quarter Sessions
System of Arrangement
Organized by Court of Quarter Sessions term.
Arranged by case number within each term.
Year
1790
People
Ceasar
Boyd, William
Brown, Jeremiah
Campbell, James
Scott, John
Subcategory
Documentary Artifact
Search Terms
Quarter Sessions
African-American
Recognizance
Charge: assault and battery
Enslaved persons
Object Name
Documents
Language
English
Condition
Fair
Object ID
FEB 1790 F010 QS
Classification
RG 02-00 0908
Location
Archives
Additional Notes
African-American.
Recognizance, charged with assault and battery on William Boyd.
Slave of John Scott.
Additional names: Jeremiah Brown, James Campbell.
1 item, 1 piece
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Request at Reference Desk; photocopy made by staff member.
Less detail
Collection
Quarter Sessions
Object ID
MAY 1791 F004 QS
Description Level
Item
Collection
Quarter Sessions
System of Arrangement
Organized by Court of Quarter Sessions term.
Arranged by case number within each term.
Year
1791
People
Leferty, Jean
Lafferty, Jean
McAntier, William
Sall
Subcategory
Documentary Artifact
Search Terms
Quarter Sessions
African-American
Recognizance
Charge: harboring an enslaved person
Charge: stealing
Drumore Twp.
Enslaved persons
Object Name
Documents
Language
English
Condition
Fair
Object ID
MAY 1791 F004 QS
Classification
RG 02-00 0908
Location
Archives
Additional Notes
Or Jean Lafferty.
Of Drumore Twp.
Recognizance, charged with harboring slaves of William McAntier and stealing goods.
Note: that she married the slave "Sall", the marriage was performed by another slave.
1 item, 1 piece
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Request at Reference Desk; photocopy made by staff member.
Less detail
Collection
Quarter Sessions
Object ID
NOV 1791 F006 QS
Description Level
Item
Collection
Quarter Sessions
System of Arrangement
Organized by Court of Quarter Sessions term.
Arranged by case number within each term.
Year
1791
People
Jo
Joseph
Scott, John
Gibson, William
Boyd, John
Gibson, John Sr.
Subcategory
Documentary Artifact
Search Terms
Quarter Sessions
African-American
Recognizance
Charge: stealing
Enslaved persons
Little Britain Twp.
Object Name
Documents
Language
English
Condition
Fair
Object ID
NOV 1791 F006 QS
Classification
RG 02-00 0908
Location
Archives
Additional Notes
Or Joseph.
African-American.
Recognizance, charged with stealing property of John Scott, slave of William Gibson of Little Britain Twp.
Additional names: John Boyd, John Gibson Sr.
1 item, 1 piece
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Request at Reference Desk; photocopy made by staff member.
Less detail
Collection
Habeas Corpus Papers
Object ID
Habeas 1800 F002
Description Level
Item
Collection
Habeas Corpus Papers
Description
A writ of habeas corpus is a procedure for obtaining a judicial determination of the legality of an individual's custody. This collection includes petitions for writs of habeas corpus and the writs themselves, showing the names of petitioners, persons to be brought to court, nature of dispute or alleged crime, dates of writs and accompanying documents, names of judges, and names of persons that the writs are filed against. Petitioners include indentured servants, runaway slaves, free African-Americans, convicted prisoners, those awaiting trial, relatives of prisoners, parties in child custody disputes, and relatives of army recruits and draftees. Arranged chronologically by date of filing. Handwritten, handwritten on printed forms, and a very few typewritten.
System of Arrangement
Arranged chronologically by date of filing.
Date of Accumulation
1800-1894, 1896, 1897
Year
1800
Creator
Prothonotary's Office
People
David
Smoker, Christian
Subcategory
Documentary Artifact
Search Terms
African-American
Enslaved persons
Farmers
Habeas corpus
Extent
8 cubic feet
Object Name
Documents
Language
English
Condition
Fair
Object ID
Habeas 1800 F002
Case Number
3.000
Classification
RG 01-00 2313
Location
Archives
Container
001
Box Number
001
Associated Material
Lancaster County Archives has Habeas Corpus dockets:
1799-1978, ten volumes, record of writs of Habeas Corpus written.
1895-1983, 43 boxes, original petitions.
Additional Notes
African-American.
Slave.
Filed against: Smoker, Christian. His occupation: farmer.
Habeas corpus, includes answer.
1 item, 1 piece
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Restricted use of original. A photocopy will be made for patron use.
Less detail
Collection
Habeas Corpus Papers
Object ID
Habeas 1800 F004
Description Level
Item
Collection
Habeas Corpus Papers
Description
A writ of habeas corpus is a procedure for obtaining a judicial determination of the legality of an individual's custody. This collection includes petitions for writs of habeas corpus and the writs themselves, showing the names of petitioners, persons to be brought to court, nature of dispute or alleged crime, dates of writs and accompanying documents, names of judges, and names of persons that the writs are filed against. Petitioners include indentured servants, runaway slaves, free African-Americans, convicted prisoners, those awaiting trial, relatives of prisoners, parties in child custody disputes, and relatives of army recruits and draftees. Arranged chronologically by date of filing. Handwritten, handwritten on printed forms, and a very few typewritten.
System of Arrangement
Arranged chronologically by date of filing.
Date of Accumulation
1800-1894, 1896, 1897
Year
1800
Creator
Prothonotary's Office
People
Oliver, Peter
Lehnert, Peter
Subcategory
Documentary Artifact
Search Terms
African-American
Enslaved persons
Bill of sale
Affidavits
Habeas corpus
Discharge papers
Extent
8 cubic feet
Object Name
Documents
Language
English
Condition
Fair
Object ID
Habeas 1800 F004
Case Number
5.000
Classification
RG 01-00 2313
Location
Archives
Container
001
Box Number
001
Associated Material
Lancaster County Archives has Habeas Corpus dockets:
1799-1978, ten volumes, record of writs of Habeas Corpus written.
1895-1983, 43 boxes, original petitions.
Additional Notes
African-American.
Slave.
Filed against: Lehnert, Peter.
Bill of sale.
Affidavit.
Habeas corpus, includes answer and decision.
Discharge paper.
4 items, 4 pieces
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Restricted use of original. A photocopy will be made for patron use.
Less detail

49 records – page 1 of 5.