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Abraham H. Good family papers

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo17211
Author
Good, Abraham H.
Call Number
MG-542, Archives South
  1 website  
Author
Good, Abraham H.
Physical Description
.25 cubic ft.
Summary
This collection contains letters written to Abraham and Dianna Good, including correspondence during the Civil War. There are also business papers of Mr. Good.
Rights
May not be photocopied.
Notes
Finding aid available at LancasterHistory.org.
Subjects
Letters - Pennsylvania - Lancaster County.
Family records - Pennsylvania - Lancaster County.
United States - History - Civil War, 1861-1865.
Location
Lancaster History Archive - Manuscript Group
Call Number
MG-542, Archives South
Websites
Less detail

The Adam Reigart collection

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo12723
Author
Reigart, Adam.
Call Number
MG-122, Archives South
  1 website  
Author
Reigart, Adam.
Physical Description
.5 cubic ft.
Arrangement of Material
Organized by subject.
Summary
This local merchant's collection includes many items related to his business. They include his licenses to sell wines and spirits, his postage accounts, financial and legal transactions, many orders for wines and spirits, correspondence, statements, an invoice, and numerous receipts. There is also a stock certificate and some items relating to his household.
Rights
May not be photocopied.
Notes
Finding aid is available at LancasterHistory.org.
Subjects
Business records - Pennsylvania - Lancaster County.
Family records - Pennsylvania - Lancaster County.
Letters.
Stock certificates - Pennsylvania - Lancaster County.
Location
Lancaster History Archive - Manuscript Group
Call Number
MG-122, Archives South
Websites
Less detail

Alice Ferree Todd papers

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo19149
Author
Todd, Alice Ferree,
Call Number
MG-698, Archives South
  1 website  
Author
Todd, Alice Ferree,
Physical Description
1 cu. ft.
Summary
This collection contains 119 letters and documents listed to Alice Ferree Todd (1845-1930), previously held at the Brinckerhoff estate in Fishkill, NY. The majority of the letters are from Alice Ferree Todd to her husband Moses Hampton Todd (1945-1935). The remaining are correspondences between Alice and her family (sisters and other relatives) as well as mortgages/deeds signed by James Barr Ferree, Alice's father.
Rights
May not be photocopied.
Notes
Finding aid is available at LancasterHistory.org.
Subjects
Letters.
Family records. - Pennsylvania.
Location
Lancaster History Archive - Manuscript Group
Call Number
MG-698, Archives South
Websites
Less detail

Amazing Grace / letters to the editor

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo11302
Author
Behrens, Grace E. ,
Date of Publication
2002.
Call Number
809.6 B421
Responsibility
by Grace E. Behrens.
Author
Behrens, Grace E. ,
Place of Publication
[Lancaster, Pa.]
Publisher
Unitarian Universalist Church of Lancaster, Pa. :
Date of Publication
2002.
Physical Description
96 p. : cover ill. ; 22 cm.
Notes
Includes letters about Grace Behrens by other letter writers John W.W. Loose, Jeannet Pitz, John Fry, Ralph Lindsay and G. Denlinger Cox.
The letters of Grace E. Behrens found in this book were previously published all or in part by Lancaster Newspapers, Inc.
Subjects
Behrens, Grace E.
Letters to the editor - Pennsylvania - Lancaster .
Additional Author
Jackson, Paula E.
Location
Lancaster History Library - Lancaster County
Call Number
809.6 B421
Less detail

An abridgment of the laws of Pennsylvania, from the year one thousand seven hundred, to the second day of April, one thousand eight hundred and eleven. : With references to reports of judicial decisions in the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo21067
Corporate Author
Pennsylvania.
Date of Publication
1811.
Call Number
Bookk 306 1811
Responsibility
By John Purdon, Junr.
Corporate Author
Pennsylvania.
Place of Publication
Philadelphia
Publisher
Published by Farrand, Hopkins, Zantzinger, and Company. Fry and Kammerer, printers.,
Date of Publication
1811.
Physical Description
xxxi, [1], 637, [1] p. ; 24 cm.
Notes
Copyright Oct. 25, 1811 by Farrand, Hopkins, Zantzinger and Company.
Last page blank.
"The Constitution of the United States of America."--p. [vii]-xviii.
"The Constitution of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania."--p. [xix]-xxxi.
"Report of the judges of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania of the English statutes, which are in force in the commonwealth of Pennsylvania; and of those of the said statutes which, in their opinion, ought to be incorporated into the statute laws of the said commonwealth."--p. [562]-585. Signed on p. 585: Wm. Tilghman. J. Yeates. Thomas Smith. H.H. Brackenridge. December 14, 1808.
"Index."--p. [587]-637.
Jasper Yeates's Colonial Law Library.
Yeates's signature at top of title page.
Book number 306 as assigned by Yeates.
Shaw, R.R. American bibliography,
Subjects
Law - Pennsylvania - Digests.
Annotations and citations (Law) - Pennsylvania.
Constitutions - United States.
Constitutions - Pennsylvania.
Annotations and citations (Law)
Constitutions.
Law.
Pennsylvania.
United States.
Leather bindings (Binding)
Blind tooled leather (Binding)
Fillet tools (Binding)
Lettering pieces (Binding)
Gold tooled leather (Binding)
Digests.
Full blind-tooled leather (Binding)
Gilt title on maroon spine label (Binding)
Additional Author
Purdon, John,
Yeates, Jasper,
Additional Corporate Author
Pennsylvania. Supreme Court.
United States.
Pennsylvania.
Farrand, Hopkins, Zantzinger, and Co.,
Fry and Kammerer,
Place
United States Pennsylvania Philadelphia.
Location
Lancaster History Library - Yeates Collection
Call Number
Bookk 306 1811
Less detail

The Andrew J. Steinman collection

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo3768
Author
Steinman, Andrew J.
Call Number
MG-66, Archives South
  1 website  
Author
Steinman, Andrew J.
Physical Description
1.75 cubic ft.
Summary
This collection contains the personal and business papers of the Steinman family. Andrew J. was a lawyer. His wife was the daughter of John M. Hale, also a lawyer, and the collection includes some of his correspondence. Most of the collection is legal records and correspondence of Andrew J. There is a also a daybook for the John F. Steinman Hardware Store, 1811-1819.
Rights
May not be photocopied.
Notes
Finding aid is available at LancasterHistory.org.
Subjects
Hale, John M.
Lancaster Broadcasting Service (Pa.) - WKJC.
Mason-Dixon Radio Group.
Steinman Hardware Company (Lancaster, Pa.).
Lancaster Intelligencer (Pa.).
Family records.
Business records - Pennsylvania - Lancaster County.
Hardware stores - Pennsylvania - Lancaster County.
United States
Letters.
Location
Lancaster History Archive - Manuscript Group
Call Number
MG-66, Archives South
Websites
Less detail

The annexation of greater Lancaster, Manheim Township

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo18151
Author
Groff, John M.
Call Number
MG 434, Box 024, Archives South, Book 1, The annexation of great
MG 434, Box 025, Archives South, Book 2, The annexation of great
  1 website  
Responsibility
compiled by John M. Groff.
Author
Groff, John M.
Physical Description
2 volumes.
Arrangement of Material
Book 1, The annexation of greater Lancaster, Manheim Township, 1947-1952. Book 2, The annexation of greater Lancaster, Manheim Township, 1947-1952.
Notes
Please fill out a call slip for viewing.
Finding aid available at LancasterHistory.org.
Summary
These scrapbooks address the development of Manheim Township. There is a variety of correspondence discussing the boundary lines between Greater Lancaster and Manheim Township and the impact they would have on the community. The books show the debates between Kendig C. Bare with Simplex Paper Box Corporation and John M. Groff with Armstrong Cork Company. The newspaper clippings give a wider community view of the complex problems in developing new boundary lines, including taxes and education.
Rights
May not be photocopied.
Subjects
Bare, Kendig C.
Simplex Paper Box Corporation.
Armstrong World Industries.
Letters.
Scrapbooks.
Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
Lancaster County (Pa.) - History, local.
Lancaster (Pa.)
Manheim Township (Lancaster County, Pa.)
Location
Lancaster History Archive - Manuscript Group
Call Number
MG 434, Box 024, Archives South, Book 1, The annexation of great
MG 434, Box 025, Archives South, Book 2, The annexation of great
Websites
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828
Date Range
1839-1932
Description Level
Fonds
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
The General Thomas Welsh Family Papers is a collection of original correspondence, official documents, and ephemera. Many of the papers were created by or directed to Thomas Welsh between approximately 1843 and his death in 1863. They provide glimpses into his youth, his experiences in the Mexican War, his life in Columbia between the wars, and his rise in rank to Brigadier General during the Civil War.
The collection contains correspondence with his wife and family from 1861-1863. There are also official correspondence and documents related to Welsh's military service, autobiographical pieces, correspondence following his death, obituaries, and family papers into the early twentieth century. Other items in the collection include genealogy pages from the family bible, photographic images of Thomas Welsh and family members, two scrapbooks, newspaper issues and newspaper clippings, written notes from recollections of one of Welsh's daughter, and a biographical sketch of Welsh written by his son.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men.
Welsh lost his father at the age of 2, and went to work to support his family at age 8. He had very little formal schooling, and was largely self-educated. In 1843, at age 19, he left Lancaster County for Washington City, then went west as an itinerant carpenter/laborer to Cincinnati, Little Rock, and Fort Smith.
When the Mexican War broke out in 1846, he enlisted in a Kentucky regiment, and was severely wounded at the battle of Buena Vista (1847) from which he never fully recovered. Returning home to Columbia, he re-enlisted as a second lieutenant, assigned to the 11th U.S. infantry regiment in Mexico City. Within days of his arrival in Mexico City, he was declared unfit for service on account of his battle wound, and sent home again.
Back in Columbia as a civilian, he dabbled in politics, and received a patronage job in the Pennsylvania Main Line of Public Works (the rail and canal system connecting Philadelphia and Pittsburgh). After several years, he opened up a grocery and dry goods store in Columbia's canal basin. He also became an insurance agent. In 1857, he was elected Justice of the Peace, and his reputation grew as a community leader. By 1860, he was president of the Borough Council, a founding member of the Columbia Board of Trade, Vice President of the Columbia Cricket Club, and a canal boat operator, in addition to a dry goods merchant, insurance agent, and Justice of the Peace. He had a wife, 5 surviving children, and legal guardianship of his sister's 4 children.
When Confederate forces shelled Fort Sumter, marking the beginning of the Civil War, Thomas Welsh raised and organized the first company of volunteers from Lancaster County, and took them into the field as their Captain. Within days, he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the regiment, which served out its 90-day enlistment in the Shenandoah Valley.
Returning to Harrisburg, he was appointed Commandant of Camp Curtin, the problem-plagued processing center for new recruits. In short order, Welsh cleaned up the camp's poor sanitary conditions, improved the health of the camp, and implemented soldierly discipline and training.
In October 1861, he resigned from his camp duties, and as Colonel of the 45th Pennsylvania, led his regiment into the field. After brief service outside of Washington, they were sent to South Carolina in December, where they were posted to Otter Island. After the battle of James Island, they were recalled to Newport News, in July 1862, then sent to guard Aquia Creek.
In September, now in brigade command in Burnsides' 9th Corps, Welsh chased Lee's Confederate army west into central Maryland. His brigade broke the enemy line in Fox's Gap, on Sept. 14, then 3 days later achieved the furthest Union advance at Antietam, reaching the edge of Sharpsburg, and nearly cutting off Lee's only avenue of escape. Welsh's gallantry earned him a field promotion to brigadier general, which Congress confirmed on March 13, 1863.
The 9th Corps (Welsh now in command of the 1st Division) was sent west in the spring of 1863, then dispatched south to support Grant's investment of Vicksburg. After Vicksburg fell, they turned east and defeated Confederate General Johnston at the Battle of Jackson. Welsh contracted malaria in the southern swamps, and died in Cincinnati upon their return north. One of his men later recalled, "Had he lived, Welsh would undoubtedly have attained a much higher command. 1
1. Beauge, Eugene, in Albert, Allen D., Ed., History of the Forty-Fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteer Infantry 1861-1865, Williamsport, PA: Grit Publ. Co, 1912, p. 79.
Custodial History
Almost all of the papers have been passed down through successive generations of Welsh's descendants, from Thomas Welsh's wife and children to his granddaughter, Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin, to her daughter Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. After Nancy Townsend's death, her son Charles Townsend passed them on to his cousin, Richard Wiggin (grandson of Emilie Benson Wiggin) in 2015.
A few papers passed out of the family's possession and found their way into other collections. Richard Abel of Columbia, PA began collecting Welsh papers and artifacts some years ago, and subsequently transferred this collection of Welsh materials to Richard Wiggin in 2012.
System of Arrangement
The collection is arranged in series:
Series A Thomas Welsh before the Mexican War
Series B Mexican War, 1846-1848
Series C Between the Mexican War and the Civil War, 1848-1861
Series D Ciivil War
Series E Post-Civil War
Series F Miscellaneous Family Papers
Date Range
1839-1932
Year Range From
1839
Year Range To
1932
Creator
Wiggin, Richard C.
People
Welsh, Thomas
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young
Welsh, Blanton Charles
Welsh, Effie
Welsh, Lilian
Welsh, Mary Young "Mazie"
Buchanan, James
Subjects
Letters
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Military orders
Military promotions
Personal correspondence
Political campaigns
Presidents--Election
Speeches, addresses, etc.
United States. Army--Military life
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Search Terms
Civil War
Correspondence, Personal
Letters
Mexican War
Military life
Military orders
Military promotions
Political campaigns
Presidential elections
Speeches
United States Army
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Condition
Fair to good
Condition Date
2020-12-18
Condition Notes
Items are in fair to good condition.
Object ID
MG0828
Classification
MG0828
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pa.
Less detail
Collection
James Buchanan Family Papers
Object ID
JBFP Part 8 Series 2
  1 document  
Description Level
Series
Collection
James Buchanan Family Papers
Description
James Buchanan Family Papers, Part 8 Papers of Others (Not Part of the Family), Series 2 contains financial and legal documents. Series 2 includes financial and legal documents within three subseries. Subseries 1 has bills, receipts, ledgers and accounts. Subseries 2 has deeds and land records. Subseries 3 has legal papers.
The financial and legal documents are arranged chronologically, spanning almost 100 years, from 1770 through 1866. The bulk of the items, dated between 1784 and 1790, are promissory notes, receipts of payment and rental slips. There is a large gap between 1790 and 1849. The items from the 1800s include bills of sale, accounts and receipts. The deeds and land records include one hand-drawn survey for an unknown location (1858) and a title report for property in Warren County, New York (1865). The legal papers include documents filed with the courts, transcriptions of a legislative act from Maryland, notes, purchase contract, as well as two foreign documents, possibly a German enlistment record and a Swedish passport, both for Eugene Francois Theodore de la Croix.
Admin/Biographical History
The origination of many of the items contained in this part of the collection are unknown. It is also unclear of the relationship they have with James Buchanan. In the first subseries, there are two names that reappear often from 1770 to 1790, Daniel McCausland and James Crawford. All of these items are either promissory notes, receipts of payment of loans or letters from Daniel to James requesting that he pay a certain sum to the bearer of the note and the reverse would show the receipt of payment of that loan. There is some mention of a Revolutionary War Colonel James Crawford from Lancaster and Daniel addresses one of the notes to "Col. Crawford" so this may be the same individual. (See 8.2.1.001) There is a gap in the receipts and promissory notes from 1790 to 1849. This is also where we see the money on the documents change from pounds and shillings to dollars and cents. There is a bill of sale of the Lancaster Intelligencer newspaper from Edwin W. Hutter by a S. Boyd Hamilton in July 1849, as well as some follow up correspondence regarding that sale. However, in an article published in the Intelligencer on August 7, 1849, Mr. Hutter states that his successor is Captain George Sanderson of Carlisle, Pennsylvania (Lancaster Intelligencer, August 7, 1849, p. 2), which is confirmed in the December 4, 1849 edition which names the editor as "Geo. Sanderson (Lancaster Intelligencer, December 4, 1849, p. 1). The name McCausland reappears in the next subseries for legal papers, however, it is not a William McCausland, Jr. This is in reference to a law suit he filed against James Crawford and William McCausland for money due to him in outstanding rents and profits. There is a deposition notice addressed to "Col. Crawford" so it is likely to be the same James Crawford who had business dealings with Daniel McCausland.
An interesting piece in this subseries is a large transcript of the Court Papers filed in the action by the stockholders of the Marietta & Susquehanna Trading Company against five of their Trustees. The Trustees were entrusted to resolve the company and collect all outstanding debts. However due to a robbery at the bank wherein all of the notes were stolen, they were unable to collect any of the debts. The background of this case is illustrated in Francis Lyman's A Mysterious Bank Robbery (LCHSR 905.748 HSP v. 94, p. 384-385), where it is alleged that one of the Trustees/Defendants, Jacob Grosh, committed the crime. The remaining items are random and vague in the origination and contextual relationship.
1 Ellis, F & Evans, S. (1883). History of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: Everetts & Peck. Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=WsQxAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA52&dq=%22James+Crawford%22+Lancaster,+PA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CDkQ6AEwBWoVChMIhPb155rHyAIVAV0eCh2FDgt6#v=onepage&q=%22James%20Crawford%22%20Lancaster%2C%20PA&f=false
Custodial History
The James Buchanan Family Papers were collected by the James Buchanan Foundation for the Preservation of Wheatland. This collection was relocated from the Wheatland mansion to the LancasterHistory archives in the Spring of 2009. Digitization of the James Buchanan Family Papers was funded by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, PHMC Appl ID # 201808013051, 2019-2020.
System of Arrangement
JBFP Part 8 Series 2 Financial and Legal Documents
Subseries 1 Bills, Receipts, Ledgers, Accounts
Subseries 2 Deeds and Land Records
Subseries 3 Legal Papers
Year Range From
1770
Year Range To
1866
Creator
James Buchanan Foundation for the Preservation of Wheatland (Lancaster, Pa.)
People
Buchanan, James
Cameron, Simon
Curtis, George Ticknor
Drayton, John Grimke
Foltz, Jonathan Messersmith
Foster, Stephen Collins
Foster, Morrison
Johnston, Harriet Lane
Muhlenberg, Henry Augustus
Subjects
Buchanan, James, 1791-1868
Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889
Curtis, George Ticknor, 1812-1894
Drayton, John G. (John Grimke), 1815-1891
Foltz, Jonathan Messersmith, 1810-1877
Foster, Stephen Collins, 1826-1864
Foster, Morrison, 1823-1904
Johnston, Harriet Lane, 1830-1903
Letters
Muhlenberg, Henry A. (Henry Augustus), 1823-1854
Wheatland (Lancaster, Pa.)
Personal correspondence
Search Terms
Correspondence, Personal
Letters
Wheatland
Finding aids
Manuscript groups
Buchanan Collections
James Buchanan Presidential Library
Extent
1 box, 36 folders, 39 items, .5 cubic feet
Object Name
Archive
Language
English, German, Swedish
Object ID
JBFP Part 8 Series 2
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives South
Wall
Side 18
Associated Material
James Buchanan Papers, Dickinson College Archives & Special Collections http://archives.dickinson.edu/collection-descriptions/james-buchanan-papers
James Buchanan and Harriet Lane Johnston Papers, Library of Congress https://www.loc.gov/collections/james-buchanan-and-harriet-lane-johnston-papers/
James Buchanan Papers, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, http://www2.hsp.org/collections/manuscripts/b/Buchanan0091.html
James Buchanan Papers, Penn State University Libraries, https://libraries.psu.edu/findingaids/1458.htm
Archives of Maryland Online. Session Laws 1862. (Vol 532. Pg. 267). Retrieved from: http://aomol.msa.maryland.gov/000001/000532/html/am532--267.html
Related Item Notes
James Buchanan Family Papers
James Buchanan Collection, MG0096
Historical Society of Pennsylvania microfilm
Photograph collections
Curatorial collections
Wheatland Mansion
Charles S. Foltz, Surgeon of the Seas: The Adventurous Life of Surgeon General Jonathan M. Foltz In the Days of Wooden Ships, Told from His Notes of the Moment. Indianapolis, IN: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1931. Call # 923.5 F671f
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available.
Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material. Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61
Date Range
1861
Description Level
Series
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
The fifteen documents in this series cover the year 1861 and consist of letters written by Thomas Welsh to his wife and children describing his experiences as an officer in the Union Army. The series also includes letters written by Welsh's wife and children describing events at home in Columbia. The letters show Welsh to be a devoted husband and father and his family to miss him very much. Welsh raised and organized the first company of volunteers from Lancaster County. The regiment served most of its 90-day enlistment in the Shenandoah Valley from where many of the letters were written. The series also includes a pass for Camp Curtin, Dauphin County where Welsh served as Commandant and a letter from Otter Island, South Carolina where Welsh later served as a Colonel in the 45th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men.
Welsh lost his father at the age of 2, and went to work to support his family at age 8. He had very little formal schooling, and was largely self-educated. In 1843, at age 19, he left Lancaster County for Washington City, then went west as an itinerant carpenter/laborer to Cincinnati, Little Rock, and Fort Smith.
When the Mexican War broke out in 1846, he enlisted in a Kentucky regiment, and was severely wounded at the battle of Buena Vista (1847) from which he never fully recovered. Returning home to Columbia, he re-enlisted as a second lieutenant, assigned to the 11th U.S. infantry regiment in Mexico City. Within days of his arrival in Mexico City, he was declared unfit for service on account of his battle wound, and sent home again.
Back in Columbia as a civilian, he dabbled in politics, and received a patronage job in the Pennsylvania Main Line of Public Works (the rail and canal system connecting Philadelphia and Pittsburgh). After several years, he opened up a grocery and dry goods store in Columbia's canal basin. He also became an insurance agent. In 1857, he was elected Justice of the Peace, and his reputation grew as a community leader. By 1860, he was president of the Borough Council, a founding member of the Columbia Board of Trade, Vice President of the Columbia Cricket Club, and a canal boat operator, in addition to a dry goods merchant, insurance agent, and Justice of the Peace. He had a wife, 5 surviving children, and legal guardianship of his sister's 4 children.
When Confederate forces shelled Fort Sumter, marking the beginning of the Civil War, Thomas Welsh raised and organized the first company of volunteers from Lancaster County, and took them into the field as their Captain. Within days, he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the regiment, which served out its 90-day enlistment in the Shenandoah Valley.
Returning to Harrisburg, he was appointed Commandant of Camp Curtin, the problem-plagued processing center for new recruits. In short order, Welsh cleaned up the camp's poor sanitary conditions, improved the health of the camp, and implemented soldierly discipline and training.
In October 1861, he resigned from his camp duties, and as Colonel of the 45th Pennsylvania, led his regiment into the field. After brief service outside of Washington, they were sent to South Carolina in December, where they were posted to Otter Island. After the battle of James Island, they were recalled to Newport News, in July 1862, then sent to guard Aquia Creek.
In September, now in brigade command in Burnsides' 9th Corps, Welsh chased Lee's Confederate army west into central Maryland. His brigade broke the enemy line in Fox's Gap, on Sept. 14, then 3 days later achieved the furthest Union advance at Antietam, reaching the edge of Sharpsburg, and nearly cutting off Lee's only avenue of escape. Welsh's gallantry earned him a field promotion to brigadier general, which Congress confirmed on March 13, 1863.
The 9th Corps (Welsh now in command of the 1st Division) was sent west in the spring of 1863, then dispatched south to support Grant's investment of Vicksburg. After Vicksburg fell, they turned east and defeated Confederate General Johnston at the Battle of Jackson. Welsh contracted malaria in the southern swamps, and died in Cincinnati upon their return north. One of his men later recalled, "Had he lived, Welsh would undoubtedly have attained a much higher command. 1
1. Beauge, Eugene, in Albert, Allen D., Ed., History of the Forty-Fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteer Infantry 1861-1865, Williamsport, PA: Grit Publ. Co, 1912, p. 79.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
System of Arrangement
The collection is arranged in series:
Series A Thomas Welsh before the Mexican War
Series B Mexican War, 1846-1848
Series C Between the Mexican War and the Civil War, 1848-1861
Series D Ciivil War
Series E Post-Civil War
Series F Miscellaneous Family Papers
Date Range
1861
Creation Date
1861
Creator
Wiggin, Richard C.
People
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Letters
Personal correspondence
Search Terms
Civil War
Letters
Correspondence, Personal
Extent
16 folders
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Condition
Fair to good
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61
Parent Object ID
MG0828
Classification
MG0828
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/23/2020 by HST
Provenance:
Most passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
MG0828_SeriesD-61_F15 is a transcription provided by Dennis Buttacavoli via email. The original is presumed by donor to be in his possession.
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