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Abstract of the laws of Pennsylvania, now in force, relative to the militia. April 20, , 1788

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo21660
Corporate Author
Pennsylvania.
Date of Publication
M. DCC. LXXXVIii. [178*]
Call Number
Book 591 1788
Responsibility
Taken from a digest of John Nicholson, Esquire, comptroller-general for the state of Pennsylvania.
Corporate Author
Pennsylvania.
Place of Publication
Philadelphia
Publisher
Printed and sold by Robert Aitken, at Pope's Head in Market Street.,
Date of Publication
M. DCC. LXXXVIii. [178*]
Physical Description
50 + pages 21 cm.
Notes
LCHO's copy lacks pages 51+.
Jasper Yeates's Colonial Law Library.
Signature of Col. Sam Postlewaite at top of title page.
Signature of John Nicholson at bottom of title page.
Book number 591 as assigned by Yeates.
Subjects
Military law - Pennsylvania.
Pennyslvania - Militia.
Linen cover (Binding)
Spine repaired (Binding)
Additional Author
Yeates, Jasper,
Postlewaite, Samuel,
Nicholson, John,
Aitken, Robert,
Location
Lancaster History Library - Yeates Collection
Call Number
Book 591 1788
Less detail

An act for the Regulation of the Militia of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo16233
Corporate Author
Pennsylvania.
Date of Publication
1802.
Call Number
090 L244ba 1802
Corporate Author
Pennsylvania.
Place of Publication
Lancaster [Pa.]
Publisher
Printed by Francis Bailey,
Date of Publication
1802.
Physical Description
53 p.
Notes
Shaw & Shoemaker,
Subjects
Military law - Pennsylvania.
Pennsylvania - Militia.
Place
United States Pennsylvania Lancaster.
Location
Lancaster History Library - Rare Books
Call Number
090 L244ba 1802
Less detail

An act for the regulation of the militia of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo16901
Corporate Author
Pennsylvania.
Date of Publication
1807.
Call Number
090 L244m 1807
Corporate Author
Pennsylvania.
Place of Publication
Lancaster
Publisher
Printed by John R. Mathews,
Date of Publication
1807.
Physical Description
64 p. ; 18 cm.
Notes
Contains eight plates denoting military formations.
With : Regulations for the order and discipline of the troops of the United States. Lancaster: Printed by John R. Mathews, 1807.
Subjects
Pennsylvania. - Militia.
Military law - Pennsylvania.
Location
Lancaster History Library - Rare Books
Call Number
090 L244m 1807
Less detail

Annual report of the Pennsylvania Commission of Soldiers' Orphan Schools for the Year ending

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo19810
Corporate Author
Pennsylvania Commission of Soldiers' Orphan Schools.
Call Number
974.80061 P412
Alternate Title
Annual report of the superintendent of Soldiers' Orphans of Pennsylvania
Corporate Author
Pennsylvania Commission of Soldiers' Orphan Schools.
Place of Publication
[Harrisburg, Pa.?]
Publisher
State Printer of Pennsylvania
Physical Description
v. : ill. ; 26 cm.
Publication Frequency
Annual
Series
Official document
Notes
Title varies slightly.
Description based on: [1895]/1896.
Subjects
Pennsylvania Commission of Soldiers' Orphan Schools - Periodicals.
Children of military personnel - Pennsylvania - Periodicals.
Location
Lancaster History Library - Book
Call Number
974.80061 P412
Less detail

Annual report of the Pennsylvania Commission of Soldiers' Orphan Schools for the Year ending

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo15330
Corporate Author
Pennsylvania Commission of Soldiers' Orphan Schools.
Call Number
362.732 P415
Corporate Author
Pennsylvania Commission of Soldiers' Orphan Schools.
Place of Publication
[Harrisburg, Pa.?]
Publisher
State Printer of Pennsylvania
Physical Description
v. : ill. ; 26 cm.
Publication Frequency
Annual
Series
Official document
Notes
Title varies slightly.
Description based on: [1895]/1896.
Library has: 1917.
Subjects
Pennsylvania Commission of Soldiers' Orphan Schools - Periodicals.
Children of military personnel - Pennsylvania - Periodicals.
Location
Lancaster History Library - Book
Call Number
362.732 P415
Less detail
Collection
Military Records of Charles A. Meisenberger
Object ID
MG0782
Date Range
1894-1942
  1 document  
Description Level
Fonds
Collection
Military Records of Charles A. Meisenberger
Description
The Military Records for Charles A. Meisenberger contain the military materials and paperwork, documenting the career Charles A. Meisenberger had in the Army, from 1898 to 1938, when he was last discharged. Meisenberger served in the Spanish American War, the China Insurrection, the Mexican War, and World War I. This collection contains, letters from the War Department, photographs of Meisenberger and his gravestone, Honorable Discharge certificates, obituaries, and other military information.
Admin/Biographical History
Charles A. Meisenberger was born on December 18, 1874. He served in the military for 40 years, and served during the Spanish American War, the China Insurrection, the Mexican War, and World War I. Meisenberger was married to Mary E. Buch before they eventually divorced. Together they had three children: Charles A. Jr., Vintage, Paul A. and Catherine Mary. He passed away on October 5, 1941 at the age of 66.
Custodial History
Processed and finding aid prepared by EM, February 2019.
Date Range
1894-1942
Creation Date
1894-1942
Year Range From
1894
Year Range To
1942
Date of Accumulation
1894-1942
Creator
Meisenberger, Charles A., 1874-1941
People
Meisenberger, Charles A.
Buch, Mary E.
Strickler, Daniel Bursk
Subjects
World War, 1914-1918
Letters
United States. Army
Photographs
Military discharge
Search Terms
World War, 1914-1918
Letters
Correspondence
United States Army
Photographs
Military discharge
Manuscript groups
Finding aids
World War I
Extent
1 box, 1 folder, 21 items, 32 pages, .5 cubic feet
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Date
2019-03-05
Object ID
MG0782
Other Numbers
MG-782
Classification
MG0782
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives South
Wall
Side 15
Related Item Notes
World War I Collection, 1916-1972, MG-45
World War I Papers for Frank Schober, MG-797
World War I Papers of Thomas, James, and Victor Kegel, MG-798
Charles E. Schuler Papers, MG-780
William Barlow Papers, MG-781
William Raymond Elbert Papers, MG-784
Diary Collection, 1836-1978, MG-247
William J. Buch Papers, 1917-1958, MG-658
Access Conditions / Restrictions
No restrictions.
Copyright
Collection may not be photocopied. Please direct questions to Research Center Staff at research@lancasterhistory.org. Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory.
Credit
Military Records of Charles A. Meisenberger (MG-782), Folder #, Insert #, LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pa.
Documents
Less detail
Collection
Lt. General Daniel B. Strickler Collection
Object ID
MG0029
  1 document  
Description Level
Fonds
Collection
Lt. General Daniel B. Strickler Collection
Description
General Strickler was a three star general who served in the Mexican Conflict, World Wars I and II, the Korean War, and the Far East Command in Japan. He was born in Columbia, Pa., educated as a lawyer, and served as Pennsylvania's Republican Lieutenant Governor from 1947-1950. Collection includes military citations and certificates, correspondence when elected, speaking engagements, clubs and organizations, and photographs.
Admin/Biographical History
Daniel Bursk Strickler
Personal Life:
Daniel Bursk Strickler was born on 17 May 1897 in Columbia, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. His parents, Calvin Ruby Strickler and Harriet Bursk Strickler, raised him in Columbia. Strickler married Caroline Grace Bolton on 11 October 1924. Daniel and Caroline Strickler had two children, Nancy Cupper Strickler and Daniel Bursk Strickler, Jr. Daniel Bursk Strickler, Sr. died on 21 June 1992.
Military Career:
Daniel Strickler enlisted in the 4th Pennsylvania Infantry of the Army National Guard under the command of General Edward C. Shannon as a private on 31 January 1916. By April, Strickler was promoted to corporal and in July was assigned to the Mexican Border Conflict as a sergeant. He soon showed his value as a soldier and leader, and in April of 1917 was elected second lieutenant of Company C of the 4th Pennsylvania Infantry of the Army National Guard.
In September, Strickler was promoted once again to first lieutenant, at the same time that Company C became Company B of the 109th Machine Gun Battalion of the 28th Infantry Division of the United States Army. His company was deployed to France in September 1917 during World War I. Strickler served in five French campaigns including the Battle of Argonne Forest, which was when he received his Purple Heart. He obtained several commissions over the next eleven years including captain in 1918, major in 1922 and lieutenant colonel in 1928.
Just seven years after being promoted to colonel, Strickler was sent to France for a second time. He was in command of the 28th Division, Infantry Regiment during World War II. In 1942, he started command with the 109th Unit and then the 110th Unit of the 28th Division. In June of 1944, Strickler and his men landed at Omaha Beach. Strickler commanded troops during the Battle of the Bulge in the following December. He returned to the United States after three years of fighting.
Strickler was presented the honor of brigadier general in March of 1946 and on 24 December 1947, he was promoted to major general. Strickler remained in the Army and served in the Korean War from 1950 to 1953. Afterwards, he served as an advisor for the Army as a diplomat to Korea until his retirement in 1957. Strickler's final commission occurred on 8 February 1960 to lieutenant general. He had been honored many times and received military decorations for valor, heroism, and dedication including three stars.
Education:
Daniel Strickler attended Columbia area public schools until he graduated from Columbia High School in 1916. He was the captain of the track team, president of the junior and senior class, and a member of the baseball and basketball teams. Upon his return from World War I in 1918, Strickler enrolled at Cornell University Law School in Ithaca, New York. He took on many more responsibilities at this stage of his life. Not only did he receive his Bachelor of Laws (LLB) degree in 1922, but he was also a member of various organizations, clubs and teams during his three years at Cornell University. He was captain of the track team and a member of the Senior Honor Society. Strickler was also president of the following organizations: Senior Class, Student Council, Quill and Dagger Society and Alpha Kappa Chapter of the Kappa Sigma Fraternity.
Professional Career:
Daniel Strickler was admitted to the Bar of several courts during the 1920s including Supreme Court of Pennsylvania; Courts of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; Superior Court of Pennsylvania; United States District Court; and United States Supreme Court. He worked with several law firms after obtaining his degree and in 1930, between the births of his two children, he established his own law firm in Lancaster. His legal career was not much different from his military or educational careers. He was involved with various professional organizations such as Pennsylvania Bar Association, Lancaster Bar Association, The American Bar Association, the Blackstonian Club of Lancaster, and the Republican Club. Strickler served as Auditor for Lancaster County from 1927 to 1929 and on a Special Counsel for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania from 1928 to 1930. In 1931, Strickler was elected to the Pennsylvania Legislature to serve in the House of Representatives, thus jump-starting his political career.
Political Career:
The political career of Daniel Strickler brought him several new titles including auditor, special counsel member, representative, commissioner, solicitor, committeeman, delegate and lieutenant governor. He served as a member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives during 1931 and 1932, General and Special Sessions. In 1931, Strickler served as the delegate for Pennsylvania at the National Young Republican Conference in Washington, DC. He was the temporary president of the Young Republican State Committee (YRSC) during 1931 as well. After his temporary appointment, he became an executive committee member of YRSC until 1936 and was also appointed as treasurer from 1934 until 1936.
From April to December of 1932, Strickler became the commissioner of the police department of Lancaster City as a special temporary appointment. During this time, he was in charge of cleaning up the police department and taking a stand against corruption and crime. He was a strong prohibitionist and cleaned up the city. Upon selection, he became the solicitor for Lancaster County, the York-Lancaster Inter-County Bridge Commission, and the Lancaster Municipal Airport from 1933 to 1941. He also served as the Republican County Committeeman for the 1st Precinct, 6th Ward, in Lancaster City until 1941. In 1946, Strickler was elected lieutenant governor of Pennsylvania, which he fulfilled from 1947 until 1950 when he resigned to serve in the Korean War.
Custodial History
Boxes 1-6 were cataloged prior to July 1997. Scrapbooks 1-9 were cataloged in 2008. Added to database 5 September 2017.
System of Arrangement
Boxes 1-6 are organized by subject. Scrapbooks are organized by volume
Book 1: Daniel B. Strickler Scrapbook, Military Records, November 1918-February 1933
Book 2: Daniel B. Strickler Scrapbook, [1919-1922]
Book 3: Daniel B. Strickler Scrapbook, October 1923-January 1947
Book 4: Daniel B. Strickler Scrapbook, April 1932-November 1933
Book 5: Daniel B. Strickler Scrapbook, February 1942-September 1975
Book 6: Daniel B. Strickler Scrapbook, March 1945-January 1947
Book 7: Daniel B. Strickler Scrapbook, January 1947-May 1948
Book 8: Daniel B. Strickler Scrapbook, January 1947-October 1950
Book 9: Daniel B. Strickler Scrapbook, January 1958-March 1958
Creation Date
1897-1992
Year Range From
1916
Year Range To
1993
Creator
Strickler, Daniel Bursk
People
Strickler, Daniel B.
Eisenhower, Dwight D.
Eisenhower, Mamie
Bradley, Omar N.
Taylor, Maxwell D.
Taylor, Mrs. Maxwell D.
Clark, Mark
Ridgeway, Matthew B.
Groff, John
Subjects
Cornell University. Law School.
Cornell University--Track and field
College Student Government, Cornell University
Phi Delta Phi
Quill and Dagger Society (Cornell University)
United States. Army Reserves
Swimmandos
Young Men's Christian Association of Lancaster, Pa.
World War, 1914-1918
World War, 1939-1945
Korean War, 1950-1953
Veterans--Pennsylvania--Lancaster County
Politicians--Pennsylvania--Lancaster County
Letters
Mexican Border Conflict
Military Decorations -- United States
Broadsides
Cartoons, political
Scrapbooks
Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
Pennsylvania--Lieutenant Governor (1947-1951 : Strickler)
Lancaster County (Pa.)--History, local
Lancaster (Pa.)
Columbia (Pa.)
Harrisburg (Pa.)
Ithaca (N.Y.)
France
Germany
Mexico
Search Terms
Broadsides
College Student Government, Cornell University
Columbia
Cornell University Law School
Correspondence
France
Germany
Harrisburg
Ithaca, NY
Korean War
Lancaster
Lancaster County
Letters
Lieutenant Governor
Mexican Border Conflict
Mexico
Military decorations
Phi Delta Phi
Political cartoons
Politicians
Quill and Dagger Society (Cornell University)
Scrapbooks
Swimmandos
Track and field
Veterans
World War I
World War II
Young Men's Christian Association
Extent
6 boxes, 54 folders, 9 scrapbooks, 6 cubic feet
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Object ID
MG0029
Other Numbers
MG-29
Other Number
MG-29
Classification
MG0029
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives South
Wall
Side 1
Associated Material
Located at Pennsylvania State Archives:
Daniel B. Strickler Collection, 1916- 1919, 1943- 1957, 1967, & undated, 3 cu. ft., Manuscript Group 356
Related Item Notes
Located in the LancasterHistory.org research library:
Distinguished Military Men: Word Portraits of Eight of Columbia's Finest, by Wayne Von Stetten, Call No. 923.5 V945
Coming of Age in Columbia, by Daniel Bursk Strickler, Call No. 905.748 SM (Oct. 1981)
Memoirs of Lieutenant Governor, Lieutenant General Daniel Bursk Strickler, by Daniel Bursk Strickler, Call No. 923.5 S917
Lancaster Law Library Association, by Daniel Bursk Strickler, esq., Call No. 974.9 L245 v. 39
Soul of America, by Daniel Bursk Strickler, Call No. 974.9 L245 v. 71
Daniel B. Strickler, World War I Diary, by Daniel Bursk Strickler, Call No. 923.5 S917d
25 Cited as Most Influential Lancaster Countians of the Century, by John Ward Willson Loose, Call No. 974.9 L245 v. 102, no. 4
Please see the Curatorial Collection for objects and the Photograph Collection for photographs.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
No restrictions for Boxes 1-6. Please fill out a call slip for viewing.
Scrapbooks:
Book 1: Please make an appointment with the archivist.
Book 2: Please make an appointment with the archivist.
Book 3: Please fill out a call slip for viewing.
Book 4: Please fill out a call slip for viewing.
Book 5: Please fill out a call slip for viewing.
Book 6: Please fill out a call slip for viewing.
Book 7: Please make an appointment with the archivist.
Book 8: Please fill out a call slip for viewing.
Book 9: Please make an appointment with the archivist.
Copyright
Collection may not be photocopied. Please direct questions to Research Center Staff at research@lancasterhistory.org.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Documents
Less detail
Collection
Military Collection
Object ID
MG0078
Date Range
1764-present
  1 document  
Description Level
Fonds
Collection
Military Collection
Description
This collection contains documents beginning with the American Revolution and continuing through the War of 1812, Mexican War, Civil War, World War I, World War II, and the Korean War. There are account books, notes and written letters, vouchers, inspections of camps, receipts of payments, honorable discharge certificates, lists of absentees, envelopes used during the Civil War, and lists of unpaid fines during the service of the Pennsylvania Militia soldiers. There are also newsletters and articles relating to World Wars I and II and the Korean War for advertisement and description of items including the history of the Philadelphia Naval Base.
Custodial History
Processed and finding aid prepared by DD, Summer 2000. Updated by HST, 2010, 2011.
Date Range
1764-present
Date of Accumulation
1764-present
Creator
LancasterHistory (Organization)
People
Alexander, Peter
Andre, John
Andrews, George
Auxer, Jacob
Barton, David R.
Baughman, George
Bausman, Frederick
Bethel, Samuel
Bevins, George
Biddle, George
Bietz, George
Billman, William L.
Bitner, Abraham
Bowers, George
Bowers, Lerina
Bowers, M. F.
Bradd, John
Brant, John
Brenner, Henry
Brush, George
Buchanan, James
Calwell, James
Cassidy, John
Cockley, David
Coleman, Robert
Comstock, Elmo
Comstock, Willard
Conyngham, G.
Cooke, Jacob
Crider, David
Dallas, A. L.
Demuth, William D.
Diffenderfer, Jacob
Diller, Adam
Duchman, John H.
Eshleman, John
Eugstler, Philip
Ewing, William
Fulton, Eleanore J.
Gardner, Daniel
Garrison, Lindley M.
Gidy, Peter
Graeff, Matthias
Haerrs, Dane
Hamilton, William
Hamilton, Robert
Hand, Edward
Haughman, George
Hayes, Rutherford Birchard
Heitler, Richard R.
Hiester, Gabriel
Hubley, Adam
Irvine, William
Jackson, Cyrus E.
Jacobs, Barnet
Jameson, Samuel
Johnson, Edward
Johnson, Relief
Johnson, Thomas
Kearns, Christian
Keller, Adam
Kendig, Adam
Kendig, Benjamin F.
King, Alexander
King, Robert, Jr.
Kirkpatrick, William
Kissel, Frederick
Landis, Bertha Cochran
Landis, Charles
Light, John
Lloyd, Thomas
Longenecker, John
Lutz, John
McCarty, Isaiah
McConnel, Abraham
McElhattan, Alexander
McKean, Thomas
McSherry, J. L., III
Megrady, Patrick
Mifflin, Thomas
Morgan, Thomas
Morrison, A. K.
Morrison, Alexander W.
Morrison, Samuel W.
Neal, Thomas
Nicholson, John
Ohlen, John
Paster, Peter
Patterson, James
Price, Rebecca L.
Price, Robert C.
Reigart, Adam
Reigart, Christopher
Reinoehl, Adolphus
Roath, E. D.
Ross, James
Russell, A. L.
Sample, Nathaniel W.
Scarritt, Jeremiah M.
Scott, Hugh
Shippen, Joseph
Skiles, William
Skillings, Charles W.
Smith, John M.
Smith, Richard
Snyder, Eberhart Michael
Snyder, Eugene
Speel, Alexander R.
Strickler, M. M.
Sutherland, Thomas Jefferson
Thompson, R. W.
Wager, Philip
Weller, John
White, John
Witmer, David M.
Witmer, Sarah
Wolf, Joseph
Work, Joseph
Wright, Horatio G.
Zahm, Mary
Zeilin, William F.
Subjects
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
United States--History--War of 1812
Mexican War, 1846-1848
World War, 1914-1918
World War, 1939-1945
Korean War, 1950-1953
Letters
Business records
Programs (Publications)
Search Terms
Business records
Civil War
Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
Correspondence
Discharge certificates
Envelopes
Finding aids
Jackson Riflemen
Korean War
Lancaster Militia
Letters
Manuscript groups
Mexican War
Military history
Military records
Monuments
Newsletters
Pennsylvania Militia
Programs
Receipts
Revolutionary War
Soldiers and Sailors Monument
War of 1812
World War I
World War II
Extent
2 boxes, 25 folders, 1 cubic ft.
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Object ID
MG0078
Other Numbers
MG-78
Other Number
MG-78
Classification
MG0078
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives South
Wall
Side 3
Location of Originals
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Related Item Notes
Curatorial Collection
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Restrictions are noted at the item level.
Copyright
Collection may not be photocopied. Please direct questions to Research Center Staff at research@lancasterhistory.org.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Documents
Less detail
Collection
Revolutionary War Collection
Object ID
MG0098
Date Range
1776-1976
  2 documents  
Description Level
Fonds
Collection
Revolutionary War Collection
Description
The Revolutionary War Collection contains a variety of materials from and about the Revolutionary War in Lancaster County and Pennsylvania. The original records include correspondence, military pay certificates, court records, and an orderly book kept by Lt. Col. Adam Hubley, Jr. during the Sullivan Campaign of 1779. There are also research notes and secondary sources, including a list of prisoners of war, a list of males in Lancaster County in 1776, Continental Hospital Returns 1777-1780, articles, information on soldiers buried in Lancaster County, and an article about John Paul Jones.
Custodial History
Cataloged prior to 1997. Items have been added and the finding aid has been updated since 1997.
Date Range
1776-1976
Creation Date
1776-1976
Year Range From
1776
Year Range To
1976
Creator
LancasterHistory (Organization)
People
Hubley, Adam
Ferree, John
Burd, James
Coedans, James
Chambers, Stephen
Getty, Christian
Cooke, William
Patterson, Alex
Beddulph, Robert
Boyd, John
Zellty, John A.
Reid,George W.
Rapp, Brandon
Moore, William
Joy, Daniel
Neal, James
Gurney, Francis
Porter, Thomas
Worner,William Frederic
Ramsay, David
Jolly, James A.
Kieffer, Henry Martyn
Subjects
Cemeteries
Letters
Military history
Military regulations
Newtown, Battle of, Newtown, N.Y., 1779
Prisoners of war
Soldiers
Stony Point, Battle of, Stony Point, N.Y., 1779
Sullivan's Indian Campaign, 1779
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Campaigns
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Prisoners and prisons
Search Terms
Battle of Newtown, New York
Battle of Stony Point, New York
Cemeteries
Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
Correspondence
Finding aids
Haudenosaunee Confederacy
Letters
Manuscript groups
Military history
Military records
Military regulations
Prisoners of war
Receipts
Revolutionary War
Soldiers
Sullivan Campaign, 1779
Extent
3 boxes, 40 folders, 1.25 cubic ft.
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Object ID
MG0098
Other Numbers
MG-98
Other Number
MG-98
Classification
MG0098
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives South
Wall
Side 3
Notes
Harmful Language Warning: LancasterHistory is committed to preserving and providing access to materials chronicling Lancaster County's heritage. As a historical resource, this orderly book reflects the racial prejudices of the era and the violence perpetrated against the Haudenosaunee Confederacy during the American War of Independence. In order to maintain the historical integrity and context of collection items, LancasterHistory does not censor historical documents or edit language, titles, or organization names when transcribing original content. This volume contains language that is offensive, oppressive, graphic, and may cause distress. LancasterHistory does not condone the use of this language.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
No restrictions. Please use digital images and transcriptions when available.
Copyright
Collection may not be photocopied. Please direct questions to Research Center Staff at research@lancasterhistory.org.Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Revolutionary War Collection (MG-98), Box #, Folder #, LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pa.
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828
Date Range
1839-1932
Description Level
Fonds
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
The General Thomas Welsh Family Papers is a collection of original correspondence, official documents, and ephemera. Many of the papers were created by or directed to Thomas Welsh between approximately 1843 and his death in 1863. They provide glimpses into his youth, his experiences in the Mexican War, his life in Columbia between the wars, and his rise in rank to Brigadier General during the Civil War.
The collection contains correspondence with his wife and family from 1861-1863. There are also official correspondence and documents related to Welsh's military service, autobiographical pieces, correspondence following his death, obituaries, and family papers into the early twentieth century. Other items in the collection include genealogy pages from the family bible, photographic images of Thomas Welsh and family members, two scrapbooks, newspaper issues and newspaper clippings, written notes from recollections of one of Welsh's daughter, and a biographical sketch of Welsh written by his son.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men.
Welsh lost his father at the age of 2, and went to work to support his family at age 8. He had very little formal schooling, and was largely self-educated. In 1843, at age 19, he left Lancaster County for Washington City, then went west as an itinerant carpenter/laborer to Cincinnati, Little Rock, and Fort Smith.
When the Mexican War broke out in 1846, he enlisted in a Kentucky regiment, and was severely wounded at the battle of Buena Vista (1847) from which he never fully recovered. Returning home to Columbia, he re-enlisted as a second lieutenant, assigned to the 11th U.S. infantry regiment in Mexico City. Within days of his arrival in Mexico City, he was declared unfit for service on account of his battle wound, and sent home again.
Back in Columbia as a civilian, he dabbled in politics, and received a patronage job in the Pennsylvania Main Line of Public Works (the rail and canal system connecting Philadelphia and Pittsburgh). After several years, he opened up a grocery and dry goods store in Columbia's canal basin. He also became an insurance agent. In 1857, he was elected Justice of the Peace, and his reputation grew as a community leader. By 1860, he was president of the Borough Council, a founding member of the Columbia Board of Trade, Vice President of the Columbia Cricket Club, and a canal boat operator, in addition to a dry goods merchant, insurance agent, and Justice of the Peace. He had a wife, 5 surviving children, and legal guardianship of his sister's 4 children.
When Confederate forces shelled Fort Sumter, marking the beginning of the Civil War, Thomas Welsh raised and organized the first company of volunteers from Lancaster County, and took them into the field as their Captain. Within days, he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the regiment, which served out its 90-day enlistment in the Shenandoah Valley.
Returning to Harrisburg, he was appointed Commandant of Camp Curtin, the problem-plagued processing center for new recruits. In short order, Welsh cleaned up the camp's poor sanitary conditions, improved the health of the camp, and implemented soldierly discipline and training.
In October 1861, he resigned from his camp duties, and as Colonel of the 45th Pennsylvania, led his regiment into the field. After brief service outside of Washington, they were sent to South Carolina in December, where they were posted to Otter Island. After the battle of James Island, they were recalled to Newport News, in July 1862, then sent to guard Aquia Creek.
In September, now in brigade command in Burnsides' 9th Corps, Welsh chased Lee's Confederate army west into central Maryland. His brigade broke the enemy line in Fox's Gap, on Sept. 14, then 3 days later achieved the furthest Union advance at Antietam, reaching the edge of Sharpsburg, and nearly cutting off Lee's only avenue of escape. Welsh's gallantry earned him a field promotion to brigadier general, which Congress confirmed on March 13, 1863.
The 9th Corps (Welsh now in command of the 1st Division) was sent west in the spring of 1863, then dispatched south to support Grant's investment of Vicksburg. After Vicksburg fell, they turned east and defeated Confederate General Johnston at the Battle of Jackson. Welsh contracted malaria in the southern swamps, and died in Cincinnati upon their return north. One of his men later recalled, "Had he lived, Welsh would undoubtedly have attained a much higher command. 1
1. Beauge, Eugene, in Albert, Allen D., Ed., History of the Forty-Fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteer Infantry 1861-1865, Williamsport, PA: Grit Publ. Co, 1912, p. 79.
Custodial History
Almost all of the papers have been passed down through successive generations of Welsh's descendants, from Thomas Welsh's wife and children to his granddaughter, Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin, to her daughter Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. After Nancy Townsend's death, her son Charles Townsend passed them on to his cousin, Richard Wiggin (grandson of Emilie Benson Wiggin) in 2015.
A few papers passed out of the family's possession and found their way into other collections. Richard Abel of Columbia, PA began collecting Welsh papers and artifacts some years ago, and subsequently transferred this collection of Welsh materials to Richard Wiggin in 2012.
System of Arrangement
The collection is arranged in series:
Series A Thomas Welsh before the Mexican War
Series B Mexican War, 1846-1848
Series C Between the Mexican War and the Civil War, 1848-1861
Series D Ciivil War
Series E Post-Civil War
Series F Miscellaneous Family Papers
Date Range
1839-1932
Year Range From
1839
Year Range To
1932
Creator
Wiggin, Richard C.
People
Welsh, Thomas
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young
Welsh, Blanton Charles
Welsh, Effie
Welsh, Lilian
Welsh, Mary Young "Mazie"
Buchanan, James
Subjects
Letters
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Military orders
Military promotions
Personal correspondence
Political campaigns
Presidents--Election
Speeches, addresses, etc.
United States. Army--Military life
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Search Terms
Civil War
Correspondence, Personal
Letters
Mexican War
Military life
Military orders
Military promotions
Political campaigns
Presidential elections
Speeches
United States Army
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Condition
Fair to good
Condition Date
2020-12-18
Condition Notes
Items are in fair to good condition.
Object ID
MG0828
Classification
MG0828
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Access Conditions / Restrictions
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Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pa.
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