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The agricultural stability of the Old Order Amish and Old Order Mennonites of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo14846
Author
Kollmorgen, Walter M.
Call Number
630.973 K81
Responsibility
by Walter M. Kollmorgen.
Author
Kollmorgen, Walter M.
Physical Description
233-241 p.
Notes
In: The American Journal of Sociology, v.49, no.3 (Nov. 1943)
Subjects
Old Order Amish - Pennsylvania - Lancaster County
Old Order Mennonites - Pennsylvania - Lancaster County
Amish farmers - Pennsylvania - Lancaster County.
Agriculture - Pennsylvania - Lancaster, Pa.
Location
Lancaster History Library - Lancaster County
Call Number
630.973 K81
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The Amish wedding and other special occasions of the Old Order communities

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo17226
Author
Scott, Stephen,
Date of Publication
c1988.
Call Number
289.73 S429a
Responsibility
by Stephen Scott.
ISBN
0934672199 (pbk.)
9780934672191 (pbk.)
Author
Scott, Stephen,
Place of Publication
Intercourse, PA
Publisher
Good Books,
Date of Publication
c1988.
Physical Description
128 p. : ill. ; 22 cm.
Series
A People's Place booklet ; no. 8
Notes
Includes bibliographical references (p. 125-126) and index.
Contents
A Lancaster Amish wedding -- Other wedding practices -- A Woolwich Mennonite baptism -- Choosing a minister : Holmes County Amish -- An Old German Baptist Brethren annual meeting -- Meetings of other groups -- An Amish Sunday in LaGrange County, Indiana -- A Big Valley Amish funeral -- The auction at Bart -- Holidays, family days and working days.
Summary
Discusses the weddings and other special occasions of the Amish and Old Order Mennonite people, answering questions about baptisms, worship services, funeral practices, and holidays.
Subjects
Amish - United States.
Public worship
Marriage service - United States.
Amish.
Public Worship
Old Order Mennonites.
Plain People.
Location
Lancaster History Library - Book
Call Number
289.73 S429a
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Amish women, business sense : Old Order women entrepreneurs in the Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, tourist marketplace

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo22194
Author
Graybill, Beth E.
Date of Publication
2009.
Call Number
358.7082 G784
Responsibility
Beth E. Graybill.
Author
Graybill, Beth E.
Date of Publication
2009.
Physical Description
[2], xi, 291 leaves : illustrations, maps
Notes
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 267-291) and abstract.
Summary
"This dissertation is an examiniation of Amish businessowmen and gender roles in the tourist marketplace of Lancaster County, PA. Tourism in Lancaster is a $1.5 billion business; tourists largely come because of the Amish and values associated with them. Recently, tourism has come to provide an important source of income for many Old Order Mennonite and Amish women, whose business enterprises cater primarily to a tourist market. Among the Amish, known for their separation from wider society, tourism now puts many women on the front lines in dealing with outsiders, a monumental shift historically. Thus, this ethnography of Amish businesswomen serves as a useful lens for examining Amish women's changing gender roles in Lancaster County today." [from the abstract]
Subjects
Amish women - Pennsylvania - Lancaster County.
Old Order Mennonites - Pennsylvania - Lancaster County.
Businesswomen - Pennsylvania - Lancaster County.
Tourism - Pennsylvania - Lancaster County.
Amish women.
Businesswomen.
Economic history.
Old Order Mennonites.
Tourism.
Lancaster County (Pa.) - Economic conditions.
Pennsylvania - Lancaster County.
Academic theses.
Location
Lancaster History Library - Lancaster County
Call Number
358.7082 G784
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An authentic history of the Junior Sons of America, 1847 to 1868, and Patriotic Order Sons of America, 1869 to 1923

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo5438
Author
Stager, Henry John.
Date of Publication
[1925?]
Call Number
369 S774
Responsibility
by Henry John Stager, by John H. Druckemiller as collaborator, and edited and completed by C.H. Shirk.
Author
Stager, Henry John.
Place of Publication
[S.l.]
Publisher
State Camp of Pennsylvania of the Patriotic Order, Sons of America,
Date of Publication
[1925?]
Physical Description
2 v. : ill.
Subjects
Patriotic Order Sons of America. - State Camp of Pennsylvania - History
Additional Author
Druckemiller, John H.,
Shirk, C H
Additional Corporate Author
Patriotic Order Sons of America. State Camp of Pennsylvania
Location
Lancaster History Library - Book
Call Number
369 S774
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An authentic history of the Junior Sons of America, 1847 to 1868, and Patriotic Order Sons of America, 1869 to 1923

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo1864
Author
Stager, Henry John.
Date of Publication
[1925?]
Call Number
369 P314
Responsibility
by Henry John Stager, by John H. Druckemiller as collaborator, and edited and completed by C.H. Shirk.
Author
Stager, Henry John.
Place of Publication
[S.l.]
Publisher
State Camp of Pennsylvania of the Patriotic Order, Sons of America,
Date of Publication
[1925?]
Physical Description
2 v. : ill.
Subjects
Patriotic Order Sons of America. - State Camp of Pennsylvania - History.
Additional Author
Druckemiller, John H.
Shirk, C. H.
Additional Corporate Author
Patriotic Order Sons of America. State Camp of Pennsylvania.
Location
Lancaster History Library - Book
Call Number
369 P314
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An introduction to Old Order Mennonite origins in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania : 1893-1993

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo14965
Author
Weiler, Lloyd M.
Call Number
905.748 PMH v. 16, no.4
Responsibility
by Lloyd M. Weiler.
Author
Weiler, Lloyd M.
Physical Description
p. 2 - 13.
Notes
Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage, v. 16, no. 4 (October 1993).
Subjects
Old Order Mennonites
Mennonites
Location
Lancaster History Library - Periodical Article
Call Number
905.748 PMH v. 16, no.4
Less detail
Corporate Author
Lancaster Lodge No. 299 Loyal Order of Moose.
Date of Publication
1910-.
Call Number
366.6 M825a 40th
Corporate Author
Lancaster Lodge No. 299 Loyal Order of Moose.
Place of Publication
[Lancaster, Pa.]
Publisher
[s.n] ,
Date of Publication
1910-.
Physical Description
v. ; 24 cm.
Notes
Includes advertisements and condensed history .
Library has: 40th (1950) , 48th (1958) , 50th (1960)
Subjects
Loyal Order of Moose. - Lodge # 299 (Lancaster, Pa.) - History.
Location
Lancaster History Library - Lancaster County
Call Number
366.6 M825a 40th
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Annual reunion of the Lodge of Perfection Valley of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, October 19, 1991, Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry for the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction of the U. S. A

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo17094
Corporate Author
Freemasons. Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Scottish Rite. Valley of Lancaster.
Date of Publication
1991.
Call Number
366.1 V187
Corporate Author
Freemasons. Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Scottish Rite. Valley of Lancaster.
Place of Publication
[Lancaster, Pa.]
Date of Publication
1991.
Physical Description
209 p. : port., illus. ; 20 cm.
Subjects
Scottish Rite (Masonic order) - Pennsylvania.
Location
Lancaster History Library - Lancaster County
Call Number
366.1 V187
Less detail
Collection
Lancaster Law and Order Society Collection
Object ID
MG0062
Date Range
1868-1972
  1 document  
Description Level
Fonds
Collection
Lancaster Law and Order Society Collection
Description
Records of an organization founded by business and church leaders to overthrow commercialized vice in Lancaster by sending agents into the community to check for prostitution, obscenity, drinking, and gambling. Collection includes by-laws, minutes, annual reports, treasurers' reports, agents' expenses, reports on findings, correspondence, newspaper clippings, 25 books of agents' on-duty reports, and investigative reports. The Rev. Clifford G. Twombly was identified with this movement, as was the late William H. Hager, department store merchant.
Custodial History
This collection was processed prior to 1997. Added to database 28 September 2017.
Date Range
1868-1972
Year Range From
1868
Year Range To
1972
Date of Accumulation
1868-1972
Creator
Law and Order Society (Lancaster, Pa.)
People
Betts, Peter J.
Hager, William Henderson
Twombly, Clifford Gray
Subjects
Business records
Crime
Gambling
Letters
Prostitution
Sex crimes
Sin
Search Terms
Business records
Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
Correspondence
Crime
Gambling
Law and Order Society
Letters
Newspaper clippings
Prostitution
Reports
Sex crimes
Sin
Vice
Manuscript groups
Finding aids
Extent
8 box, 76 folders, 4.25 cubic ft.
Physical Characteristics
Note: Many of the items in this collection are in poor condition and fragile.
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Condition
Poor
Condition Date
2021-02-09
Object ID
MG0062
Other Numbers
MG-62
Other Number
MG-62
Classification
MG0062
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives South
Wall
Side 2
Location of Originals
LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Access Conditions / Restrictions
No restrictions at this time. However, many of the items in this collection are in poor condition and fragile.
Copyright
Collection may not be photocopied. Please direct questions to Research Center Staff at research@lancasterhistory.org.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Documents
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Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828
Date Range
1839-1932
Description Level
Fonds
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
The General Thomas Welsh Family Papers is a collection of original correspondence, official documents, and ephemera. Many of the papers were created by or directed to Thomas Welsh between approximately 1843 and his death in 1863. They provide glimpses into his youth, his experiences in the Mexican War, his life in Columbia between the wars, and his rise in rank to Brigadier General during the Civil War.
The collection contains correspondence with his wife and family from 1861-1863. There are also official correspondence and documents related to Welsh's military service, autobiographical pieces, correspondence following his death, obituaries, and family papers into the early twentieth century. Other items in the collection include genealogy pages from the family bible, photographic images of Thomas Welsh and family members, two scrapbooks, newspaper issues and newspaper clippings, written notes from recollections of one of Welsh's daughter, and a biographical sketch of Welsh written by his son.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men.
Welsh lost his father at the age of 2, and went to work to support his family at age 8. He had very little formal schooling, and was largely self-educated. In 1843, at age 19, he left Lancaster County for Washington City, then went west as an itinerant carpenter/laborer to Cincinnati, Little Rock, and Fort Smith.
When the Mexican War broke out in 1846, he enlisted in a Kentucky regiment, and was severely wounded at the battle of Buena Vista (1847) from which he never fully recovered. Returning home to Columbia, he re-enlisted as a second lieutenant, assigned to the 11th U.S. infantry regiment in Mexico City. Within days of his arrival in Mexico City, he was declared unfit for service on account of his battle wound, and sent home again.
Back in Columbia as a civilian, he dabbled in politics, and received a patronage job in the Pennsylvania Main Line of Public Works (the rail and canal system connecting Philadelphia and Pittsburgh). After several years, he opened up a grocery and dry goods store in Columbia's canal basin. He also became an insurance agent. In 1857, he was elected Justice of the Peace, and his reputation grew as a community leader. By 1860, he was president of the Borough Council, a founding member of the Columbia Board of Trade, Vice President of the Columbia Cricket Club, and a canal boat operator, in addition to a dry goods merchant, insurance agent, and Justice of the Peace. He had a wife, 5 surviving children, and legal guardianship of his sister's 4 children.
When Confederate forces shelled Fort Sumter, marking the beginning of the Civil War, Thomas Welsh raised and organized the first company of volunteers from Lancaster County, and took them into the field as their Captain. Within days, he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the regiment, which served out its 90-day enlistment in the Shenandoah Valley.
Returning to Harrisburg, he was appointed Commandant of Camp Curtin, the problem-plagued processing center for new recruits. In short order, Welsh cleaned up the camp's poor sanitary conditions, improved the health of the camp, and implemented soldierly discipline and training.
In October 1861, he resigned from his camp duties, and as Colonel of the 45th Pennsylvania, led his regiment into the field. After brief service outside of Washington, they were sent to South Carolina in December, where they were posted to Otter Island. After the battle of James Island, they were recalled to Newport News, in July 1862, then sent to guard Aquia Creek.
In September, now in brigade command in Burnsides' 9th Corps, Welsh chased Lee's Confederate army west into central Maryland. His brigade broke the enemy line in Fox's Gap, on Sept. 14, then 3 days later achieved the furthest Union advance at Antietam, reaching the edge of Sharpsburg, and nearly cutting off Lee's only avenue of escape. Welsh's gallantry earned him a field promotion to brigadier general, which Congress confirmed on March 13, 1863.
The 9th Corps (Welsh now in command of the 1st Division) was sent west in the spring of 1863, then dispatched south to support Grant's investment of Vicksburg. After Vicksburg fell, they turned east and defeated Confederate General Johnston at the Battle of Jackson. Welsh contracted malaria in the southern swamps, and died in Cincinnati upon their return north. One of his men later recalled, "Had he lived, Welsh would undoubtedly have attained a much higher command. 1
1. Beauge, Eugene, in Albert, Allen D., Ed., History of the Forty-Fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteer Infantry 1861-1865, Williamsport, PA: Grit Publ. Co, 1912, p. 79.
Custodial History
Almost all of the papers have been passed down through successive generations of Welsh's descendants, from Thomas Welsh's wife and children to his granddaughter, Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin, to her daughter Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. After Nancy Townsend's death, her son Charles Townsend passed them on to his cousin, Richard Wiggin (grandson of Emilie Benson Wiggin) in 2015.
A few papers passed out of the family's possession and found their way into other collections. Richard Abel of Columbia, PA began collecting Welsh papers and artifacts some years ago, and subsequently transferred this collection of Welsh materials to Richard Wiggin in 2012.
System of Arrangement
The collection is arranged in series:
Series A Thomas Welsh before the Mexican War
Series B Mexican War, 1846-1848
Series C Between the Mexican War and the Civil War, 1848-1861
Series D Ciivil War
Series E Post-Civil War
Series F Miscellaneous Family Papers
Date Range
1839-1932
Year Range From
1839
Year Range To
1932
Creator
Wiggin, Richard C.
People
Welsh, Thomas
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young
Welsh, Blanton Charles
Welsh, Effie
Welsh, Lilian
Welsh, Mary Young "Mazie"
Buchanan, James
Subjects
Letters
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Military orders
Military promotions
Personal correspondence
Political campaigns
Presidents--Election
Speeches, addresses, etc.
United States. Army--Military life
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Search Terms
Civil War
Correspondence, Personal
Letters
Mexican War
Military life
Military orders
Military promotions
Political campaigns
Presidential elections
Speeches
United States Army
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Condition
Fair to good
Condition Date
2020-12-18
Condition Notes
Items are in fair to good condition.
Object ID
MG0828
Classification
MG0828
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pa.
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6272 records – page 1 of 628.