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Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828
Date Range
1839-1932
Description Level
Fonds
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
The General Thomas Welsh Family Papers is a collection of original correspondence, official documents, and ephemera. Many of the papers were created by or directed to Thomas Welsh between approximately 1843 and his death in 1863. They provide glimpses into his youth, his experiences in the Mexican War, his life in Columbia between the wars, and his rise in rank to Brigadier General during the Civil War.
The collection contains correspondence with his wife and family from 1861-1863. There are also official correspondence and documents related to Welsh's military service, autobiographical pieces, correspondence following his death, obituaries, and family papers into the early twentieth century. Other items in the collection include genealogy pages from the family bible, photographic images of Thomas Welsh and family members, two scrapbooks, newspaper issues and newspaper clippings, written notes from recollections of one of Welsh's daughter, and a biographical sketch of Welsh written by his son.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men.
Welsh lost his father at the age of 2, and went to work to support his family at age 8. He had very little formal schooling, and was largely self-educated. In 1843, at age 19, he left Lancaster County for Washington City, then went west as an itinerant carpenter/laborer to Cincinnati, Little Rock, and Fort Smith.
When the Mexican War broke out in 1846, he enlisted in a Kentucky regiment, and was severely wounded at the battle of Buena Vista (1847) from which he never fully recovered. Returning home to Columbia, he re-enlisted as a second lieutenant, assigned to the 11th U.S. infantry regiment in Mexico City. Within days of his arrival in Mexico City, he was declared unfit for service on account of his battle wound, and sent home again.
Back in Columbia as a civilian, he dabbled in politics, and received a patronage job in the Pennsylvania Main Line of Public Works (the rail and canal system connecting Philadelphia and Pittsburgh). After several years, he opened up a grocery and dry goods store in Columbia's canal basin. He also became an insurance agent. In 1857, he was elected Justice of the Peace, and his reputation grew as a community leader. By 1860, he was president of the Borough Council, a founding member of the Columbia Board of Trade, Vice President of the Columbia Cricket Club, and a canal boat operator, in addition to a dry goods merchant, insurance agent, and Justice of the Peace. He had a wife, 5 surviving children, and legal guardianship of his sister's 4 children.
When Confederate forces shelled Fort Sumter, marking the beginning of the Civil War, Thomas Welsh raised and organized the first company of volunteers from Lancaster County, and took them into the field as their Captain. Within days, he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the regiment, which served out its 90-day enlistment in the Shenandoah Valley.
Returning to Harrisburg, he was appointed Commandant of Camp Curtin, the problem-plagued processing center for new recruits. In short order, Welsh cleaned up the camp's poor sanitary conditions, improved the health of the camp, and implemented soldierly discipline and training.
In October 1861, he resigned from his camp duties, and as Colonel of the 45th Pennsylvania, led his regiment into the field. After brief service outside of Washington, they were sent to South Carolina in December, where they were posted to Otter Island. After the battle of James Island, they were recalled to Newport News, in July 1862, then sent to guard Aquia Creek.
In September, now in brigade command in Burnsides' 9th Corps, Welsh chased Lee's Confederate army west into central Maryland. His brigade broke the enemy line in Fox's Gap, on Sept. 14, then 3 days later achieved the furthest Union advance at Antietam, reaching the edge of Sharpsburg, and nearly cutting off Lee's only avenue of escape. Welsh's gallantry earned him a field promotion to brigadier general, which Congress confirmed on March 13, 1863.
The 9th Corps (Welsh now in command of the 1st Division) was sent west in the spring of 1863, then dispatched south to support Grant's investment of Vicksburg. After Vicksburg fell, they turned east and defeated Confederate General Johnston at the Battle of Jackson. Welsh contracted malaria in the southern swamps, and died in Cincinnati upon their return north. One of his men later recalled, "Had he lived, Welsh would undoubtedly have attained a much higher command. 1
1. Beauge, Eugene, in Albert, Allen D., Ed., History of the Forty-Fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteer Infantry 1861-1865, Williamsport, PA: Grit Publ. Co, 1912, p. 79.
Custodial History
Almost all of the papers have been passed down through successive generations of Welsh's descendants, from Thomas Welsh's wife and children to his granddaughter, Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin, to her daughter Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. After Nancy Townsend's death, her son Charles Townsend passed them on to his cousin, Richard Wiggin (grandson of Emilie Benson Wiggin) in 2015.
A few papers passed out of the family's possession and found their way into other collections. Richard Abel of Columbia, PA began collecting Welsh papers and artifacts some years ago, and subsequently transferred this collection of Welsh materials to Richard Wiggin in 2012.
System of Arrangement
The collection is arranged in series:
Series A Thomas Welsh before the Mexican War
Series B Mexican War, 1846-1848
Series C Between the Mexican War and the Civil War, 1848-1861
Series D Ciivil War
Series E Post-Civil War
Series F Miscellaneous Family Papers
Date Range
1839-1932
Year Range From
1839
Year Range To
1932
Creator
Wiggin, Richard C.
People
Welsh, Thomas
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young
Welsh, Blanton Charles
Welsh, Effie
Welsh, Lilian
Welsh, Mary Young "Mazie"
Buchanan, James
Subjects
Letters
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Military orders
Military promotions
Personal correspondence
Political campaigns
Presidents--Election
Speeches, addresses, etc.
United States. Army--Military life
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Search Terms
Civil War
Correspondence, Personal
Letters
Mexican War
Military life
Military orders
Military promotions
Political campaigns
Presidential elections
Speeches
United States Army
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Condition
Fair to good
Condition Date
2020-12-18
Condition Notes
Items are in fair to good condition.
Object ID
MG0828
Classification
MG0828
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact archives@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pa.
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesE_F05
Date Range
No date
  1 document     4 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten account of the life and military career of Thomas Welsh by Blanton Welsh. Discusses the role of his mother Annie in keeping the family together and the careers of himself and three of his siblings: Mary, Lilian, and Thomas Anna.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Date Range
No date
Creation Date
No date
Creator
Welsh, Blanton Charles, 1860-1939
People
Welsh, Addie
Welsh, Alice
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young
Welsh, Blanton Charles
Welsh, Mary Young "Mazie"
Welsh, Lilian
Welsh, Thomas Anna
Welsh, Thomas
Welsh, Charles
Welsh, Nancy Daugherty
Taylor, Zachary
Scott, Winfield
Willcox, Orlando Bolivar
Blanton, Dr.
Subjects
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Vicksburg (Miss.)--History--Siege, 1863
Antietam, Battle of, Md., 1862
South Mountain, Battle of, Md., 1862
Columbia (Pa.)
Fort Smith (Ark.)
Mexico City (Mexico)
Cincinnati (Ohio)
Monterrey (Mexico)
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Pittsburgh (Pa.)
Harrisburg (Pa.)
United States. Army
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Search Terms
Biography
Columbia
Philadelphia
Pittsburgh
Cincinnati, Ohio
Fort Smith, Arkansas
Buena Vista, Battle of
Monterrey, Mexico
Mexico City, Mexico
Harrisburg
South Mountain, Battle of
Antietam, Battle of
Vicksburg, Seige of
Family history
Mexican War
Civil War
Safe Harbor, Conestoga Twp.
Extent
1 item, 8 pages to scan
Object Name
Biography
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Date
2020-08-20
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesE_F05
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesE
Other Numbers
TW-E-XX-01
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesE
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/29/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-62_F19
Date Range
No date
  1 document     2 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten envelope addressed to Miss Lillie Welsh, Box 192, Columbia, Lancaster County, Penn. Plain envelope, no postmark. Oval, cancelled, three-cent George Washington postage stamp, upper right corner. Remnant of red wax seal on reverse.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
No date
Creation Date
No date
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Welsh, Lilian
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Envelopes
Search Terms
Civil War
Envelopes
Extent
1 item, 2 sides to scan
Object Name
Envelope
Language
English
Condition
Fair
Condition Notes
Edges are ragged; stamp is torn; fair condition.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-62_F19
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-62
Other Numbers
TW-D-62-19
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesD-62
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/26/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesF_F03
Date Range
1850-1938
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Genealogy and ephemera from the Welsh family Bible. A portion of The Holy Bible, Kimber & Sharpless' Edition. published in Philadelphia in 1850 by Jesper Harding. The section in this collection consists of 4 and 2/3 chapters of Maccabees I and 15 chapters of Maccabees II, as well as the records of births, deaths, and marriages of family members, beginning with Annie Eunice Young Welsh's parents and running through the death of Annie's daughter-in-law, Emilie Benson Welsh, in 1938. Tucked in the back cover is a notice of a memorial service for Lillian Welsh. Note: The date of the Bible, and the family records it contains suggest that this was acquired by Thomas Welsh and Annie Young when they were married on October 24, 1850.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1850-1938
Creation Date
1850-1938
Year Range From
1850
Year Range To
1938
Creator
Welsh family
People
Young, Samuel
Young, Elizabeth Kline
Welsh, Thomas
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young
Welsh, Alice
Welsh, Mary Young "Mazie"
Welsh, Effie
Welsh, Addie
Welsh, Lilian
Welsh, Blanton Charles
Welsh, Thomas Anna
Welsh, Emilie Benson
Welsh, Thomas Whitney Benson
Welsh, Jennie Loraine Ellis
Wiggin, Emilie Benson Welsh
Wiggin, Paul Felton
Wiggin, Blanton Culver
Wiggin, Nancy Jane
Wiggin, Paul Benson
Subjects
Genealogy
Bible records
Memorial service programs
Search Terms
Genealogy
Bible records
Memorial service programs
Extent
1 item, 52 pages to scan
Object Name
Genealogy
Language
English
Condition
Poor
Condition Date
2020-11-07
Condition Notes
Most of the New and Old Testaments are missing. Binding was removed, the covers are loose, and the pages are held together loosely by binding tape.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesF_F03
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesF
Other Numbers
TW-F-50-01
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesF
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 2
Notes
Added to PP 12/29/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61_F07
Date Range
1861/05/10
  1 document     1 image  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten letter from Thomas Welsh to daughter Alice. From Camp Scott, York County, Pennsylvania. Welsh describes rain and bad weather, his horse falling on him, and instructions to be good and to help her mother. Note: This is the third letter in May that mentions bad weather in early May and the need for soldiers to stay in Rev. Menges' church.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1861/05/10
Creation Date
1861/05/10
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Menges, John Henry
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young
Welsh, Blanton Charles
Welsh, Effie
Welsh, Lilian
Welsh, Mary Young "Mazie"
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Letters
Personal correspondence
Camp Scott (York, Pa.)
Weather
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Search Terms
Letters
Correspondence, Personal
Camp Scott, York, Pennsylvania
Weather
Civil War
Extent
1 item, 1 page to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Poor
Condition Date
2020-12-23
Condition Notes
Letter is pasted into the Thomas Welsh Scrapbook, MG0828_SeriesF_Scrapbk2. Torn, some loss upper right corner.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61_F07
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61
Other Numbers
TW-D-61-07
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesD-61
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Location of Originals
Letter is pasted into the Thomas Welsh Scrapbook, MG0828_SeriesF_Scrapbk2.
Notes
Added to PP 12/23/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61_F09
Date Range
1861/06/03
  1 document     1 image  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten letter from 8-year old Mazie (Mary) to her father, Thomas Welsh. Letter includes news about various family members, including Blanty (Blanton) turning one year old; caring for chickens; and mentions soldiers passing through on way to Chambersburg. Note: Eli Derrick is in service with Thomas Welsh. Mr. Rambo is Captain Ezekiel Rambo of Company F (Shawnee Guards from Columbia).
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1861/06/03
Creation Date
1861/06/03
Creator
Welsh, Mary Young, 1853-1927
People
Derrick, Eli
Hess, Ellie
Rambo, Ezekiel Y.
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young
Welsh, Blanton Charles
Welsh, Lilian
Welsh, Mary Young "Mazie"
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Letters
Personal correspondence
Chickens
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Search Terms
Letters
Correspondence, Personal
Chickens
Civil War
Extent
1 item, 1 page to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Poor
Condition Date
2020-12-26
Condition Notes
Letter is pasted into the Thomas Welsh Scrapbook, MG0828_SeriesF_Scrapbk2.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61_F09
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61
Other Numbers
TW-D-61-09
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesD-61
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Location of Originals
Letter is pasted into the Thomas Welsh Scrapbook, MG0828_SeriesF_Scrapbk2.
Notes
Added to PP 12/26/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61_F10
Date Range
1861/06/10
  1 document     1 image  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten letter from 8-year old Mary (Mazie) to her father, Thomas Welsh. Letter includes family news, excitement over receiving most recent letter, Blanty walking, and an update on the condition of pigs and flowers in the garden. Note: Lillie Appold most likely the daughter of Mr. Appold, who is apparently looking after some of Thomas Welsh's business affairs while he is gone.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1861/06/10
Creation Date
1861/06/10
Creator
Welsh, Mary Young, 1853-1927
People
Appold, Lillie
Dorsey, Mary
Dorsey, Thomas
Welsh, Alice
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young
Welsh, Blanton Charles
Welsh, Lilian
Welsh, Mary Young "Mazie"
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Letters
Personal correspondence
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Search Terms
Letters
Correspondence, Personal
Civil War
Extent
1 item, 1 page to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Poor
Condition Date
2020-12-26
Condition Notes
Letter is pasted into the Thomas Welsh Scrapbook, MG0828_SeriesF_Scrapbk2.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61_F10
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61
Other Numbers
TW-D-61-10
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesD-61
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Location of Originals
Letter is pasted into the Thomas Welsh Scrapbook, MG0828_SeriesF_Scrapbk2.
Notes
Added to PP 12/26/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61_F11
Date Range
1861/06/18
  1 document     2 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten letter from 9-year old Alice to her father. From Columbia. Letter mentions family news, harvesting peas and potatoes from the vegetable garden, an update on condition of the hens, a visit from Uncle Ed, a visit from Uncle David and the gifts he brought, and a fire in Mr. Tupple's shop. Note: Uncle Ed is most likely Annie's brother Edwin Swift Young. Uncle David is most likely David Karmany, who married Annie's sister, Lydia.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1861/06/18
Creation Date
1861/06/18
Creator
Welsh, Alice, 1851-1923
People
Karmany, David Martin
Tupple, Mr.
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young
Welsh, Blanton Charles
Welsh, Effie
Welsh, Lilian
Welsh, Mary Young "Mazie"
Young, Edwin Swift
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Letters
Personal correspondence
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Search Terms
Letters
Correspondence, Personal
Civil War
Extent
1 item, 2 pages to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Poor
Condition Date
2020-12-26
Condition Notes
Letter is pasted into the Thomas Welsh Scrapbook, MG0828_SeriesF_Scrapbk2.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61_F11
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61
Other Numbers
TW-D-61-11
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesD-61
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Location of Originals
Letter is pasted into the Thomas Welsh Scrapbook, MG0828_SeriesF_Scrapbk2.
Notes
Added to PP 12/26/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61_F12
Date Range
1861/07/01
  1 document     2 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten letter from 8-year old Mazie (Mary) to her father, Thomas Welsh. Letter includes news about various family members, visitors, chickens, school, playing house, and canal boat information. Note: Paul Rich is most likely her cousin, son of Thomas Welsh's sister Catherine; Amos Mullen served with Thomas Welsh as 3rd Sergeant in the 2nd Pa. Reg., Co. F.; Ann, Maggie, and Jim are cousins, children of Thomas Welsh's sister, Mary. Mr. Appold is a business associate, helping to take care of Thomas Welsh's business affairs while he is gone.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1861/07/01
Creation Date
1861/07/01
Creator
Welsh, Mary Young, 1853-1927
People
Appold, Mr.
Mullen, Amos
Mullen, Mary
Rich, Paul
Rich, Thomas Leander
Welsh, Alice
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young
Welsh, Effie
Welsh, Lilian
Welsh, Mary Young "Mazie"
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Letters
Personal correspondence
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Search Terms
Letters
Correspondence, Personal
Civil War
Extent
1 item, 2 pages to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Poor
Condition Date
2020-12-26
Condition Notes
Letter is pasted into the Thomas Welsh Scrapbook, MG0828_SeriesF_Scrapbk2.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61_F12
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-61
Other Numbers
TW-D-61-12
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesD-61
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Location of Originals
Letter is pasted into the Thomas Welsh Scrapbook, MG0828_SeriesF_Scrapbk2.
Notes
Added to PP 12/26/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-62_F01
Date Range
1862/05/12
  1 document     2 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten letter from Thomas Welsh to his daughter, Alice and "No.11." From Otter Island, South Carolina. Letter describes his "hope that this rebellion will soon be subdued," but "anxious to go and help take Charleston." Mentions several men in his command who are doing well and that the command as a whole would make Columbia proud.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Custodial History
Cataloged by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
Date Range
1862/05/12
Creation Date
1862/05/12
Creator
Welsh, Thomas, 1824-1863
People
Hinkle, Mrs.
Hostetter, Andrew
Stape, George H.
Stape, Mary Yost
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young
Welsh, Blanton Charles
Welsh, Effie
Welsh, Lilian
Welsh, Thomas
Green, Mr.
Subjects
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Letters
Personal correspondence
Charleston (S.C.)
Otter Islands (S.C.)
Search Terms
Civil War
Letters
Correspondence, Personal
Charleston, South Carolina
Otter Islands, South Carolina
Extent
1 item, 4 pages to scan
Object Name
Letter
Language
English
Condition
Fair
Condition Notes
Stained; discolored; very slight tear along one of the folds.
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-62_F01
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesD-62
Other Numbers
TW-D-62-01
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesD-62
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/26/2020 by HST
Provenance: Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail

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