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Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesE
Date Range
1866-1925
Description Level
Series
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
This collection of eight documents covers the years 1866 through 1925 and consists primarily of recollections by various family members of the life of Thomas Welsh. The series also includes a family history and poems written by Thomas Welsh and his daughter Effie Welsh.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men.
Welsh lost his father at the age of 2, and went to work to support his family at age 8. He had very little formal schooling, and was largely self-educated. In 1843, at age 19, he left Lancaster County for Washington City, then went west as an itinerant carpenter/laborer to Cincinnati, Little Rock, and Fort Smith.
When the Mexican War broke out in 1846, he enlisted in a Kentucky regiment, and was severely wounded at the battle of Buena Vista (1847) from which he never fully recovered. Returning home to Columbia, he re-enlisted as a second lieutenant, assigned to the 11th U.S. infantry regiment in Mexico City. Within days of his arrival in Mexico City, he was declared unfit for service on account of his battle wound, and sent home again.
Back in Columbia as a civilian, he dabbled in politics, and received a patronage job in the Pennsylvania Main Line of Public Works (the rail and canal system connecting Philadelphia and Pittsburgh). After several years, he opened up a grocery and dry goods store in Columbia's canal basin. He also became an insurance agent. In 1857, he was elected Justice of the Peace, and his reputation grew as a community leader. By 1860, he was president of the Borough Council, a founding member of the Columbia Board of Trade, Vice President of the Columbia Cricket Club, and a canal boat operator, in addition to a dry goods merchant, insurance agent, and Justice of the Peace. He had a wife, 5 surviving children, and legal guardianship of his sister's 4 children.
When Confederate forces shelled Fort Sumter, marking the beginning of the Civil War, Thomas Welsh raised and organized the first company of volunteers from Lancaster County, and took them into the field as their Captain. Within days, he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the regiment, which served out its 90-day enlistment in the Shenandoah Valley.
Returning to Harrisburg, he was appointed Commandant of Camp Curtin, the problem-plagued processing center for new recruits. In short order, Welsh cleaned up the camp's poor sanitary conditions, improved the health of the camp, and implemented soldierly discipline and training.
In October 1861, he resigned from his camp duties, and as Colonel of the 45th Pennsylvania, led his regiment into the field. After brief service outside of Washington, they were sent to South Carolina in December, where they were posted to Otter Island. After the battle of James Island, they were recalled to Newport News, in July 1862, then sent to guard Aquia Creek.
In September, now in brigade command in Burnsides' 9th Corps, Welsh chased Lee's Confederate army west into central Maryland. His brigade broke the enemy line in Fox's Gap, on Sept. 14, then 3 days later achieved the furthest Union advance at Antietam, reaching the edge of Sharpsburg, and nearly cutting off Lee's only avenue of escape. Welsh's gallantry earned him a field promotion to brigadier general, which Congress confirmed on March 13, 1863.
The 9th Corps (Welsh now in command of the 1st Division) was sent west in the spring of 1863, then dispatched south to support Grant's investment of Vicksburg. After Vicksburg fell, they turned east and defeated Confederate General Johnston at the Battle of Jackson. Welsh contracted malaria in the southern swamps, and died in Cincinnati upon their return north. One of his men later recalled, "Had he lived, Welsh would undoubtedly have attained a much higher command. 1
1. Beauge, Eugene, in Albert, Allen D., Ed., History of the Forty-Fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteer Infantry 1861-1865, Williamsport, PA: Grit Publ. Co, 1912, p. 79.
Custodial History
Organized by Richard C. Wiggin prior to donation.
System of Arrangement
The collection is arranged in series:
Series A Thomas Welsh before the Mexican War
Series B Mexican War, 1846-1848
Series C Between the Mexican War and the Civil War, 1848-1861
Series D Ciivil War
Series E Post-Civil War
Series F Miscellaneous Family Papers
Date Range
1866-1925
Creation Date
1866-1925
Year Range From
1866
Year Range To
1925
Creator
Wiggin, Richard C.
People
Welsh, Thomas
Subjects
Poetry
Biography
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Letters
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Search Terms
Civil War
Genealogy
Family history
Mexican War
Poetry
Biography
Letters
Extent
8 folders
Object Name
Archive
Language
English
Condition
Poor to excellent
Condition Date
2020-12-29
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesE
Parent Object ID
MG0828
Classification
MG0828
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/29/2020 by HST
Provenance: Most items passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Less detail
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesE_F05
Date Range
No date
  1 document     4 images  
Description Level
Item
Collection
General Thomas Welsh Family Papers
Description
Handwritten account of the life and military career of Thomas Welsh by Blanton Welsh. Discusses the role of his mother Annie in keeping the family together and the careers of himself and three of his siblings: Mary, Lilian, and Thomas Anna.
Admin/Biographical History
Thomas Welsh (1824-1863) was a Lancaster County native (born and raised in Columbia), who rose from hardscrabble origins to local fame, first as a Mexican War hero, and then as a brigadier general during the Civil War. He was well known and well respected as a no nonsense officer, for his leadership and gallantry in battle, for his dedication to the service of his country, and for his concern for the welfare of his men. See MG0828 for more biographical information.
Date Range
No date
Creation Date
No date
Creator
Welsh, Blanton Charles, 1860-1939
People
Welsh, Addie
Welsh, Alice
Welsh, Annie Eunice Young
Welsh, Blanton Charles
Welsh, Mary Young "Mazie"
Welsh, Lilian
Welsh, Thomas Anna
Welsh, Thomas
Welsh, Charles
Welsh, Nancy Daugherty
Taylor, Zachary
Scott, Winfield
Willcox, Orlando Bolivar
Blanton, Dr.
Subjects
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Vicksburg (Miss.)--History--Siege, 1863
Antietam, Battle of, Md., 1862
South Mountain, Battle of, Md., 1862
Columbia (Pa.)
Fort Smith (Ark.)
Mexico City (Mexico)
Cincinnati (Ohio)
Monterrey (Mexico)
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Pittsburgh (Pa.)
Harrisburg (Pa.)
United States. Army
United States—History—Civil War, 1861-1865
Search Terms
Biography
Columbia
Philadelphia
Pittsburgh
Cincinnati, Ohio
Fort Smith, Arkansas
Buena Vista, Battle of
Monterrey, Mexico
Mexico City, Mexico
Harrisburg
South Mountain, Battle of
Antietam, Battle of
Vicksburg, Seige of
Family history
Mexican War
Civil War
Safe Harbor, Conestoga Twp.
Extent
1 item, 8 pages to scan
Object Name
Biography
Language
English
Condition
Good
Condition Date
2020-08-20
Object ID
MG0828_SeriesE_F05
Parent Object ID
MG0828_SeriesE
Other Numbers
TW-E-XX-01
Classification
MG0828
MG0828_SeriesE
Location
LancasterHistory
Room
Archives North
Container
MG0828 Box 1
Notes
Added to PP 12/29/2020 by HST
Provenance: Passed down through the family, Blanton Charles Welsh to Emilie Benson (Welsh) Wiggin to Nancy Jane (Wiggin) Townsend. Acquired from: Chuck Townsend, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2016/05/15.
Access Conditions / Restrictions
Please use digital images and transcriptions when available. Original documents may be used by appointment. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org at least two weeks prior to visit.
Copyright
Images have been provided for research purposes only. Please contact research@lancasterhistory.org for a high-resolution image and permission to publish.
LancasterHistory retains the rights to the digital images and content presented. The doctrine of fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder. Fair use includes comment, criticism, teaching, and private scholarship. Any images and data downloaded, printed or photocopied for these purposes should provide a citation. All other uses beyond those allowed by fair use require written permission.
Permission for reproduction and/or publication must be obtained in writing from LancasterHistory. Some items are photocopies from other collections--researchers must obtain permission for reproduction and publication from the owner of the original material.
Persons wishing to publish any material from this site must assume all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any claimants of copyright or other use restrictions. Publication fees may apply.
Credit
Courtesy of LancasterHistory, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Images
Documents
Less detail

The Burkey Book : Ancestors and descendants of John (Honus) Burkey / Johannes Berg (1819-1895) and Clara Bloomingsteel/Blumenstiel Burkey (1822-1901) of Green Bank, East Earl Township, Lancaster County, PA

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo20619
Author
Burkey, Stanley Walker.
Date of Publication
2016.
Call Number
929 B9593 2016
Author
Burkey, Stanley Walker.
Place of Publication
Kampala, Uganda
Publisher
The Author ,
Date of Publication
2016.
Physical Description
214 p. : Ill., maps : 28 cm.
Notes
Includes alphabetic list of known descendants and their spouses.
Subjects
Burkey family.
Burkey, John (Honus), - 1819-1895 - Family.
East Earl (Lancaster County, Pa. : Township) - Genealogy.
Family histories.
Location
Lancaster History Library - Book
Call Number
929 B9593 2016
Less detail

Catherine H. Horst & John M. Martin family record, 1853-2009

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo20637
Date of Publication
[2010]
Call Number
929 M382h
Alternate Title
Catherine H. Horst and John M. Martin family record, 1853-2009
Descendants of Catherine H. Horst (daughter of David and Susanna Horst of Washington County, Md.) and John M. Martin (son of Jacob W. Martin)
Place of Publication
[United States]
Publisher
[publisher not identified],
Date of Publication
[2010]
Physical Description
[10], 282, [140] pages : illustrations, genealogical tables ; 21 cm
Notes
"We want to acknowledge the help for this book which came from the Henry and Sallie Martin & Emanuel and Lizzie Martin books, compiled in part by Marlin E. Sensenig, from Philip Horst, Isaac Martin, Lizzie Nolt, and others who send information"--Introduction.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Subjects
Horst, Catherine H., - 1854-1940 - Family.
Martin, Catherine H. Horst, - 1854-1940 - Family.
Martin, John M., - 1853-1930 - Family.
Horst family.
Martin family.
Lancaster County (Pa.) - Genealogy.
Washington County (Md.) - Genealogy.
Family histories.
Location
Lancaster History Library - Book
Call Number
929 M382h
Less detail

The Ebi family : the Ebie family of Stark County, Ohio : progeny of Theodorus Eby, the Swiss Mennonite pioneer of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, U.S.A

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo1374
Author
Aby, Franklin Stanton,
Date of Publication
1923.
Call Number
929 E16a
Responsibility
by Franklin Stanton Aby.
Author
Aby, Franklin Stanton,
Place of Publication
Chicago, IL
Publisher
the Author,
Date of Publication
1923.
Physical Description
19 p. ; 28 cm.
Series
The Eby family bulletin ;
Subjects
Ebi family.
Ebie family.
Eby family.
Family histories.
Location
Lancaster History Library - Book
Call Number
929 E16a
Less detail

A Good heritage : ancestors & descendants of Harry M. & Mabel Good, 1727-2016

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo20641
Author
Burkholder, Mary Ann,
Date of Publication
[2016]
Call Number
929 G646bu
Responsibility
compiled by: Mary Ann Burkholder, James G. Good.
Author
Burkholder, Mary Ann,
Place of Publication
Myerstown, PA
Publisher
Little Mountain Printing,
Date of Publication
[2016]
Physical Description
210 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), map ; 29 cm
Subjects
Good, Harry M. - Family.
Good family.
Lancaster County (Pa.) - Genealogy.
Family histories.
Additional Author
Good, James G.,
Location
Lancaster History Library - Book
Call Number
929 G646bu
Less detail

A guide to German parish registers : in the family history library of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo17927
Author
Cerny, Johni.
Date of Publication
1988.
Call Number
929.3 C415 v. 1
Responsibility
compiled by Johni Cerny.
ISBN
0806312017 (v. 1)
9780806312019 (v. 1)
0806312149 (v. 2)
9780806312149 (v. 2)
Author
Cerny, Johni.
Place of Publication
Baltimore
Publisher
Genealogical Pub. Co.,
Date of Publication
1988.
Physical Description
v. 1; 24 cm.
Contents
V.1. Baden, Bavaria, Wuerttemberg.
Subjects
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. - Family History Library - Catalogs.
Mormonen - Genealogical Department
Church records and registers - Germany - Microform catalogs.
Germany - Genealogy - Bibliography - Microform catalogs.
Additional Corporate Author
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Family History Library.
Location
Lancaster History Library - Book
Call Number
929.3 C415 v. 1
Less detail

Locating Union & Confederate records : a guide to the most commonly used Civil War records of the National Archives and Family History Library

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo14386
Author
Morebeck, Nancy Justus.
Date of Publication
2001.
Call Number
929.1 M837
Responsibility
Nancy Justus Morebeck.
ISBN
0944931898 (softbound)
0944931901 (hardbound)
Author
Morebeck, Nancy Justus.
Place of Publication
North Salt Lake, Utah
Publisher
HeritageQuest,
Date of Publication
2001.
Physical Description
vi, 152 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
Notes
Includes bibliographical references.
Subjects
United States. - National Archives and Records Administration.
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. - Family History Library.
United States - History - Civil War, 1861-1865 - Archival resources.
Confederate States of America - History - Archival resources.
United States - Genealogy - Handbooks, manuals, etc.
Location
Lancaster History Library - Book
Call Number
929.1 M837
Less detail

The Mylins, Hans and Martin

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo1169
Author
Groff, Clyde L.
Date of Publication
1971.
  1 document  
Responsibility
by Clyde L. Groff.
Author
Groff, Clyde L.
Place of Publication
Lancaster, Pa
Publisher
Lancaster County Historical Society,
Date of Publication
1971.
Physical Description
[107]-114 p. ; 23 cm.
Series
Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society ; v. 75, no. 3
Subjects
Mylin, Martin, - 1670-1749.
Mylin family - History.
Gunsmiths - Pennsylvania - Lancaster County.
Contained In
Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society. Volume 75, number 3 (1971), p. 107-114Lancaster History Library - Journal974.9 L245 v.75
Documents

edit_vol75no3pp107_114.pdf

Read PDF Download PDF
Less detail

The name Heilman in European, American and Lebanon County history

https://collections.lancasterhistory.org/en/permalink/lhdo19490
Author
Heilman, S. P.,
Call Number
974.819 L441 v. 7
Responsibility
by S. P. Heilman.
Author
Heilman, S. P.,
Physical Description
p. [221] - 252 : ill. ; 24 cm.
Series
Lebanon County Historical Society papers and addresses , V. VII, no. 6.
Subjects
Heilman family - History.
Location
Lancaster History Library - Book
Call Number
974.819 L441 v. 7
Less detail

16 records – page 1 of 2.